When is the changeover to the summer time in 2019?
The Central European summer time begins on the last Sunday in March. This means: In the night from 31. March 1. April 2019 the clock to 2 a.m. to 3 p.m. one hour before . The clock must be on the last Sunday of the month of March to one hour ahead. On the last Sunday in October the clock is turned back. This practice has been harmonised in 1998 between the States of the European Union.
The System with the time change has a long history: one hundred years Ago, the Federal Council refused to neighbouring countries, to adapt, and the summer time.
In the spring of the garden furniture in front of the door. In the fall it puts you back in the shed. In the spring, more and more scantily clad women in it. In the autumn the then goes back. The 2-3-2 rule (based on the computer interface RS-232): In the spring, the time of day is from 2 am to 3 am. In the autumn of of 3 o’clock to 2 o’clock. In Winter, the temperatures in the Minus-, in the summer, then again in the Plus area. In the spring when it is warmer again, extends the time – the clock will be presented. In the autumn, when it is colder, the time the clock is reset. For all the English: Spring forward, fall back. And completely stupid: In summer the clock will be presented, both with “o”. Whence comes the summer time in Switzerland?
In the spring of 1916 that resulted in all four of the neighboring States of Switzerland, the summer time and the watch is presented during summer months by one hour. The goal was to save against the Backdrop of coal shortages during the First world war, energy, as the historian Jakob Messerli kept in a Dissertation.
The Swiss government initially wanted to make in-depth investigations and introduced the System in the year 1916. Thus, Switzerland was surrounded by countries that were ahead of the country in the summer months, one hour. After a consultation procedure and a public debate, the Federal Council decided on 24. In March 1917 was definitely against it, and re-tighten.
advantages and disadvantages of the changeover to the summer time
For the rejection of the low take-up of language on the one hand. The competent Department of the interior and the Federal Council gave the savings of coal consumption in Switzerland as a “miserably”, as the historian Jakob Messerli. The electricity had not been provided with Gas, but a majority of with electricity from local hydropower is generated. A change in the system could have the disadvantage of the water sector.
Additional problems have been made in agriculture. So it is difficult for the milking of the cows and the milk supply to adjust. Would be in addition to the health consequences that would have had these changes in the rhythm of life of farmers and also of pupils. The days of the country’s population were already long enough, held on to the Federal Council.
The long and bright summer evenings, but also followers. Some saw it as “a major advantage that the workers would be able to till after work, still in daylight, be vegetable the country, and in order to increase domestic production of food could help.” In the discussion of this Argument, however, had little weight, because many saw in the extension of the day, a risk for the health of the people.
time island during the Second world war
In Switzerland was therefore continued throughout the year, the Central European time. Only during the Second world war, the Federal Council decided, in the summer time during the years of 1941 and 1942 – with the goal of saving energy. Because these savings were, however, insignificant, apart from the measure in the year 1943, Jakob Messerli.
In the postwar period, several countries seemed to be the summer to have time to temporarily abolished. So knew in the 1970s, Messerli, according to Italy, the permanent summer time. Today’s EU member States agreed, in the spring of 1980 unified, in the summer time. Only Switzerland refusing. During 6 months between 1980 and 1981, Switzerland, was a time of island within Europe. The had had to go to the part of the unpleasant side effects, such as, for example, the emergency plan, in accordance with the in this time, the SBB station.
Switzerland, followed in 1981, and finally to the neighbouring countries.
20% of all Europeans suffer from the Monday
“20 percent of Europeans suffer because of the time change sub-health problems,” says the MEPs Pavel Svoboda. Disorders of the circadian rhythm would entail, among other things, heart attacks, circulation problems or premature births.
1 hour forward on the clock
There is a very simple donkey head, to remember the time change: it depends on the summer. In the spring, when the summer will come, and so on. In the autumn, when the summer is over, back to you. It couldn’t be easier.
84% of the Swiss were, however,
A Referendum showed already in 1978, 84 per cent of the Swiss wanted to transition no time. A study of 2016 shows that about 74 percent of all Germans are against it, in the East it should be 80 percent. Now the EU Parliament deals with a possible abolition. Aha!
time change remains controversial
The summer time continues to have opponents. A 1982 of a Zürcher SVP-Committee launched a popular initiative for the abolition of summer time did not materialize, however, for lack of sufficient signatures.
Both in the year 2010 as well as 2016 the Lucerne SVP national councillor Yvette estermann filed a Motion for the abolition of summer time. The latest Motion in December 2016 of the Federal Parliament is pending. The Federal Council rejected previous Motions always clear that it would Abolish the time change only if the majority of the surrounding countries would take this step also. If Switzerland would give up on the conversion, too bad this is the foreign relations.
The neighbouring countries of Switzerland, whose most important trading partner. Deviate from the time control would make in the daily exchange noticeable. In addition, this would be high Validation and conversion costs – for example, to verify whether the controls and systems would also work in the case of a waiver of the time change.
Also in the EU, the transition is a current topic. MEPs called on at the beginning of February 2018, the EU Commission, and to take the disadvantages of the time change under the microscope – and the rule should be abolished. While a corresponding request is received, a significant majority found the requirement of the transport Committee, in the summer, to abolish time, no.
In Switzerland is the Swiss Federal Institute of Metrology (Metas) is responsible for ensuring that the official Swiss time is realized and distributed. The Institute developed together with the University of new castle, one of the world’s most accurate atomic clocks, such as Metas, writes in a communication on Tuesday. This differs according to the message in 30 million years, a second of the exact time.
Since the regulatory measure is in the summer time to an artificially introduced Time, do not use long, all the countries in the world in the same System.
country, the summer and winter time, use all the member States of the European Union States, in the same period as the EU, Albania, Andorra, Kosovo, Faroe Islands, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Monaco, Montenegro, Serbia, Vatican city, San Marino, Moldova, Gibraltar, Ukraine (except Crimea)South America and Latin America: Brazil (part of), Paraguay, MexikoUSA, Canada and Alaska Caribbean Africa: Morocco, Namibia, and Western Sahara Asia: Mongolia Australia (partially), and new Zealand, countries without a time change Europe:: Iceland used 1968 last the time change, and Russia as well as Belarus 2014Grosse parts of Asia such as China, Japan, Laos, India, Indonesia, Cambodia, Thailand, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Saudi Arabia or Iraq to renounce the conversion.The largest part of the African countries as well.