Small business is already well aware of the support measures and generally assesses their above average, the survey of companies for calculation of the index RSBI. The most popular recognized measures in public procurement, leasing and lending — the least popular tax deferral, the government is already preparing to replace them with a complete write-off for the quarter affected companies. Regular surveys of the business on the adequacy of support in terms of a pandemic allow you to capture two trends: the government’s willingness to respond to valid signals and the difficulty to determine the real business needs because of the diversity of his activities and inquiries of unfair players.Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in General are well informed about the measures of state support to mitigate the impact of the pandemic is only 10% of entrepreneurs are not aware of such measures, while nearly half are closely monitoring the changes. These figures recorded the April measurement of the index RSBI (a monthly survey of business sentiment holds PSB in cooperation with “OPORA Russia” and Agency Magram). It was attended by the owners and managers of 1612 companies SMEs from all regions.The most effective, according to 57% of the respondents, the possibility of delayed government contracts, changes in their value and the lack of penalties for breach of obligations. More than half of the respondents approve interest-free loans to pay, the delay in the payment of Gosende, the moratorium on bankruptcy and verification. The least efficient business called three-month reprieve on taxes that is due to the General uncertainty of small businesses, said the Executive Director of Agency Magram MR Natalia Turanova. “Everyone understands that after a deferral, the taxes will still have to pay the full amount, including for these months,” she added. However, as previously stated Vladimir Putin, all taxes for the second quarter will be scrapped, a measure worked out by the government.The relationship of business to support measures does not depend on company size, although medium businesses amid a greater resistance to slightly higher estimates of their effectiveness in contrast to the small and mikrokompany. The results of numerous surveys of business the last few months suggests that entrepreneurs have different opinions of the relevance and effectiveness of support measures. So, according to the latest monitoring the Center for strategic research at the end of April, the most in demand among companies of the SME sector were deferred taxes, credits and sotsvznosov, in the business — the ability to change the terms of state contracts and exemption from penalties for currency violations. Simultaneously, the actual monitoring of the Commissioner for human entrepreneurs Boris Titov 13 may showed that the majority of companies in the affected sectors (not only SMEs) do not consider the government’s measures are effective: most effective when these deferred taxes, subsidies for salaries and the reduction sotsvznosov is the least relief in state contracts, the moratorium on bankruptcy and postponement of goerend. The lack of demand measures, as indicated in the office of the business Ombudsman, in part due to their inaccessibility — so, about 15% of respondents had been rejected in the restructuring and obtaining new salary credits for formal reasons, but in some cases the unavailability of state support is due to the dishonesty of the companies. Thus, the decrease sotsvznosov had not been assessed in the business environment due to the spread of informal employment.However, the scatter in the estimates, obviously, called and branch specificity of the companies, as shown by SKB “Kontur” the analysis of sales in April and may, the spread applied to them by the stop of the economy because of the epidemic of harm is very great. Thus, the sale of building materials after a sharp fall at the beginning of the isolation on 60% recovered and even increased slightly compared with the 2019 year (to 0.4%). Gradually restored sale of furniture (drop fell from 66% to 23%) and cosmetics (falling from 37% to 5%). However, the most affected sectors were the manufacturing of clothing and footwear — the decline of its momentum, still is 87%, public catering (71%) and bookselling (62%), a record growth so far, only the sale of alcohol, where turnover increased by 14% compared to the comparable period in 2019.Diana Galieva