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There was plenty of hectic activity on the food market in Wuhan this day in December. It yret of life in the different stalls.

Live chickens, ducks, and pigs in cages. Many of them were slaughtered on the spot before they were handed over to the customer.

the Chinese will in fact have their food fresh.

A renholder working at a market in Beijing in January of this year.

Photo: NICOLAS ASFOURI / AFP

At this market in Central China, there were also sold other types of animals. Wild animals. These animals are more exclusive and are used in traditional chinese medicine.

But the wild animals also have another property: They are frequently carriers of the virus.

We do not know who was the very first that were infected by the koronaviruset. Patient zero. But what we do know, is that among the 41 first that became infected, had 27 of them visited the market in Wuhan, according to medisintidsskriftet The Lancet.

Korona probably came from the wild animals.

A confiscated desmerkatt run into a cage on a viltmarked in Guangzhou, China in 2003. Scientists believe nature was the origin of the Sars epidemic the same year.

Photo: CHINA PHOTO / REUTERS No surprise

The infectious virus has come as a shock to the world, but no one should be surprised.

Around two thirds of all infectious diseases in humans have namely the origin in animals.

This applies not least to the world’s most feared viral diseases. Several of them have had large outbreaks in the last 20 years:

Photo: Ole Morten Ødegaard / the Norwegian broadcasting corporation

We do not have immunity to the bacteria and viruses from the animals. Therefore, these viruses spread outward and lead to great sykdomshyppighet, ” says Bjørn Erik Kristiansen, former professor of microbiology at the University of Tromsø.

Research suggests that such virus outbreaks are increasingly common.

Why is it that we more frequently become infected by the animals?

Animals that infects

Several researchers that NRK have talked with, believe they have the answer: the People takes the place of the wild beasts. We destroy nature when we strike off down the forest, build houses and mines.

– When we are in nature and reduces the diversity, it is often the most robust species that are left, those who can withstand a lot. Some of them may be carriers of diseases without even getting sick, ” says Anne Sverdrup-Thygeson, professor at the Norwegian environment – and biovitenskapelige university.

Anne Sverdrup-Thygeson, professor at the Norwegian environment – and biovitenskapelige university.

Photo: Håkon Sparre

These animals can then be sold at a market in Wuhan. Or they may contaminate other animals which is then sold on the market.

the Destruction of nature and biodiversity is, in many ways, it’s the other crisis in the world, next to climate change.

the Numbers is to lose your breath.

< p> the Man dominates on the globe

the World’s dyrebestander is more than halved in the course of 44 years, according to the WWF’s Living Planet Report.

today represents the people and our pets, 96 per cent of the biomass of mammals on earth. The wild animals account for 4 per cent.

the Man is one of the many million species on earth, but we dominate in total. Scientists call the time we live for antropocen – the age of man.

A sumatrisk orangutan with young people photographed in 2013. The nature is threatened.

Photo: ROMEO GACAD / Afp the Animals have nowhere to hide

the Consequence of this is that the wild animals no longer have any forest or jungle to hide in. They are therefore closer and closer to us humans. And their virus skip on us. This is called “spillovers” of technical jargon.

There is clearly a correlation between contact with wild animals and korona. Partly that we are looking into areas where animals have been before and eating them, and partly because we live so close to them, ” says Dag O. Hessen, professor in biology at the University of Oslo (UiO).

Dag O. Hessen, professor in biology at the University of Oslo.

Photo: Private

So what should we do to avoid multiple pandemics?

Have warned long

The world bank has proposed to monitor the infection and strengthen health care for people and animals. It can cost about 3.4 billion dollars annually.

But according to the Un environment programme, this is not sufficient. We must go to the root of the problem: We need to stop to destroy and push nature.

We have foreseen that such a thing should happen in many decades, but no one has done anything, ” says Kate Jones, a professor at University College London, in the podcast, the New Scientist.

Kate Jones, a professor at University College London.

Photo: Private

Ironically, by the year 2020, the year. It should – according to plan – be a great conference in October, in China. On the Un biomangfoldkonferanse to the world to establish goals in order to stop the negative development.

– Here Norwegian politicians be framoverlent and use the opportunity to get something that at least gets a Paris agreement for nature, ” says professor Anne Sverdrup-Thygeson.

We are dependent on the nature

She believes we all must change the way we relate to nature.

– the Protection of nature is not something politicians can decorate with when it suits. It must be the basis for everything we do – because nature is the very basis of our welfare and our civilization, ” says Sverdrup-Thygeson.

She will have the support of Dag O. Hessen.

– All is somehow for the nature, but I don’t think we have acknowledged that we are addicted to it. Nature is still one of those nice to have thing. We still live in the misconception that nature, it is plentiful, ” he says.

Pangolinen

today is stålgitterne on the market in Wuhan down. Like the other streets in the city, there is hardly a man to see.

After koronautbruddet the government has introduced a ban on the purchase and sale of wild animals.

People are searching through the closed Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in the city of Wuhan in the Hubei province in China. The market was probably the place where the first human was infected by korona in December of last year.

Photo: NOEL CELIS / AFP

in addition to save the nature, is there anything else we should do to prevent a new pandemic:

Stop the practice of using these wild animals for food and medicine. Especially in China.

When it comes to the korona is skjelldyret pangolin a likely smittekilde.

Pangolin and wild animals in a cage at a market in Myanmar.

Photo: Creative Commons / https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Myanmar_Illicit_Endangered_Wildlife_Market_04.jpg

the Animal is prized in China both as food and as medicine. The special shells to among other things work against skin diseases and wounds. Pangolin are among the most traded wild animals in the world, according to a report from the dyrevernsorganisasjonen WildAid.

Illegally imported pangolin from Malaysia, wears a variant of the koronaviruset to be able to infect humans, according to a recent article in the journal Nature (other research sore, however, doubt about this).

But you may have a pangolin been koronasmittet of a bat, which is a known carrier of the virus.

Maybe infected pangolinen then a man on the market in Wuhan.

the Rest is history, as it is called.

See the BBC’s documentary about the endangered Pangolinen:

Babypangolinen Honey Bun has a unique relationship to the surrogatmoren Maria. Finally, there may be hope for the extremely endangered animal species. You need javascript to see the video.

Babypangolinen Honey Bun has a unique relationship to the surrogatmoren Maria. Finally, there may be hope for the extremely endangered animal species.

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