The glaciers are shrinking around the world – and at a rapid pace. The latest study of the international glacier-a team of researchers, under the leadership of the ETH Zurich and the Swiss Federal research Institute for forest, snow and landscape is alarming. The volume of Ice of approximately 215’000 glaciers worldwide, has been re-defined. Terrifying: The entire volume of Ice is currently about 158’000 cubic kilometres. Within a few years, it has shrunk to 18 percent. With 75’000 cubic kilo-meters, the largest glacier ice mass in the Arctic. However, the melt hits as well as in Switzerland. “Last year, the glaciers in the Alps have lost approximately 1.5 meters of ice thickness, in spite of a very snowy winter,” said Michael Zemp, a Glaciologist and Director of the glacier monitoring service World Glacier Monitoring Service. Between 2000 and 2018, and it already came eight times to such an extreme glacier melt. Climate experts fear that in around 80 years a large part of the glaciers in the Swiss Alps, and half of all glaciers in the world will have disappeared.
It is the 14. September 2018, as hurricane Florence reached the US mainland. In the result, he should go down as a low blow the most tropical storm in history. About 50 people come in the storms died, the damages go into the millions. That Florence has reached a new maximum value that fits in the forecasts for tropical storms, the IPCC had given the United Nations as early as 2013. The average temperature rise and the resulting higher humidity provide, therefore, for an increase in the precipitation rates of 10 to 15 percent. What little sounds you can have in coastal areas with devastating consequences. In addition to the amount of precipitation, the researchers also expect an increase in wind speeds. To about 25 knots, or nearly 50 kilometres an hour could increase the peak values soon. Such Monster storms are particularly in poorer countries, the population is a real Horror-scenario.
oceans are the lifeblood of the world – and more than ever in danger. The oceans are getting warmer and warmer, and threaten the coral reefs. In the Indian ocean, a gigantic coral triangle could be gone in the next hundred years. A third of all the world’s known coral reefs is located here, in addition, three-quarters of hard coral species and 35 percent of all fish species live on coral reefs, there. Also, for polar bears it will be tight. Worldwide there are, according to WWF estimates that between 22 000 and 31 000 animals – your stock is falling steadily. The problem is that the animals must increasingly move to the mainland because the pack ice on which they live, mainly – is a year less. Problem: On the mainland, the polar bears will find less food. The gloomy Outlook is: if the climate warming unabated, it is likely to be in 2050, not polar bears.
The heat wave in summer 2003 at a cost in Europe of thousands of lives. Something that is expected to arrive in the future more often: in addition to a increase in the number of deaths as a result of the hot temperatures of the European centre for the prevention and control of diseases attributed to increased with cooling due to snow storms, as well as injuries and death due to Flooding. Changing climate conditions also have an impact on the spread of diseases. Thus, the life extend, for example, spaces of mosquitoes, or ticks in the case of longer and hotter summers abruptly – and with them the danger area for possible infections with diseases such as Malaria, leishmaniasis, or Lyme disease. In General, the disease is likely to adjust Palette, also in Europe, soon to the climatic circumstances. Ergo: so Far, exotic diseases, and also in more northerly latitudes spread.
Rising sea levels
with the rising temperatures, the polar ice caps are melting, the sea level is rising. On average, the increases per year to almost 3.5 mm in the more affected regions by around ten millimeters. The consequences: the beaches are washed away, Islands are sinking. Hundreds of millions of people are affected, around 3000 languages in danger of extinction. That’s not good: Nasa studies even assume that the water level in the 21st century. Century may rise by up to a Meter. In Greenland the warming of the climate is already twice as fast as in the rest of the world. According to researcher Anders levermann, the seas could rise by around seven metres, it should melt the ice from Greenland completely. Particularly the low-lying Maldives. There is currently being created, the artificial island of Hulhumalé. It was a little bit higher than the natural Islands. Instead of only 1.5 meters, it is located approximately two meters above sea level. By 2050 they will be home to approximately 240 000 residents.
In the large climate-series of VIEWS is considered to be the global threat of climate change from all perspectives.
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