July 1, must be completed by a nationwide vote on amendments to the Constitution. The package of amendments to the Basic law regarding social security, national values and the distribution of powers between governments, was first presented by the President in address to the Federal Assembly on 15 January. It has been modified specially created working group and approved by the state Duma in the third reading on 10 March. On the same day, at the initiative of the state Duma Deputy Valentina Tereshkova and with the consent of Vladimir Putin to the list of changes and added provision allowing, and acting President, and Dmitry Medvedev to run for another two terms. The interlocutor of Kommersant, close to the presidential administration, considers that the vote, without which the amendments cannot enter into force, largely turns into a referendum on confidence in the President. “Kommersant” reminds that in XX–XXI centuries not one politician has made such a plebiscite, and not all of them ended well for the initiator.Augusto Pinochet came to power in Chile in a military coup in 1973. The first time a politician was just a head of the military junta, but in December of 1974 became known as the President. A referendum on trust have become the hallmark of politics. In 1978, he spent the first one and got 75% support. In 1980, Chile held a plebiscite on the draft Constitution. 67% voted in favor, 30% against. Ruined politics referendum to extend the presidential term in 1988: 56% of participants in the plebiscite voted against it. Augusto Pinochet resigned as President, but remained commander of the ground forces, and since 1998 — as life Senator.Read daleus the end of the 1990s, Spain was trying to get the dictator to criminal liability in connection with the disappearance and killing of Spanish citizens during the years of his reign. The dictator died in 2006 from a heart attack.The ex-President of Venezuela Hugo Chavez first won the presidential election in 1998 with a score of 56.2%. In 2000, the politician won the elections with the result 59,76%. In 2004, the Venezuelan opposition initiated a referendum for the early resignation of the President, but Hugo Chavez has won and his. 59% of voters with a turnout of 70% voted to remain as President.However, in 2007, Mr. Chavez lost a referendum on expanding presidential powers. Then against his proposed changes, particularly the abolition of restrictions on the reelection of the same person for the highest office in the country, receives more than 50% of Venezuelans. In 2009, Mr. Chavez made for a new referendum amendment to the Constitution that would allow politicians to run for elective office, without restriction on the number of times, and this time 54% of voters supported change. Hugo Chavez leftalsya President of Venezuela until his death in 2013.Photo: Rodrigo Abd, Areks-President of Bolivia, Evo Morales, in 2005, won the election with 54%. In 2008, the opposition attempted through a referendum to recall him from office, but the politician received the support of 67% of voters. In 2009, the next presidential elections, Mr. Morales has gained 63% of votes in 2014 — 61,36%.In 2016, Bolivia passed a constitutional referendum on the possibility of Evo Morales for the fourth time to participate in the elections after the abolition of the limit on the number of presidential terms. The results of the voting the majority of voters voted against the abolition of limitations, after which the government of Evo Morales declared that the referendum results are not valid, as against the policy waged a propaganda campaign, the United States of America.Despite the outcome of the referendum, the country’s Supreme court with reference to article 23 of the American Convention on human rights in December 2017 has decided that all public offices will not have time limits. This allowed Mr. Morales to run for a fourth time, but the elections of 2019 was recognized as counterfeit, and the President had to resign.One of the most popular politicians of France Charles de Gaulle was President from 1959 to 1969. In may 1968, he was faced with a deep social crisis, which started with left-wing student protests. Mr de Gaulle decided to hold early elections to the Parliament, which actually looked like a referendum on confidence. The Gaullists on them received 73.8% of the seats in the National Assembly. Charles De Gaulle changed the composition of the government and proposed to reform the Senate, which was supposed to be a body representing the interests of entrepreneurs and trade unions. In search of public support, de Gaulle resorted to this referendum, promising that, if the bill is rejected, he will resign. A referendum rejected the bill by a majority 52,41%. Then de Gaulle resigned, and in 1970 died.Photo: Michel Lipchitz, ARP 2016, Prime Minister of Italy Matteo Renzi lost the referendum on constitutional reform with a score of: about 60% of Italians voted against it. The referendum was submitted the question of changing the system of state management by the redistribution of powers in favour of the Central government and Parliament through the Senate and regional governments. After the defeat of Mr. Renzi stated that he was resigning. Now he is a Senator and head of the new party “Viva Italy”.Read далее28 March 2017, the President of Moldova, Igor Dodon, signed a decree on holding a consultative referendum on amendments to the Constitution. Among them was the extension of the powers of the President, early parliamentary elections, reducing the number of deputies and the introduction of a new school subject. The vote was to be held on 24 September 2017 and July 27 of the same year the country’s constitutional court recognized the organization of the referendum illegal, stressing that Mr. Dodon is beyond the scope of his presidential powers. At the moment, Mr Dodon continues to be led by Moldova.Photo: Irina Bujor, Commerciallyproduced of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov has twice extended the term through national referendums in 1995 and 2002. He ruled the country until his death in 2016.Ilham Aliyev is President of Azerbaijan since 2003. In 2008, the ruling party “New Azerbaijan” initiated the referendum, removing the limit of two terms for the President. And in 2016, Mr Aliyev initiated a new constitutional referendum in which the presidential term was increased from five to seven years.President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko has ruled the country since 1994. In 2004, Belarus held a referendum in which the Constitution was withdrawn, the restriction on the number of presidential terms. And the referendum question has been personalised and is associated with the candidacy of Mr. Lukashenko. Alexander Lukashenko continues to hold office of the President.Photo: Sergey Mikheev, Commerciallyoriented Nazarbayev was the President of Kazakhstan from 1991 to 2019. In 1995 in Kazakhstan in the result of the referendum, his presidential powers were extended until 2000. In December 2010, the Parliament proposed to extend the powers of mister Nazarbayev until 2020 without elections through a referendum. The President himself has not supported this initiative, but the Parliament made the necessary constitutional changes, however, the constitutional court declared illegal the cancellation of the elections in favor of the referendum. Nursultan Nazarbayev agreed with this position and proposed to hold early presidential elections. He won it with a score of 95.5% of the vote. Subsequently was re-elected in 2015 with a score of 97.75%. Resigned from the post in 2019, but remains one of the major political figures of the country heads the security Council and the ruling party “Nur Otan”, remains a member of the constitutional Council.Egyptian politician Abdel Fattah al-Sisi played a key role in the coup of 2013. In 2014, he won the presidential election with a score of 92.9% in 2018 confirmed their powers with a score of 97%. In 2019, Egypt has held a constitutional referendum in which the presidential term was increased from four to six years, and for the country’s President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, there is a possibility of election for a third term so he can remain in power until 2030.Denis Sassou-Nguesso first time took the position of PresidentNTA of the Congo in 1979. In the future his rule was interrupted, but in 1997 he again took the post of President, which holds to this day. In 2015 the results of the referendum he appeared to be elected for a third term. At the same time it removed the age limit for a President in 70 years.Paul Kagame is President of Rwanda since 2000. He has the potential to rule until 2034 referendum 2015 nullified the terms of Mr. Kagame. The term thus reduced from seven to five years, but this restriction will take effect only in 2024.Andrey Vinokurov, information center “b”