The biggest infrastructure project in the world. An estimated 60 percent of humanity, and 35 percent of the world’s economy will be included. “It is the new engine for China’s economic growth,” says Lina Liu. The Chinese girl writes at ETH Zurich a doctoral thesis about the mega project. But there is also a political Dimension. Liu: “As a growing Power, China wants to write the global distribution of power.”

China’s President Xi Jinping (65) has presented it 2013. Shortly thereafter, construction began. In 2017, the first silk road was held in summit in Beijing. Also the then Federal President Doris Leuthard (56).

“For the Chinese, is the belt of the country and the road of the sea”, says Christian Wurst, Europe-CEO of the Basel logistics giant Panalpina. On Land, Railways and Pipelines will be realized, on the coasts of major ports. To create new economic corridors.

The silk road in ancient times and the middle ages a network of trading routes. Similar to today, they were connected Europe with Asia. China is called the BRI is fond of the road are, because this term has positive connotations.

The main projects in China, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, Europe and Africa. In Europe, ports in Italy and Greece the Central roles. The American continent remains Essentially foreign. The USA are against the project because even critical, to the hostile set.

The BRI is likely to devour it is estimated that between 900 billion and 1.1 trillion dollars. The financing assume different, partly of purpose-based institutions such as the Asian infrastructure investment Bank (AIIB), the New Development Bank or the China development Bank.

Confederation in 2017, at the first summit, and since 2016 is a member of the AIIB (see point 6). Ueli Maurer. this weekend in Beijing, a Declaration of intent to sign It is supposed to enable Swiss financial institutions to Finance projects along the BRI.

The BRI is originated in China on the drawing Board. Neither the UN nor anyone else had reported anything. It is, therefore, in the eyes of many, the beginning of a new world order in which China sets the tone. “BRI is a kind of platform which is very Chinese. The criteria are very non-transparent,” says the sociologist Patrick Ziltener. Chinese companies in approximately 90 percent of all projects. China accuses “debt diplomacy”: the Poorer countries are lured with infrastructure projects. You are at fault, then, about the construction of a BRI port – this is what happened in Sri Lanka and China are at the mercy of.

This is unclear, because the BRI is an organically growing project. But the pace is rapidly increasing.