the Plot has long been a companion to American politics. However, in the era of the tramp, he became a universal syndrome. Conspiracy against Russian assets in the government gave rise to a conspiracy on the deep state and the intervention of Ukraine in the elections. Boring incompetence that led to the fiasco in Iowa, caused a fever on Twitter and speculation during a television debate that the national Committee of the Democratic party hid the conspiracy arrayed against Bernie Sanders.

the Most notable conspiracy theory continues to call for “cognitive infiltration” of “extremists” to fix the “crippled epistemology”. Now there are those who insist that only give rise to unbalanced conspiracies from the air, not trying to back up all facts just to undermine the foundations of democracy.

But such theories deny the universality of the thinking of the conspirators, due to social conditions — and how his pathological exacerbates the situation.

the Root causes of conspiracy theories are also not associated with cognitive impairment. French historian Marc Bloch in 1921 noted that conspiracy theories always need special social conditions, which will help it to take root and spread. For example, a shattered society devastated by war. While America is waging a seemingly endless war, its society is divided due to the unprecedented level of inequality. In this context, conspiracy theories have become characteristic of American democratic politics. Those who intend to continue the oligarchic policy that serves the interests of a small part of the population can’t count on the fact that she will form a majority. They appeal to the conspiracy, to enlist the support and reduce social discontent caused by the policies which most people in trouble.

But even when they do not use such tactics and lose elections, they still condone the conspiracy. When it comes to explaining losses in the primaries of 2016 and the General election, the American centrists, do not hesitate to blame shadowy forces. However, they must pull knowledge. In the end, their ancestor, the French nineteenth-century liberal françois Guizot acknowledged that the conspiracy is that weak governments create out of resentment that they generate, to cover their mistakes. This is true for the current authorities. This also applies to anyone who believes that their elections were rigged and who did not manage to gain enough votes to win.

the point is not that Russia has not interfered in the elections in 2016, and that the obsession with conspiracies is pointless. If the hacking from Russia and had some value, only because the fruit was hanging so low that the worms could chew. To trade or to debunk a conspiracy theory — it’s just two sides of the same coin: it is an attempt to avoid real policy.

In the end, the conspiracies fail most of the time. As noticed by the Italian political thinker Niccolo Machiavelli, “many have attempted, few have reached the desired result.” He warned that the real danger is not that the plans are carried out, and that they cast a shadow on the policy. As soon as the conspiracy idea captures public attention, it brings real benefits, regardless of whether it is true or not. But even when a concern about a conspiracy is unfounded, it only fuels them and makes the situation worse.

Plots best left for period dramas Netflix. Machiavelli suggested that the best defense against their devastating impact on policy are policies that do not repel the vast majority of the population, forcing him to wonder who had betrayed them.

If you want to avoid turning the policy into the world of corrupt oligarchies, it is not necessary to disrupt the alleged conspiracies, or debunk a conspiracy theory. We need a new political realism that is too cold will consider the economic and fiscal politthe IR, which has long suffered setbacks.