again, the United States tightened export restrictions on shipments to Russia. On Monday came into force, two new regulations Bureau of industry and security (BIS) of the U.S. Department of Commerce, limiting the potential export of sensitive technology to Russia, China and Venezuela.

One of these rules negate the exception for American exporters who have previously had the opportunity to put Russia in a relatively wide range of goods without a license, if they meant civilian use civilian consumers. This list contained bearings, semiconductors, computers, equipment for the production of airplane engines and stuff. However, under the new rules the exporter must obtain a special license from the U.S. Department of Commerce, even if goods are used for civilian purposes.

the decision on the introduction of new rules for such supply of the us office explained that countries such as Russia and China, often resort to the strategy of integration of the civilian and military sectors, complicating the identification of end user companies in the United States.

the Second limitation also applies to Russia, China and Venezuela, it will expand the definition of “military use” of goods and limit the already minimal capabilities of the Russian defense sector to buy American goods, software and technology.

Now, under the concept of military end-user will be subject to not only the armed forces, national guard, national police and intelligence services, but also any person or organization acts or whose functions involve support of the military use of the product. The last point will become an obstacle in the path of the supply of American goods to the Russian users who are in any way connected with the military or the security industry.

on 29 June, the US Secretary of state Mike Pompeo said that the United States stop shipments of defense products and dual-use equipment in Hong Kong.

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