The first champagne bottle exploded like a bomb. The thin glass held up to the pressure that takes place during the second fermentation process. In the 17th century. Century protected the cellar master, therefore, as a precaution, with a heavy iron mask. It was, of all things, one of those men who loved to preach water, which came up with the idea to produce a thicker glass. Pierre Pérignon, a French monk who had developed the process of fermentation in the bottle and thick-walled glass bottle with strap removable Cork. When he died in 1715, behind he left a comprehensive written work, but his sparkling sparkling wine remained rather cloudy.
It was finally the 27-year-old widow Barbe-Nicole Clicquot-Ponsardin, who invented a method to remove the yeast residue. After the sudden death of your spouse, you had to take a wine shop, which produced annually a hundred thousand bottles of champagne. But the widow Clicquot was the noble drop not only your name, “Veuve (widow) Clicquot”, they coined as the first woman to head a champagne house is also the myth of the “savoir vivre” and presented their champagne self-consciously at all the courts of Europe. The feisty businesswoman in the male world, bought vineyards and established a Bank. And in a time in which women were not even a private Bank account could. When she died in 1866, and produced their company already 750’000 bottles in the year.
Just eight years later, another French made with sparkling grape juice for a splash. Louise Pommery was 41, her husband lost. She overcame the sorrow and produced the first champagne “Brut”.
Today annually produces about 390 million bottles of champagne, but the name “champagne” may only be those that have your vine roots actually in the French Champagne. Every second bottle of drink, the French themselves, a large part of it goes to England and in the United States and almost a Million in a country of alcohol and prohibits convicted women executed: the United Arab Emirates.
Claude Cueni (62) is a writer and lives in Basel. Just his new novel “Waiting for Hergé”. Cueni writes every second Friday.