electricity amid heat and udalenka could grow by 20-22%, estimated by experts. In the houses of the Russians working at home included everything: computers, air conditioners, fans, TVs, charging mobile devices, and the use of electric kettles and plates. Thus, the consumption for June for apartments in average could increase to 18-20 kW/h. the same with water consumption: on mode-isolation counters spinning vengeance. Extra kilowatts and cubic meters in the payment can be converted into hundreds of rubles of additional costs the tenants.

the consumption of electricity and water during the hot days of quarantine has estimated associate Professor, Economics Department, REU them. G. V. Plekhanov Alexander Timofeev. According to his calculations, in the apartment of the leader in the consumption of electricity is lighting. At the end of the month the share of included lamp together account for the payment of 90-100 kW/h It is still good that the quarantine came in the spring and early summer when daylight is increased: in April, the darkness came two hours earlier than in may. In second place for the consumption of electricity as a refrigerator and air conditioning which consume 40-50 kW/h During eight-hour work day spends in air 6.4 kW/h. If the whole month will be hot, the cooling air leaving 192 kW/h Plus the period of isolation most often worked the stoves, which had to prepare not only Breakfast but also lunch and dinner. It increases the expense of another 18-20 kW/h On distance at least two times longer running on the computer. If you work 8 hours a day one PC takes over a month to 120 kW/h and if and an LCD TV with a wide screen all the time runs in the background, then in the payment reflects another 20-35 kW/h. All this increases the normal energy bill by 20-22%.

water Consumption during the period of quarantine is also significantly increased. “In April 2020, the Russians spent 10% cold and 7% hot water compared to March,” explains Alexander Timofeev.

If in the apartments electricity consumption increased during the period of quarantine, the enterprises — on the contrary. And it was the factories, commercial space, offices are the largest customers of energy drinks. Therefore, despite the parade included the appliances in the homes, in the whole country electricity consumption fell. At the end of the year in the optimistic scenario, energy consumption will fall by 2.2%. In order to reduce costs and not to generate electricity wasted by power plants across the country cut production. In addition, fell the collection of utility payments: many Russians have used the anti-crisis deferral of payment.

“in March 2020, the collection rate in the regions for the “communal” decreased from 10% to 20%. There is concern that this figure may reach 50%. There are many factors: isolation strongly influenced the increase in consumption, many citizens get “vacation” from the employer and had no money. Plus in many regions of the reforms in housing and changing management companies, and along with this, there are delays in payments,” said Timofeev.

However, the costs of the residents of the houses on payment of utilities are highly dependent on individual behavior of households. “Many are not air conditioned, someone is using energy intensive incandescent bulbs instead of energy saving, someone has a gas stove and no electric kettles, and hot days — not throughout the country. In any case, the share of electricity and water in the total amount of bills is small. Basic costs account for heat and the rent, and they have not changed,” — said the Executive Director of the National centre of public control in the sphere of housing and communal services Svetlana Razvorotneva.

Much worse for the supplier and the companies and managing companies: they suffer losses. “I don’t think pandemic will markedly increase the costs of Russians in the “communal”. Moreover, many regions have tried to ease the burden: canceled payment for overhaul, has introduced a deferred payment, reduced tariffs for garbage removal. Another issue is that this year will not make the capital repairs in buildings, heating and electric systems that could end badly in preparation for the winter,” added Razvorotneva.