Transport vs. environment in Iran: gas money from the population smaller, but to give up the car no one wants

Moscow, February 1 – “Vesti.The economy” Iran is not coming from the news feeds because of the escalating conflict with the United States. However, residents of middle Eastern countries have long been accustomed to live in conditions of sanctions and react only on special occasions. From the internal problems of the big resonance was caused by the autumn a three-fold increase in the price of gasoline. Now the crisis has passed, prices have stabilized (for how long is unclear), however, the Iranians were actively set on car gas engines. Says Irina Kianian.

traffic jams in Tehran. Source: Pixabay.

Most of the people of Iran prefers to travel by their own cars or motorcycles, whose number is not very high quality gasoline is causing serious environmental problems in the cities. This is especially noticeable in Tehran, the capital city where the surrounding mountains are often not visible because of the smog, and the index of air pollution sometimes reaches the critical level of 150 units. When the level of air pollution exceeds the permissible limits, the state imposes restrictions on the passage of vehicles through the city. For example, some days on the streets of Tehran is allowed to move only cars with even numbers, the other odd.

on average, in Iran, for every 1000 people there are about 200 cars. It seems that quite a bit, but given that about half of the population are schoolchildren and students, which led earlier, it can be concluded that almost every adult Iranians have their own car. But in this respect, Iran is very different from other countries.

Tehran. A Parking place is hard to find

Almost all aliens, the first being in Iran, I am surprised that even the wealthy Iranians living in prestigious areas, in most cases, the move to cheap and not very new, Russianth point of view, the models of the cars. For example, in the Parking lot of the Banquet hall at hotel Espinas, which hosts lavish and expensive weddings are mostly democratic machines of European and Asian brands, and the products of local industry, at a time like the luxury and prestigious car will be surprisingly few, and this is for a number of reasons.

At the time, as the tax on the purchase of foreign cars is 2%, and domestic is only 1%, the tax on the import of machinery from abroad exceeds the value reaches 110%. In addition to Hyundai, Kia, Renault and Peugeot, Iran did not meet the official service centers of other brands, and this means that owners of other cars can crumble only in private workshops that do not guarantee neither the availability of the necessary spare parts or the execution of works in time. By the way, before Peugeot released in Iran, the Iran Khodro factory, but after 2018, when the United States took a particularly harsh sanctions against Iran, production ceased.

Iranian Saipa car (white)

In this regard, a large portion of all vehicles on Iran’s roads are local brands, and this is not surprising, because the income from the automotive sector is currently around 10% of GDP. The most common domestic car Samand is Iran, produced by the oldest and largest in the country company Iran Khodro. Another Iranian automaker, Saipa, does not lag behind the competitor in terms of production.

From manufacturers only, who are expanding their presence in the local market is Chinese. Lately on the roads can often be found, for example, Cherry.

as for prices, the most popular and affordable machines in Iran – “pride” or “Samand” currently stand at 56 million Toman (us$4.4 thousand). The price of Chinese cars will start with a 150 million Toman (us$12.5 thousand), and common is importnye Hyundai, Kia, Renault and Peugeot there are 350 million Toman ($30 thousand) and above.

traffic jams in Tehran

But quite different is the situation on the island of Kish in the Persian Gulf. As this southern resort is a free economic zone, then imported into its territory cars is not taxed, accordingly, there you can find newer and more expensive cars. But the rules of the road on this coral island are much stricter than in the rest of Iran.

unlike us, the Iranians fill their cars only two types of gasoline: “regular”, “super”: 3 Toman (us$0.25) and 3.5 (us$0.3) per liter, respectively. In connection with the autumn rise in prices for gasoline in 3 times (when on the streets, protesters), more and more drivers moves the gas, because it costs only 1 Toman. And, increasingly, in the trunk of the Iranian machines can detect gas equipment. The car company Iran Khodro even responded to the new demands of the economical motorists and started to produce cars Samand equipped with gas engines.

Originally a gas station in Iran belonged to the state, but many of them purchased by private owners. It is worth noting that the local fuel stations are often superior to the Russian in terms of quality bathrooms in them. Even the highways connecting provincial cities, they have free toilets with running water and soap are continuously fed.

Near filling stations are often so-called Service area with complete modern restaurants and shops. For example, Service area ∎Mehr-o-Mah∎ on the highway connecting Tehran with the religious centre of Qom, looks like a modern shopping center with many boutiques, extensive food court, restaurant, cafe and even its own pastry shop, where they bake a delicious traditional Persian sweets “sohan”. As plaw, all Service area are in private ownership.

All the tracks and roads of Iran built by the state, most of the tracks pay (2-3 Toman), and the collected funds go to maintain them, and they all fully comply with international standards.

the Route Shiraz – Yazd

the Development of public transport is one of the measures to combat air pollution and a means of saving. Iranian metro looks very modern, combining the purity and freshness of the Moscow metro and sleek design, characteristic of European cities. As in trains, wagons Iranian underground separated by gender. The fare on the subway costs about 3 Toman (0,25$). Metro is not only in Tehran, where it is vital that those who do not want to be late because of traffic jams, but in the major cities: Mashhad, Isfahan, Tabriz and Shiraz even.

in Addition to the subway, alternative to private cars are buses, the fare of which is equal to 1.5 (0,125$) Toman. Generally, men occupy the front half of the cabin, and the women back. While intercity buses are the most affordable and popular option for moving between cities. They divided into ordinary and VIP, and the ticket price varies from 20 (1,6$) to 60 (5$) Toman. These buses are equipped with screens in the aircraft, and their passengers are provided with food.

On the Iranian streets goes an odd number of taxis, which is divided into 3 types. Yellow work on the principle of buses picking up passengers in one direction. But, telling the driver the magic phrase “the gift of bast”, meaning “closed door”, and you can ride one. There is a taxi called by telephone and referred to as “ajans”. Less common than in Russia, but also used an application similar to Uber and Yandex. If you go in a yellow taxi with fellow travelers, that so turns out cheaper. If one, the yellow taxi is more expensive than a car, summoned by telephone or through the app.

a Typical Iranian taxi

And more recently on the local market was the Russian taxi “Maxim”, so Iran and Russia are getting closer not only at the political level. Text: News.Economy