In the Museum space, the exhibition “In the name of peace and progress!”, on cooperation of the USSR with other countries in space exploration. One section is devoted to the first experience of international cooperation in the field of space — the World exhibition of interplanetary machines and mechanisms, which was opened in Moscow in 1927.
About the legendary show, the preparation for it, its partners, and the communication of scientific thoughts in fantastic literature — in joint material mos.ru and the Agency “Moscow”.
Active development of technology that began in the nineteenth century, gave rise to the emergence of the genre of science fiction in literature. The term(eng. — science fiction) arose later, in the early twentieth century — one of his first began to use the American publisher Hugo Gernsback. “Under science fiction, I mean literature in the spirit of Jules Verne and Hg wells” — he explained.
These two names are not descended from the mouth of the reading public in various countries. Of most interest, perhaps, aroused their fantasies of space exploration: a bestseller in 1865 was a novel Verne “From the earth to the moon direct in 97 hours and 20 minutes” (in translation into Russian — “From guns to the moon” and “From the earth to the moon”), and one of the main books of 1901 — “the First men in the moon” wells.
One of the pioneers of the genre in Russia wasvs Chernomyrdin-free science time has written some fantastic short stories — “On the moon”, “dreams of Earth and sky”, “Beyond Earth”. But, of course, the heyday of Russian sci-Fi literature was reached in the 1920-ies — this time, by Yevgeny Zamyatin, Alexander Belyaev, Alexei Tolstoy. Their works had a great influence on a generation of readers and writers: Strugatsky brothers told me that the biggest influence on them as the authors had the Soviet fiction of the twentieth, not the books of Hg wells and Jules Verne.
One of the main fantastic works of Soviet literature was the novel of Alexey Tolstoy
dreams of interplanetary travel has captured the minds of earthlings. Many inventors and scientists were inspired by fantastic works and created their own drawings and models of rockets. Most of them remained on paper, but, in addition to the romantic quest in the 1920s, and made real steps. The first international review of achievements in the field of the nascent space exploration has become a World exhibition of interplanetary machines and mechanisms, which opened in Moscow in 1927.
the Forerunner of the Moscow exposition was the Exhibition on the study of outer space, which was opened in the Kiev House of the Communist education on 19 June 1925. Its initiators were young enthusiasts, led by mathematician Dmitry grave.
the Exhibition consisted of five sections: astronomicalth, radiotelegraph, viewstodorovamarina, meteorological and interplanetary. In the last part of the exposition devoted to space exploration, was presented the drawings and achievements of the engineer Alexander Fedorov. The main exhibit of the interplanetary section was a three-meter model of his (its later brought to Moscow)
Kyiv exposure worked for more than two months and closed on 1 September 1925. By the way, one of the visitors of the exhibition could be 1925 he studied at the Kiev Polytechnic Institute, but reliable information about it has survived.
the Success of the exhibition in Kiev was demonstrated by Alexander Fedorov and his followers from the Association of inventors of invention (AIIS), active public interest in the theme of space and exploration of interplanetary space. Shortly after the closing of the exhibition, in Kiev, the members of the Association began to prepare for more ambitious and which would be presented work is not only Soviet scientists, engineers and enthusiasts, but also their foreign colleagues. Letters with offers to participate in this event sent to all corners of the world and many received a positive response.
among the first its participation in the exhibition confirmed by one of the pioneers of world cosmonautics,who happily sent copies of his works in Moscow. Robert was one of those scientists who to the study of the cosmos has pushed the Jules Verne novel “From the earth to the moon”. In the exhibition of the German scientist was listed as the representative of Romania in those years, he was Professor at the universities of the Romanian cities of Cluj and in Mediaş.
Another notable participant of the Moscow exhibition became a follower of Robert’s ideas abstractly was obsessed with rocket cars and planes. In a letter to the organizers of the exhibition, he said: “unfortunately, I do not yet have a rocket ship that would help bridge the space from Moscow to Munich in one hour, but I hope that a miracle will happen in a few years.” Just three years after the Moscow exhibition, in 1930, tragedy struck: Valle was fatally injured while testing another missile.
Among the scholars who submitted their achievements at the exhibition in Moscow, there have been those who have been reluctant to share with the world their discoveries and achievements. American Creator of the first liquid-propellant rocket engine, seen in other scientists are not peers, and greedy for other people’s ideas of competitors. At the stand of the American was not much exhibits. By the way, if the fate of Hermann Oberth was influenced by the book of Jules Verne, to Robert Goddard’s landmark book, after which he lit up the cosmos, was the “war of the worlds” by Hg wells.
the Exhibition in Moscow was planned to open 10 February 1927 — 10 year anniversary of the February revolution, but did not. In late January, 1927, the organizers who took care of all the expenses, wrote to potential participants of the exhibition:
the First world exhibition of interplanetary machines and mechanisms was held in Moscow on April 24 of 1927 in the house 68 on Tverskaya street. In the display visitors saw the first exhibit volume This installation was for show this is — many people came to the exhibition, just interested in the unusual spectacle.
According to the authors of the exhibition, its semantic centre was a stand of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, who in 1927, the celebrated 70-year anniversary. In this division were presented copies of the works and drawings Tsiolkovsky, the layout of his missiles. In addition, guests of the exhibition handing out free brochures with the works of a pioneer of cosmonautics. He really wanted to visit the exhibition, but because of poor health could not do it. However, Konstantin Eduardovich wrote the organizers a letter in which he thanked them and expressed confidence that their contemporary fly in space.
in Addition to viewing the exhibits, visitors could in one of the sections was prepared to this special book. Someone took it as a joke, but still many people enthusiastically queued up. Do not forget about those who anticipated such journeys in the literature. At the exhibition the stands of the scholars coexisted with a section devoted to writers Jules Verne and Hg wells.
According to the memoirs of the organizers, every day came the exhibition of 300-400 people, and in just two months, her work exhibits are about 10 thousand visitors.
On how to begin and develop the international space cooperation, you can see the exhibition “In the name of peace and progress!”, which opened at the space Museum until September 6.