175 years ago, in 1845, in Saint-Petersburg published literary collection, the cover of which bore the name N. Nekrasov: Russian publishing world has a new player. For 30 years, Nekrasov was considered a successful entrepreneur, but few then knew how they were arranged its journal-publishing business and whether it was really profitable.”Cheated father”In 1821, shortly before the birth of Nikolai Nekrasov, his father Alexey Nekrasov received the division of inheritance in Yaroslavl province “the manor house, consisting in Seltso Grechneva, with belonging to that meter every building and the land under the add which is in polcevera acre, with a garden and pond.” The nest had come to him, not brothers and sisters, because at the time of partition he had two children and a pregnant wife.Elena Zakrevskaya, “the daughter of a rich man, beautiful, educated and a singer with an amazing voice”, described her son-a poet, in the autumn of 1817 escaped with the officers ‘ ball with A. S. Nekrasov — “wild beauty”, the semi-literate Lieutenant of the 28th jäger regiment, quartered in the province of Kherson. After the wedding she shared a nomadic life with her husband.In January 1823, A. S. Nekrasov in the rank of major “illness,” retired from service and moved with his family in Greshnevo, turned into a petty landlord, as he inherited only 63 of the soul of a male. His grandfather (the Governor) and the father (bayonet-Junker retired) contributed to this, losing their time cards, a few thousand souls. But A. S. Nekrasov excitedly took sue with different relatives and to the beginning of the 1840-ies has won several lawsuits about inheritances. The number of serfs increased to 400, which allowed a landowner to be considered mediocre.Eldest son Andrew was sickly and in January 1838, died. Nicholas also grew up strong, well-traveled by horse and shoot straight. And the father took the boy out of the fifth class of a grammar school, sent him in the summer of 1838 in St. Petersburg in a Noble regiment, where children of the nobility and graduates of the provincial cadet corps were prepared for the production of the officers.But Nikolai Nekrasov, as he later said, “cheated my father” — decided to enroll at St. Petersburg University. However, to pass the exams makes sense only in the following year, because on many subjects, especially Latin, he had the vague idea. Father was furious and refused to support my son.150 rubles banknotes brought from home, quickly eats. But the young Nekrasov was easy to converge with people and in October, through friends came to the editor of the magazine “Son of Fatherland” N. A. Field. There was never enough materials. “String to translate give no one”— not once complained about the Field in letters brother. And barely read French Nekrasov was useful and became to the job: per��to note from French Newspapers or magazines, write opinion about a book or a theatre play.But it was necessary to prepare for admission to the University. The original image was a tutor in Latin.”The Italian met in places of entertainment of the assumption — Professor of the theological Academy, recalled Nekrasov.— With the frankness of youth tell their needs. “I will learn Latin, come live with me”… Two, three weeks teaches very well, there again will wash down. Walked with him to the deacon Prokhorov. It was the right hand of the former Metropolitan Seraphim, the clergy, all lay at his feet. Father deacon eternal card-playing. Then I learned to play whist”.Either in 1839 or in 1840, Nekrasov did not passed the exams in the University. And after spending two years as a volunteer, she dumped him, although the father had already accepted his son’s choice.Photo: Rosinform, Kommersant”Crowd of fools and charlatans”Money obtained odd jobs, enough to live in closets, attics and on meals at the cheapest kukhmisterskaya.But in the fall of 1840 was lucky, Nekrasov became a member of the theater “Pantheon” magazine, whose editor was the playwright and critic F. A. Koni, and quickly became the closest assistant of this highly educated person. In the spring of 1841, having left on Affairs in Moscow before the end of summer, F. A. Horses left monthly to Nekrasov. But with his pay became irregular. In July, Nekrasov was waiting at home — married his eldest sister, Elizabeth, and the editor did not respond to letters with requests for money.”I am in desperate need of money, wrote Nekrasov in Moscow.— To leave home to do a dress. You probably agree with this, it is necessary to buy, according to Russian custom, a gift from my sister, I must reach for something, it is necessary to bring something, because my parents bribes smooth. But because the commander, if I were obliged, when in excess of 410 rubles sent me another fifty rubles. As if I was grateful… do a service to me, the commander, support the honour of his employee, who after long wanderings through the swamp of literary to finally wants to seem to their homeland”.”The commander” was silent. In desperation, mother made a mistake: when colleagues said a few harsh words about Horses. They gave him converted to slander the form. The money for the trip, Nekrasov found, but the work is lost.In August from Yaroslavl he sent A. F. Kony message with a detailed explanation of the misunderstanding in which he wrote:”Do You respect me to a degree spoiled and low.I remember that was me two years ago how I lived… I understand now, if I could get out of litter and dirt without the help of Your…”Since then, Nekrasov never discussed with others and was not the opinion of the person by gossip, winding around it, because many considered it dry and s��mcnutty.To break with Horses added even more grief — he died beloved mother.In Petersburg Nekrasov returned only at the end of the year with a sober understanding of the environment, vividly described N. A. Field in a letter to his brother C. A. Field in 1838:”About literature do not want to write nasty, disgusting bunch of fools and charlatans, immersed in gossip and nastiness! Rather, what I write about literary mischief in “Son of the Fatherland”. You wouldn’t believe how I’m sick and disgusting among this tangle of worms…”Photo: Rosinform, Kommersant”For the work and risk”N. A. Nekrasov began to write for the most successful then the magazine “Otechestvennye Zapiski”, the owner and editor of which was A. Krajewski. In 1844 he gave Nekrasov permanent job in the “Literary Gazette” for 6 thousand rubles per year. The best criticism of Russia V. G. Belinsky was in charge of the critical Department of “notes of the Fatherland”, Krajewski paid less.New friends and first of all, Belinsky recognized as Nekrasov did his literary vagrants to nobles. But from the idealism that had infected his friends-writers, Nekrasov longed to be cured. “The idealism that is at odds was life,— he explained later— and I started to kill it in themselves and try to develop his practical nous. Idealists angered me, life passed them by, they are in it just did not make sense, they were all dreams, and all of them exploited”.Being in printing, dealing with booksellers, taken small publishing projects, seeing what stuff they manage to make money, Nekrasov decided to try their luck in this business.The first collection, the cover of which he gave his name, appeared in 1845. It was called “the Physiology of St. Petersburg, compiled from the works of Russian writers, edited by N. Nekrasov”. Many of the journalistic fraternity infuriated by the audacity of the unknown world of Mr. Nekrasov, who declared “himself the guide of the talents of writers of the Russian”. Almost all publications pounced on the collection, berating him for “meanness” to those, because it described petty officials, janitors, organ-grinders, Petersburg corners and gate. But they raised the noise helped increase sales of the book.Inspired by the financial success of “Physiology”, Nekrasov began a new project. In October 1845 he wrote to her younger sister Anna:”I Regret that I can not send you Ananka known matter, now I am penniless.Started the company in 10 thousand, with only four, and every penny she is obliged to give on paper, print on pictures and all sorts of other accessories.All of this will be made only to January, and then begin money, that is legitimate remuneration for labor and risk. However, it is successful because I took to her share in this enterprise G. yazykova, with��my best friend short with capital and lacking money, take his course, in expectation of future benefits, which, however, are very faithful.””Petersburg collection” with works of Turgenev, Dostoyevsky, Nekrasov, Belinsky brought 2 thousand rubles. And he regretted that they did not dare to print a thousand copies more.25-year-old Nekrasov felt the strength to be the editor and publisher of the monthly magazine. But to organize a new periodical, it was very difficult, because after the uprising that required the permission of the Emperor. But it was possible to rent an already existing magazine. Faithful friend, the writer I. I. Panaev promised to give 25 thousand rubles., Nekrasov has made 5 thousand, took them in debt the wife of Herzen. For the first issue, the materials were: many writers, wishing to help financially stricken and in need of money V. G. Belinsky, gave him his work to it for example “Petersburg collector” would publish them in the form of the almanac and raised the money for it himself. Nekrasov convinced the criticism is not to pick a book, and to leave “notes of the Fatherland” and to take with him and panayev for the publication of his journal in which to publish all of the prepared materials.Photo: Ivan A. Astafyev / State historical Museum,”you Can do what you want”took In rent, “Contemporary”, had in 1846 a total of 200 subscribers. Its owner Pletnev agreed to pay 3 thousand rubles. banknotes per year.Well-intentioned Alexander Nikitenko, combining the title of Professor of St. Petersburg University with the post of censor of the St. Petersburg censorship Committee, was invited to be the legal editor of the journal. He agreed to do it for 5 thousand rubles. banknotes per year.In. G. Belinsky put 8 thousand rubles per year. However, he hoped to be a shareholder, a co-editor. While preparations were underway for the first issue, it’s about this thought that a new journal is created as the authority of Belinsky. But practical and sober Nekrasov understood that the terminally ill criticism have long to live and, if it is to pick the co-owners, will soon have to lose thousands of rubles on payments heiress-wife.On the cover of the new “Contemporary” was written: “the Literary magazine, published since 1847 I. Panayev and N. Nekrasov edited by A. Nikitenko”.Scandal. Friends of Belinsky, above all writers-from Moscow, accused Nekrasov of cheating. Belinsky also recovered quickly from the insults and sincerely stood up for his new employer:”I was saved “Sovremennik”,— he wrote to V. P. Botkin, on 5 November 1847.— My almanac, if he had even greater success, helped me only temporarily. Without a journal, I could not exist. I did almost nothing this year for “Contemporary”, and my 8 thousand a long time already took. P��trip abroad, absolutely deprived of “Contemporary” for my membership for a few months, not deprived me of the Board. Next year I get 12 000. It seems that there is a difference in my position when I worked in “notes of the Fatherland”. But this difference does not end with money alone: I get a lot more and do a lot less. I can do what I want. Due to their conditions Nekrasov, my work is more qualitative than quantitative; my participation more moral than active…Not Nekrasov tells me what I need to do, and I inform Nekrasov that I want or think is right to do.”Annual subscription to “notes of the Fatherland” cost 17 rubles 50 kopecks the Price of a subscription to “Contemporary” has done to the ruble less. A lot of money was spent on advertising in Newspapers and magazines. It worked. In 1847 at the “Sovremennik” was signed by 2 million people. Have long-hyped competitor, “notes of the Fatherland” — was 4 thousand subscribers. Nekrasov was paying for a sheet much more than Krajewski. Summary of first year of existence, was not very happy. In the same letter Botkin Belinsky wrote:”the First year is not paid off, and if not add a thousand new subscribers (assuming that in 2000 the old remains), more trouble is not what panayev does not receive for another year, and Nekrasov a year will exist in the debt, in the hope of future blessings, but also that it will be necessary to cringe, because on the same wide basis of issue will no longer be any opportunities. It will be necessary to think about future success, and on the equation of costs with the parish.”Photo: magazine “the spark””take the edge off my nerves”With the new “Contemporary” linked to another scandal. N. A. Nekrasov, I. I. Panaev and his wife Avdotya Yakovlevna, to which windy panayev long ago lost interest, and Nekrasov was partial, began to live together. To be close to the most valuable staff member — V. G. Belinsky, quartered in St. Petersburg, in the autumn of 1846 they rented an apartment in the house of Princess Urusova, where to place the office of the journal.Here in 1848, Nekrasov and Panaeva first son was born, and in 1855, the second (two children died in infancy). Here they wrote a great novel “two hands” — “Three countries of the world”, than again sparked outrage and ridicule of friends who said that the novel, penned together, is balavanta and humiliation of literature.There were years of hard labor for “Contemporary”, while in Russia lasted “gloomy seven years” after the revolution broke out in France in 1848.Censorship gone crazy. Every article, story had to be rewritten several times. In January, 1850 N. A. Nekrasov has complained about I. S. Turgenev:”Incredible, a truly onerous and strong for the quantity of work — honor assure you that I get to be the 1st owner, read the write up to 800 sheets of different articles, read 60 correction sheets (one of whom went into business, only 35), twice altered one novel (not mine), once in manuscript and once already in the set, had to redo several articles in the updates finally wrote fifty letters…”Journals, according to Nekrasov, “were boring and trite to the extreme.” And began to lose subscribers. In 1849 in “notes of the Fatherland”, their number has decreased by 500 people, the “Contemporary” — for 700. Money from subscriptions did not cover the cost of publication. “Contemporary” was due for the paper, printing houses and some authors.Saved card. In the early 1850-ies Nekrasov started to go to the English club to play in commercial card games, especially whist.And. Ya panaeva remembered:”several times I noticed Nekrasov that he was involved in a card; he confidently answered that he will always have enough character to leave a game whenever I want.And when I said that the card is bad needs to act on his nerves, he objected: on the Contrary, for the cards I’m still steadying my nerves, but otherwise they would’ve brought me to a nervous shock. Feel the need to write poetry, but know in advance that never will allow to print. It is as if the man had his tongue cut out and he lost his ability to speak.”With a phenomenal memory, being able to control and observe the opponent, Nekrasov was one of the most successful players in English club. When he wanted to play for large sums, the club moved to the apartment to Nekrasov — play without spectators to only a small circle knew who won and lost. Sometimes used to write cards for 12-14 hours. If the same company is always going to have someone from the afternoon until six in the evening, these meetings were called matinees. If Nekrasov played with someone one of the company, it was called combat. His winnings reached several tens of thousands. The largest in one game, according to the writer, was 83 thousand rubles. But the need to the card games were dictated not only by the need for money. The cards gave the opportunity to the editor of the “Contemporary” to communicate with the powerful of this world: Ministers, top officials, generals and aristocrats in the past two decades were partners Nekrasov at the card table. Excited by play and wine, they talked a lot and thus made it difficult to know where the political wind is blowing.”At the time, wrote J. A. panaeva,— Nekrasov played all their whims, without thinking about the money. Of course, many envied him, many turned to him for money, others for the patronage of someone of his influential friends.”Photo: Rosinform, the merchant”is Given to each”Nekrasov had money on a regular sumptuous meals for “feeding the beast” — well,the author of “Contemporary” people, especially censors. But despite the regular winnings to count the money Nekrasov has not ceased. And when, after the reign of Alexander II changed the rules of the establishment of new periodicals, N. A. Nekrasov and I. I. Panaev tried to stop rental payments to P. A. Pletnev, who also wanted to 1859, 3 thousand rubles in banknotes, and silver (the lease ended in 1862). In February 1859 they wrote P. A. Pletnev:”Due to the Supreme will is currently the publishing rights to the journal is given to every… We offer You this condition does to destroy and to receive from us in return for his act that will be issued to You and to Your heirs at the time of publication of a Contemporary us (or our heirs) thousands of rubles ser. a year already, not as a payment for the right to publish, and how Your share of the income from the magazine.”Pletnev has flatly refused this offer. Sending him to negotiate his cousin’s I. A. panaeva, was in charge of the economic part of the “Contemporary” since 1856, I. I. Panaev wrote to the owner of the journal:”of his explanations, You will see that things only begin to recover when multiplying the subscription in recent years and that have still not paid the entire debt, lying on the “contemporary”… it Must be noted though that the costs of publishing are increasing every year and pay authors comes currently to the size of the fabulous”.In subsequent years, P. A. Pletnev began to pay 2 thousand rubles. banknotes.About fabulous fees to authors panayev wasn’t lying. In conditions of increased competition, the editors of the “Contemporary” was forced to significantly raise tile payment — up to 75 rubles, whereas in other publications it was 20-40 RUB over the printed sheet. In addition, since 1857 Nekrasov invited four writers I. S. Turgenev, L. N. Tolstoy, A. N. Ostrovsky and D. V. Grigorovich to participate in dividends. The dividends were considered income from subscriptions in excess of the amount received from the first 3200 subscribers (this amount was needed to cover publishing costs). Dividends are expected to divide as follows: one third went to the editors, that is, Nekrasov and Panaeva, the remaining two thirds was divided between Tolstoy, Turgenev, Ostrovsky, and G. according to the number of printed pages written by each of them. For this the Quartet was obliged to cooperate exclusively with “Contemporary”.Critics never tired of ridiculing this innovation Nekrasov, accusing him of “enslavement” writers. Competitors in the coffee business didn’t like Nekrasov and for the generous advances to writers, even beginners, accusing him in the same their “enslavement” — only in a different way.The magazine’s circulation at the end of 1850-ies constantly growing, especially coming in fresh with��l — Chernyshevsky and Dobrolyubov. By 1860, the “Contemporary” 6600 subscribers.Photo: photo Archive of the magazine “Ogonek” / merchant”Sweet eating and drinking”N. Chernyshevsky after the death of Nekrasov gave his story about how was organized the financial side of the writer’s life at the turn of the 1850-1860-ies.”I,– explained Nekrasov— is not a burden to the cashier of the journal. When I don’t have the money, I take money from her… do I spend the money and subscriptions and loans of the magazine as they want, its need. But I have been at times the money: I of them use the expense log as you deem possible, and their borrowing from his cash pay always everything. Will not tell You that does not take any share of its income to reward yourself for editorial work, but I think that this is less than the money that is spent on coffee need with my own money. You see, I play cards: I’m teaching the great game. In commercial games I play very well, so that all benefit”.In 1857 N. A. Nekrasov could afford and “Contemporary” to remove a more comfortable apartment in the apartment house of A. A. Kraevsky on Foundry Avenue.”Consisting of eight clean rooms— read the rental contract— with two front facing the front staircase, kitchen in the wing with two of her rooms to the kitchen water faucet and sink, three toilets, of which two in bathrooms and one in the kitchen, with two bath — marble and iron, with a special coach house, stables for four stalls, a loft for drying clothes, in common with all tenants and prachechnoy particular glacier with my own, Nekrasov, heating of the apartment and Laundry”.Swaggering stroller, great horse, hunting dogs, written from abroad, clothes from the best tailors of St. Petersburg, luxurious dinners — all these attributes of a new life Nekrasov irritated many of his contemporaries. Critic A. M. Skabichevsky wrote:”All this was enough to make people accustomed to think in patterns, quite disappointed in the Nekrasov not only as a person but also as the poet.Come, my poet Muse of wrath and sorrow, the singer of national grief, the Herald of agony and groans all the disadvantaged — and suddenly most of his life was surrounded by every comfort and almost luxury, sweetly ate and drank, played cards…”And Nekrasov continued to surround himself with “luxury and comfort”. In 1861, when the “Contemporary” things were going great (7125 followers!), card and the winnings accumulated, he decided to get his own noble nest. In Greshnevo lived a father who after his wife’s death had multiple mistresses — “one root and a pair of crotch”, in the words of servants.In April 1861, Nekrasov asked the father to find a manor not far from Yaroslavl:”In the village I’m looking for total freedom and perfect demon��of ejnosti, when provided, arranged according to my personal taste, though, and with large expenditure. Under these conditions I have from 12 months to 6 to 7 to live in the village and part of the deal. That’s why I’m looking for sure estate without farmers, without processes and, if possible, without any trouble, that is, if you can, ready. I can spend 15 to 20 thousand ser. (can be more — if for nothing to pay)”.Father found the Karabikha estate Golitsyn. And it, along with existing there distillery was purchased by N. A. Nekrasov for 38,5 thousand rbl. silver. The control of the entire economy took the younger brother of writer F. A. Nekrasov Karabikha moved to permanent habitation.Photo: photo Archive of the magazine “Ogonek” / merchant”Revision of the staff over the counter”In June, 1862, Sovremennik was suspended for eight months “in a harmful direction.” Most of the subscribers refused to receive money for unreleased numbers. But after the resumption of the publication of their number began to fall. The reason for this was that the magazine lost two of its main authors: N. A. Dobrolyubov died in November, 1861, a N. Chernyshevsky was arrested в1862 year and sent to prison in 1864-m. In these years, “Contemporary” was signed by about 4,000 people. The magazine began again financial difficulties. At the end of 1864, expenditures exceeded revenues by 19 643 RUB 37 COP. In 1865, this difference increased to 23 307 RUB Deceased DOB should remain “Contemporary” in 2 thousand rubles., who died in 1862 Ivan panayev owed about 17 thousand rbl.silver.After his death, the journal was obliged to provide A. I. Panaeva as his heir, but when there was a final rupture of its relationship with Nekrasov, she wanted to panaevskom a fraction of the cost of the “Contemporary”. Nekrasov had to pay Avdotya Yakovlevna 14 thousand rubles. silver, and 5 thousand rubles at once, and 9 thousand in the next two years. Nekrasov gave much more. It has received 14 thousand RUB over silver cash, and in addition, the writer has translated the name A. Y. Panaewa borrowed the letter A. A. Abaza on 34 thousand rbl. silver. (“This handsome man,— reported at the end of life Nekrasov of the member of the Council of the Minister of Finance and later a member of the State Council of the Russian Empire, the state Comptroller and the Minister of Finance A. A. Abaza,— I lost more than a million francs on his account and my account and more”).A lot of money was spent Nekrasov in the middle of the 1860-ies the actress Selina Lefran who came with the French troupe of the Mikhailovsky theater. About the new passion of the writer, his half-sister E. A. Nekrasova-Rumling recalled:”the Ultimate goal of her desires was to make yourself even a little capital and a stock of expensive things and to go home, ie to Paris.”Seeing that the beginnings in what does not deny, some of the staff of the journal began to murmur ��and low, from their point of view, labor. G. Z. Eliseev, the member of the editorial Board of Sovremennik, he spoke about this conflict:”When the mother began to complain of the poverty of the income of the journal, the lack of money and our objections proposed to us to believe his account books, we — Oh shame! — volunteered to go and make himself practice… Office “Contemporary” was placed at that time in the apartment of the head of the office, Hippolyte Alexandrovich panaeva, near the technology Institute… panayev received us very kindly, opened all the books and began to explain its accounting”.Not understanding, the auditors were very satisfied with their “RAID on the office of the magazine” simply as an act of indignation.”None of us, and in my mind at the time is not come, what a cruel mockery perpetrated on we Nekrasov, ‘ continued Elisha.— Nobody thought that was supposed to change his mind and perechuvstvovat this man during this audit? And even more, that he should change his mind and perechuvstvovat after this unprecedented not only here, but throughout the literature, the audit staff over the counter your editor was announced in the literary and coffee mugs? Because this revision was tantamount to a editor if not proven, then suspect a thief.”Photo: Rosinform, Kommersant”Simple monetary transaction”After the assassination attempt Karakozov on Alexander II “Contemporary” in may 1866, was closed by the personal order of the Emperor as the hotbed of revolutionary ideas.In a year N. A. Nekrasov pressure increased charges in duality behavior — the peasant poet lives like a gentleman — decided to sell the Karabikha in installments younger brother. In fact, F. A. Nekrasov received it as a gift, so paid until the death of N. Nekrasov only a third of the price (native generic Greshnevo same Theodore A. was sold in 1885 peasant G. T. Titov).After living a year and a half in Karabikha, N. A. Nekrasov returned to Petersburg at the end of 1867 th. And all struck again. He decided to breathe life into the decrepit competitor, “notes of the Fatherland” A. Krajewski!”This combination seemed to us monstrous, unnatural, impossible,— recalled M. A. Antonovich, a former employee of “Contemporary”.— Unite two poles, two notorious enemy, personal and literary, two coffee rival, two fierce competitor.”But less exalted journalists had other ideas.”No Union here,— wrote N. K. Mikhailovsky, who after Nekrasov’s death one of the editors of “notes of the Fatherland” (together with M. E. Saltykov-Shchedrin, and G. Z. Eliseev)— and there is a simple cash transaction that Krajewski gave to known time and for a certain fee your journal Nekrasov, pledging not to interfere in the literary side of things”.Jourcash quickly became, as he wrote to the censors, “bad direction”, and the number of subscribers has risen from 3 thousand to 6 thousand Superintendence of the entire economic part remained in A. A. Krayevsky as the owner of the journal. The salary of the assistant editor and the fees allocated 3200 RUB per month. At the end of the year all remaining amounts were divided between Kraevsky and Nekrasov in half.Life went on the same track: cards, dinners, literary evenings, new civil wife, 19-year-old Zina (passport — Fyokla Anisimovna Viktorova), which, as claimed by the irrepressible gossip, Nekrasov took away from some of the merchant, purchasing a new estate in Chudovo, Novgorod province for hunting and poetic works. Still part of the money won in the card, generously distributed to needy journalists and writers without receipts and without hope for their return or refinement. Without exaggeration, Nekrasov was again the star of St. Petersburg. One of the staff “notes of the Fatherland” recalled:”When mother rode in a sleigh on the Nevsky in fashion in the 1870-ies of the boyar cap, then barely had time to respond to the prostrations of passers-by and the passers-by”.Since 1876, Nekrasov money flowed to the doctors who treated him for bowel cancer. In one of his letters to his brother Theodore, the writer complained: “Cash floats, like water”. Tens of thousands of rubles spent on treatment, surgery and care after. Zina, with which the dying Nekrasov was married in April, 1877, and his sister Anna A. Butkevich, one after another, spent at the bedside of the writer all the terrible days before his death on 27 December 1877.”After those two hundred days and nights, wrote about the wife of Nekrasov critic P. M. Kovalevsky,— she young, fair and red-cheeked woman turned into an old woman with a yellow face and it left.”During the funeral 30 Dec 1877 original way commemorated poet of his colleagues. The son of the writer Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, who after the death of Nekrasov official editor of the “Domestic notes”, K. M. Saltykov recalled,”my whole family, except father, who went to pay their last respects to his former editor, gathered at the Windows that appeared on the street. Soon before our eyes began to turn a huge procession of people of all walks of life… the Funeral was majestic. The coffin was carried in her arms, the crowd filled the entire width of the Avenue, hundreds of voices sang to the deceased “eternal memory”.Behind the hearse were driving a range of coaches. One of them suddenly leaned dad and showing us a playing card, disappeared in the window of the crew.When dad came home, mum asked him what it meant, this gesture, to which he replied that he was driving to the cemetery, he and his companions in the carriage sat down for a game of screw, being sure that the soul Nekrasov should have been happy, seeing that he remember the same about��azom how he liked to spend most of his life.”Addiction Nekrasov maps discussed and criticized, and after his death. But I. A. Panaev, a longtime ally N. Nekrasov on the “Contemporary”, in his memoirs wrote:”Much revered and respected people playing cards, and it does not prevent them to be honored and respected in society. Defamation does not affect their name. At least the money won Nekrasov in people who cost nothing to lose, were they used much better than the money won by others. Money Nekrasov supported many poor people, a lot of developed talent, a lot of poor people became a people.”Svetlana Kuznetsova