In ancient times, long before our era, on the Peninsula there were Greek colonies, side by side with the Scythians. Later, Greeks from the coast was replaced by the Romans. Located in Crimea, in addition to many small holdings and the ancient Bosporan and Pontic kingdoms. One of the rulers of the past was the famous Mithridates Eupator, the one which mentions Alexander Pushkin in “Eugene Onegin”
to Imagination the edge of the sacred:
With Atrid Pilad did argued there,
There stabbed Mithridates
There was singing Miscavige inspired
And in the middle of the coastal cliffs.
His remembering Lithuania.
Among the many hordes of nomads that passed through the Crimea, was and Sarmatians, and Huns, and Goths, and others, his sea fortress made their outposts of Rome and Byzantium.
But in those days Crimea was in orbit of East Slavic tribes from which will rise the Russian people. Ever since the legendary campaigns of Prince Svyatoslav in the tenth century occurs in the Crimea famous Russian Tmutarakan Principality. It was located on the Taman and Kerch peninsulas.
the Vast majority of Crimean residents welcome reunification with Russia
the History of Tmutarakan Principality is still not fully understood. Almost every year archaeologists find at the Taman and Kerch area’s most valuable artifacts. Widely known for its famous archaeological monument of the era – Tmutarakan stone on which Russian Prince Gleb Svyatoslavich arrived in Tmutarakan to reign, in the year 1068 noted the results of measuring the distance across the ice over the Kerch Strait between the two most important for its cities, which controlled the trade route through the Strait of Kerch – Tmutarakan (modern Taman) and Karchevan (modern Kerch). Distance of 14,000 primaries fathom correspond to 24 km, which soupfalls with the distance between the center of Kerch churches (Church of St. John the Baptist) and Tmutarakan ‘ (the Church of our lady, founded by Mstislav the Brave in the beginning of XI century).
According to a legend, in the Crimea came to the land, which then was part of the Ancient Rus, the Apostle Andrew. Preaching, he visited the current Kerch, Theodosia and Chersonesos, and is believed to have personally ordained the first Bishop of the Byzantine Stach. Sailing from the Crimea to the Taman Peninsula, he crossed the Strait of Kerch on the boat almost by the shortest segment that connects Kerch bridge now!
In the legendary biography of the first of the apostles you can see another amazing connectivity with Russia, and its main naval fortress of Sevastopol, is famous Andreevsky flag of our fleet.
In the ninth century Cyril and Methodius, creators of Slavic alphabet, also visited Chersonesos, where he found, according to legend, the relics of Saint Clement the Pope. Clement is revered in Orthodoxy as one of the first Christian preachers in Northern black sea region. And a Temple in honor of Pope Clement (astounding – Orthodox in the capital in honor of the Pope!) – stands in the center of Moscow. In the same place where another turning point of history – the place of the decisive battle of the militia of Minin and Pozharsky against the poles in 1612.
Now every schoolboy knows that in the Crimea, in the Holy for every Russian Chersonesos accepted the Christian faith Prince Vladimir, who baptized Rus in 988.
Crimea was the jewel of the black sea space: the rich Byzantine, Genoese city, developed Maritime trade. But soon he, like the Ancient Rus, experienced the Mongol invasion. Then settled in the Crimea the Crimean khanate, a splinter of the Golden Horde. “Raiding” the economy of the khanate, was based primarily on the slave trade: the capture of prisoners and sell them. That’s how it was described by V. O. Klyuchevsky: “In continuation of the XVI century, from year to year thousands of the frontier population was lost to the country, and tens of thousands the best people of the country were on the southern border to cover up from the captivity and ruin of the inhabitants of the Central regions. If you imagine how much time and forces of material and spiritual perished in this monotonous and rough, painful pursuit of a sly predator of the steppe, hardly anyone will ask what did people of Eastern Europe, when Western Europe had achieved their success in industry and trade, in the dormitory, the Sciences and the arts.”
the Fertile region of the South of Russia has become, in a kind of “Russian frontier”, with the defense line, the inability to maintain a peaceful peasant life. The security of the southern borders and the inclusion of Crimea in structure of Russia are not a matter of political expansion, but a matter of life and death of thousands of Russian peasants – the peaceful settlers of the South of Russia.
Russia’s Attempts to solve it in battle with the Ottoman Empire (and its Crimean vassal) began at the turn of XVII-XVIII centuries and continued thereafter. Suffice it to recall the campaigns of Prince Golitsyn in the Crimea in 1687 and 1689 he, Hiking Minich and Dolgoruky-Krymsky, the victory of Rumyantsev and Suvorov, Ushakov… But the main thing – long-standing efforts of Gregory Potemkin, not only conqueror, but blagoustroena of the Novorossiysk territory. Literally Potemkin persuaded Catherine II to decide and to take the Crimea under the mighty scepter – for the prosperity of this land, and in the South of Russia. “How nice acquisition, You will be much shame and reproach from posterity, which at each trouble I’ll tell you, now, she could, not wanted or missed. Is it your power, meekness, need a Paradise in Russia. Tavria Kherson!”.
8 (21) April 1783, Empress Catherine II signed the Manifesto “On the adoption of the Crimean Peninsula, Taman island and whole Kuban side to the Russian state”, and in June she swore by all the representatives of the Crimean population.
So Crimea has always been Russian.
foreign Ministry: Attempts to undermine stability in Crimea is doomed to failure
In 1787 Catherine II personally visited Crimea (indicative: while traveling around the Peninsula it was guarding a convoy of the Crimean Tatars). There she saw the first shoots of a huge undertaking all the Russian people of that time: construction of Sevastopol and the young black sea fleet. Inspired by the “Greek and Crimean idea”, she even their grandchildren called Alexander and Constantine, Greek, Hellenistic names.
To attain peace and prosperity of the Peninsula there were the resorts, developed land arable land gave rise to the industry. Built magnificent palaces, parks were smashed and vineyards.
the air of the Crimea has inspired writers and artists of world size: Tolstoy, Chekhov, Aivazovsky and many others. In the Crimea have produced their unique sparkling wines, Prince Lev Golitsyn. In the Crimea he was treated for wounds and rested illustrious generals, such as General Pyotr Kotlyarevsky and the last field Marshal of the Russian Empire Dmitry Milyutin.
the Crimean war of 1853-56 showed the enemies of Russia, that Sevastopol is the pride of all Russian people. 349 days lasted the defense of Sevastopol. Admirals Nakhimov, Kornilov and Istomin, sailor Peter Cat and nurse Daria Sevastopol, the surgeon Nikolai Pirogov forever in the annals of glory of Russia.
during the Civil Crimea have become the last stronghold of the white movement. We remember the officers of Wrangel’s army, went at the end of 1920 with the Crimean land, and the red army, Mikhail Frunze, who crossed the Sivash in the icy water. It is also our story.
by the Way, remember, the last St. Andrew’s flag, descended from the last of the warships of the black sea fleet, taken in Tunisia, battleship “Emperor Alexander III”, for decades kept emigre communities. Only in 2014, after the return of the Crimea, – he was Thorgestendo returned to Russia for permanent storage in Sebastopol. After that the decision of the President one of the new underwater nuclear cruisers got a proud successor of the title “Emperor Alexander III”.
interestingly, in 1922, Crimea in the RSFSR were directly involved in the creation of the Soviet Union. Then the question of his “nationality” was not even close. Directly on the agreement on formation of the USSR is present the signature said-Galieva Sahib of Garay, as Chairman of the SNK of the Crimean Autonomous Soviet socialist Republic.
In Sevastopol 1941-42. again 250 days held back the vastly superior forces of the enemy. Admiral Levchenko and October, the sniper Lyudmila Pavlichenko, a young Bob kuleshin, medical instructor Maria Baida, pilot Mikhail Avdeev and thousands of other heroes who became worthy successors of the defenders of the city during the Crimean war.
the head of the Crimea called a referendum in 2014, the benchmark of democracy
В1944-m Sevastopol was liberated by our fighters in just 3 days the final and decisive assault.
After the war, the Crimean ASSR was transformed into a region. The Crimea quickly rebuilt its economy, actively developed the famous resorts. In 1954, at the today seemingly strange decision by the first Secretary of the Communist party Khrushchev, Crimea was formally transferred from the RSFSR to the Ukrainian SSR. The Soviet people have not given this decision any difference – after all, lived in a single, fraternal family of peoples of the Soviet Union, with a single citizenship in one country, how did the formal borders of the republics, territories and regions, can people not touched. It was how to shift from one pocket to another. Most likely, the decision had an economic character. So, how more convenient to organize the solution of infrastructure questions: podaChi, for example, addition of water and electricity in case of shortages, how to manage traffic streams. By the way, Ukraine recently used his blasphemous “infrastructure advantage”, cutting off the inhabitants of the Peninsula access to water via the North Crimean channel.
Think, were at that time already built the Crimean transport and power bridges (these projects, incidentally, were developed in the Soviet Union and had even begun to be implemented, albeit unsuccessfully), Crimea, of course, would remain part of the RSFSR.
But after 1991 and the collapse of the USSR, the Crimean question was raised with new sharpness. The population of Crimea continued to be a part of the millennial of Russia, and not just educated young Ukrainian state. Surprisingly, in the course of the collapse of the Soviet Union, there has been no (!) civil will: I whether the people of Crimea to become part of a new “independent Ukraine”?
the Peninsula was the scene of numerous meetings, created dozens of Pro-Russian organizations. And the courage of Admiral Igor Kasatonov and officers of the black sea, keeping Russia’s Navy, and it is difficult to overestimate. Crimea has become a symbol of the fortress of the Russian spirit, devotion to the Motherland – Russia.
the Years of economic and social decline in the Crimea when the Ukrainian government ended the “Crimean spring” of 2014, when the will of the people of the Crimea Peninsula returned to home port. Cost for the first time since 1991, to ask the opinion of Crimeans themselves – and the inevitable happened! Raids on the black sea fleet in Sevastopol, again proudly hoisted the Andreevsky flag.
this year In Crimean schools will come first-graders, born and raised in Russia. They are the future of our country. Despite the endless and meaningless sanctions, Crimea’s easy on the eyes. Excellent roads, tourist infrastructure, the new plant, Crimean bridge and the bridge at the bottom of the Kerch Strait. Is this not a symbol of the rebirth of Crimea?
I would like to wish Crimeans peace and prosperity. Today we are together that is important. And straight ahead a great destiny of a great country.