Author: Dmitry Kiselev
Recently, Estonia with great pomp celebrated the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Tartu peace Treaty with Soviet Russia, according to which 2 February 1920 at the world map appeared a new independent Estonian state.
“the Tartu peace Treaty was, is and will remain the birth of the Estonian state. He’s an incumbent. Estonia joined the Soviet Union voluntarily. We occupied. We regained our independence on the basis of legal continuity,” said Kirsty Kaljulaid, the President of Estonia.
Such a look as think as Tallinn gives reasons for Estonians to put forward territorial claims to Russia. But it is the opinion of the Estonian patriots. Moscow believes Tartu (he — Yur contract) only a Museum piece and today null and void. And such in our common Estonia story a lot.
“Estonia most part became part of the Russian Empire under the peace Treaty in 1721 at the end of the protracted great Northern war between Peter the great and Sweden. And included was part of our state, by the way, for a large ransom, we have money to pay Sweden. Maybe our patriots more profitable, more enjoyable this decree to learn or to study, for example, rescript of Catherine II, when she, as it was called officially at that time, the Estland Governor-General count Browne wrote about the establishment of the revel (revel is Tallinn) governorship. Well, warm the heart of a patriot such language. You can still remember. Let’s completely plunged into the ancient history so-called Yuriev tribute that Livonsky order and Lewanski the order occupied a substantial part of present-day Estonia, paying Novgorod”, — said Vladimir Medinsky, the Russian presidential aide.
Wonder Estonia starts the conversation. More baby maybe for her big surprise.
“It’s a two-way street, only one someone to start such a conversation — nwill acnot to swim great details. Only problem is, all that there is one big Russia, a great power with all the ensuing consequences. There is Estonia with a complex of border States. Just Estonia still can’t get rid of, hence the complex constant attempts to demand something from Russia, land of the Leningrad and Pskov regions. Okay, you guys ready for this fundamental conversation, and in fact it may happen that you will need,” said journalist, writer Armen Gasparyan.
the Point in useless debate put the official representative of Russian foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova. “Estonia as a state existed from 1918 to 1940, has lost the status of subject of international law due to becoming a part of the Soviet Union, and the Treaty of Tartu had lost its force, because both sides signed it, became part of one subject of international law — the Soviet Union. In addition, it is not in the registry of the applicable international treaties of the UN,” she said.
So mindless shaking of the air in Tallinn. With this agreement and pskovitianka, on whose land encroaches Estonia.
Author: Sergey Zenin
at six In the morning, at the end of the fraternal prayer, the heat of birch bark, kindle the fire in the ovens. So here preparing food for dozens of centuries. You can only rely on historical facts. And to say that if at the time the lands of what is now modern Estonia, the persecution of the Orthodox, the Pskovo-Pechora monastery, and could not be.
the family of the founder of the monastery of Tartu fled under the Pskov. They settled first in karst caves, where according to legend the monks-hermits in solitude made their prayers. Sacrificial service strengthened their faith. And still, parishioners say that the Pskovo-Pechora monastery, located in the heart of the Pechora district of the Pskov region gives special force to the whole Pskov region.
the Cave has been preserved. Now — underground cemetery, the necropolis. Individual burials — more than three hundred. There are the laity.
“In Russia, there is a widespread desire among many before his death, to take monastic vows, thereby somehow to the new life to enter. Basically here are buried the ancestors of the known genera. Here there are burial places from the kind of Pushkin, of the kind Mussorgsky, Tatischevs, Nakhimov, Nameking, Viniaminovich,” — said one of the monks.
Pskov oblast — our ancient territory. Here there are villages existing since the XII century. That is a tremendous legacy, a mixture of ecclesiastical and secular cultures. One only diocese are 100 monuments of Federal significance.
“the land of Pskov, of course, unique. But it is up and running, to be honest. Now the government begins to pay special attention to our region. I’m not talking about those problems that affect many many people: medicine, health care and roads. We have no industry here. We don’t have much agriculture. But it is a great asset of our country, and of course what is now the program begins to repair, in particular the improvement of the Western Russian lands, it is very important not only for those who live here, but for the whole Russia”, — said Metropolitan Tikhon (Shevkunov).
the capital of the Pskov region — a ten-hour drive from Moscow. During this time, while you’re at it, time to realize how huge our country is. Perhaps for this reason so many who want something to bite of the pie.
the Result is always one, but invent a lot of ways. Estonia, for example, in 1991, at the beginning of the post-Soviet confusion, handed out to inhabitants of the Pechora district of the Pskov region passport. The border population did not refuse, thus solving many household problems.
And now, after almost 30 years, the Estonian government got, like, probably, considers two advantage of the sleeve. The Tartu Treaty, by anyone in the world not recognized, and the passports of citizens that live on the territory of Russia. But enough to conduct a survey among these people, to understand their attitudes towards the territorial claims of Estonia.
Nothing and never censored version of what is usually said. What not to explain to the neighbor, simple and clear to us. The land of Pskov is one of the centers of power. From what I remember once. This history of the battle of the Ice, from which the Teutons came to their senses 10 years, refused all the previously conquered territories, and did not dare even to think of revenge. This Mikhaylovskaya area, filled with energy Pushkin’s lines. It became a legend of the exploits of Pskov. The latest example of heroic service to the Motherland in 2000, when 90 paratroopers from the Pskov airborne division entered the battle with 2500 terrorists and kept the defense to the last bullet.
Now, as centuries ago, people come here from all over the country. Many remain. Perhaps under the influence of these types. For those who think in Russian, these epic landscapes are recognizable at the gene level.
Better to see once. Izborsk valley. 18 kilometers in the direction of Estonia. This reserve, therefore, is forbidden to build, and nature is the same as it was thousands of years ago. Say when ancient izbran asked, how are you, they said, year burn year war and the year built. And lived, protecting the borders of the Russian land.
then there was Prince Truvor, one of the first of the kind of Rurik. According to various estimates, in the XIV-XV centuries it was a monument to one of the most ancient Orthodox cemeteries. At the grave of Vikings and pagan Truvor is, oddly enough, Orthodox cross. Another evidence of historical ownership of these lands.
Our tour guide Daniel Litvintsev come from Peter. Makes individual rounds. Does online magazine about Izborsk and the surrounding area. Jokes that six years ago he moved from one cultural capital to another. In the village where he lives with his family, — 8 yards and three museums. The border with Estonia — a half-hour drive. The Izborsk — tourist Mecca. A year come to 500 thousand people. Mandatory destination — the village of Whitefish. It is home to one of the indigenous peoples of Russia — the set.
adjacent to the village, where the Seto, a former scientist in the field of crystallization of metals Alexander Lapshin now casts bells. Has ensured that when the small mass of its products emit a low sound. Moved from the Yaroslavl region and not going back.
Despite all the “but” coming here immigrants from the most seemingly comfortable places. For example, from Rostov-on-don. Timothy Cooper is the translator to know three foreign languages.
less than five years, and Timothy, he hopes, will be the first crop of walnuts. The grapes are already fruiting, and the sugar content it is not lower than in the South for 18%. Still grow flax, make it oil, the same is true of cannabis. And building a house, where he plans to live with his wife and only child.
In the Pskov region come not only feet, but also money. Investors from other regions of the country. Risk, and they do. Ostrich meat for many exotic product. But do not lose optimism — they say — because the land — his own.
“It’s clean, the real Russia. Full Estonia, this land was not. This is our ancestral land. Pskov has always stood and will stand, not in vain in Pskov is written: “Russia begins in Pskov region”, — said Eugene Prokofiev, head of ekofarma.
Text: “News of the week”