The US and the EU are not satisfied with friendly relations between Russia and Serbia

Russian anti-aircraft missiles arrived to Serbia

“Why do we and Serbia want to take away the right to build our relationship as we see fit? Moscow and Belgrade, developing ties in this field, following all international norms and obligations, and in any case does not threaten the security of third countries,” – said in an interview to Belgrade newspaper “Evening news” Botan-Kharchenko.

high-ranking Russian diplomat considers it absolutely unacceptable policy of intimidation and the illegitimate application of unilateral restrictive measures. “It is short-sighted and subversive attitude – he stated. – Our relations with Serbia Mature and stable, they are based on national interests. We are interested in further development of mutually beneficial bilateral cooperation in all areas”.

expert Opinion

Serbia is the main geopolitical ally of Russia in the Balkans, adhering to verified, balanced policy of developing mutually beneficial relationships with the widest possible range of partners. The multi-vector for Serbia is the politics of survival, says doctor of political Sciences, Professor of MGIMO Elena Ponomareva.

“In all crucial periods of history of our countries and peoples, in the most difficult times we have always been and, I’m sure I’ll be there – says authoritative balkanist. Today, despite the current political difficulties and the opposition of a number of players in world politics, the relations between our countries have entered a new era, the era of spreading horizons. However, the success on this path requires great effort to overcome that, we can only together, as has happened many times in history. This statement directly concerns the very sensitive issue of violation of universally recognized norms of international law, particularly Resolution 1244, which Russia through the words of its President believes “unfair and dangerous” and ready to “work with all our partners so that international law was respected, and decisions were fair.” With all the positive assessments it is important to recognize that the Russian presence and influence in economic and military-technical balance weighs ten times less than the cooperation with the EU and NATO. Leading economic partner of Serbia is Europe, which accounts for 82.4 percent of turnover. Russia, despite the steady increase in supplies of gas occupies a niche of 4 percent. Given the growth of Chinese investment, apparently, Russia needs to urgently change strategy in the region.”

Photo: ANDREJ ISAKOVIC / AFP Russia and Serbia are preparing to again confront revival of fascism in the West

Ponomarev indicates that a separate discussion deserves the role in the Balkan disturbances, especially on the Kosovo question, the United States. “Washington is playing their own game, often in contrast to not so much the policies of Brussels, how much in Berlin, London and Paris, – said the expert. Current Serbian politics, as the opposition, are in constant contact with the American Embassy and the state Department, however, to talk about American vector of Belgrade will be wrong. Rather, it is with Washington trying to play as on intra-European contradictions and to build a counterweight to Moscow.”

According to the research scientist, there are three basic vectors of development of modern Serbia. “The first is Euro-Atlantic integration, which, despite the obvious crisis, it remains, since 2000, a priority of the official Belgrade. The choice of the EU as an “Empire by invitation”, which requires recognition of the “Republic of Kosovo” and NATO membership, illustrates only one thing: “the choice of civilization development, the relationship of the Balkans to Europe and Vice versa – Europe to the Balkans, is through the contradiction of life in the region and cause and effectth steep zigzags of history and modernity,” says Ponomarev. The second vector-balancer – Russian, defined not so much economic as cultural, historical and political factors. However, the continued presence of Russia requires serious efforts and proposals for shaping the new agenda, that finds concrete expression in the search for effective methods of foreign policy. Implementation of this approach implies a clear definition of Russia’s national interests in the region and understanding of the goals of foreign policy. This, in turn, is impossible without carrying out large-scale audit resources, methods and techniques of influence. On the basis of this analysis it will be possible to formulate a strategy and define a course of action to protect and promote their interests in Serbia and throughout the Balkan region not only on the modern stage, but also for the future. The third vector – China. While traditional Balkan players appeal to history, trying to play on the phobias of the Balkan peoples and build a geopolitical strategy, China is only an economic means of increasing its presence in the region. The value of the Beijing to Serbia and other countries in the region not only in financial and mobile (the decision of launching projects in comparison with the EU, Russia and the United States in a very short time) the attractiveness of political neutrality”.

in summary, Ponomareva comes to the conclusion that “multi-vector for Serbia is about survival, which allows not only to maintain the status quo in the most sensitive – the Kosovo – issue and thereby postpone indefinitely the inclusion of the military-political frame of NATO, but also to provide economic and military-technical Foundation of future “fair” solutions.”