According to Endocrinology research center of Minzdrav of Russia, up to 70% of Russians are experiencing iodine deficiency. Why the emphasis is on bread, of course. Bread Russians eat a lot, so it certainly the body will receive necessary amounts of iodine. The health Ministry has estimated that 150 grams of bread will contain 53 mg of iodine, which corresponds to 35 percent of the recommended daily intake of this trace element for adults. And if an adult is every day to eat this bread, he will be able to get almost the daily requirement of iodine. “Given the relatively high (in comparison with countries of Western Europe, USA, Australia and New Zealand), the consumption of bakery products in Russia, especially in rural areas, where iodine deficiency is most pronounced, it can be assumed that Russia will have reached the optimum nutrition major population groups with iodine,” – noted in the Ministry of health.
what causes iodine deficiency?
Iodine is an essential trace mineral which affects many functions of the human body, including the processes of growth, development and overall tone. In humans, this trace element is not produced independently. He comes from outside and does not accumulate in the body, it must constantly be replaced.
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As told to “RG” member of the Federation Council Committee on social policy, honored doctor of Russia Tatiana Kusano, iodine deficiency may lead to termination of pregnancy, the growth of tissue of the thyroid gland (endemic goiter), the birth of children suffering from cretinism, hypothyroidism, as well as the formation of cysts and nodes in the thyroid gland.
According to the National medical research centre (SMRC) endocrinology of Ministry of health of the Russian Federation, as of 2018, the average consumption oftion of iodine in our country amounted to 40-80 mcg per day, which is three times less than the established world health organization (who) normal (150-250 mg).
for Example, mild iodine deficiency is observed in Tambov, Tula and Tyumen regions, Bashkortostan, Khakassia and Chuvashia, moderately heavy in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous district, the heavy deficit in the Republic of Tuva. In the whole country, the prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders among the urban population is 10-15% among rural – 13-35%.
For comparison, in Japan the average iodine intake is 800 micrograms, in Kazakhstan – 300 mcg.
Photo: ostock / Studio_Dagdagaz
due to the lack of iodine for specialized help annually receives over 1.5 million adults and 650 thousand children with diseases of the thyroid gland. “The annual cost for treatment and medico-social rehabilitation of patients with diseases of the thyroid gland associated with iodine deficiency, is more than 275 billion roubles that more than in 5 times exceeds cost of all activities for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of iodine deficiency disorders in the Russian Federation and 780 times more than the cost of the elimination of iodine deficiency disorders by universal iodization of salt” – calculated in the Ministry of health.
Where in salt added iodine?
Iodized salt actively sold in the USSR. In the mid-1980s was made more than 1 million tons of iodized salt per year, which completely covers the needs of the population. The health Ministry stressed that this helped to reduce the prevalence of endemic goiter and the complete disappearance of the most severe forms of iodine deficiency disorders, in particular of cretinism.
Now in 95 of the 130 countries where there was iodine deficiency, legislation on mandatory salt iodization. Among these countries USA, Canada, China, EEC and others.
a Spoon of salt in a barrel of iodine
Iodine is, undoubtedly, useful element. But for all the usefulness of iodized salt, there are nuances. First of all, they are associated with the production of certain products. Yes, bread enriched salt can be added, which confirms the President of the Russian Union of bakers Valery Cheshinsky. From the iodine taste of bread will not change.
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But the Manager of a major Russian confectionery factory Sergey Surmach not sure that iodised salt is suitable for cakes and pastries. “We have never used, only use ordinary table, says Cormac. – Began testing the addition of iodized salt in the manufacture of certain confectionery products. Can’t say what happens. I may have to change the recipe or to a minimum to limit the salt content in our products”.
absolutely does not fit the iodized salt in the manufacture of cheese. It makes little sense to add it in the production of sausages. Technologically it is possible, says the head of the Executive Committee of National meat Association Sergey Yushin, only practical use will be. “For the manufacturers proved that the enrichment of iodine can only be due to, for example, biologically assimilable form of iodine, which is applied to proteins of animal origin, e.g., casein. What’s the point of adding iodized salt, for example, canned goods are sterilized and stored for decades? The user will then, what number of iodine in these cans, in the same beef stew? He will not get anything. It is actually self-deception”, – assured the Deputy Director on scientific work of the all-Russian research Institute of meat industry. Gorbatov Anastasia Semenova. Iodine decayssmiling and strong heat treated products. And also it changes color and taste of the food, for example, sausage or cheese. Anastasia Semenov has reminded that in Soviet times, fans of pickles for the winter refused to use iodized salt. It can cause reactive reactions in jars with cucumbers, and they’ll simply explode.
In bread iodised salt can be added, the taste will not change, cheese – gone. Photo: EPA
“after several months of storage the iodized salt becomes a standard”, like everything else, head of the Department of business REU them. Plekhanov Dmitry Zavyalov.
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and There is another important aspect that should not be discounted. On the one hand, the Ministry of health wants to help the population to fill the shortage of iodine through salt, but on the other, calls massively reduce the consumption of salt. So, at the end of last year, the Ministry of health in accordance with the recommendations of the world health organization, the intake of salt in our country. And this is not more than 5 grams per day. Before I was allowed to use in the day to 11 grams. That is, consumption is reduced by half. According to doctors, this will help reduce the number of cardiovascular diseases among the Russians and prevent 1.7 million cases of premature death.
What to eat to get those 5 grams? According to the chief of Department of prevention of risk factors of the fgbi “Central scientific-research Institute of organization and Informatization of health” Ministry of health of Russia Daria Halturina, 5 grams is a teaspoon of salt, or 100 grams of salty cheese (e.g., Chechil), or 250 gramsthe scene of the sausage. The traditional bread of salt is not so much contained, so in order to get the daily requirement of salt, you need to eat almost a loaf.