the Epidemic of the coronavirus forced the Russian government to return to the question of the introduction of a progressive scale of tax on income of the population. Those whose earnings exceed 2-3 million rubles a year fiscal exemptions can grow from 13% to 15%, and the poorest people who get meager salaries, might not even have to pay taxes at all. Experts of “MK” has evaluated the prospects of introducing such a tax changes.
Russian officials went back to discuss the increased taxation of higher income individuals. So, considers the introduction of a progressive scale of tax on income of natural persons. According to leaks from the corridors of power, is assumed to increase fiscal collection of those with incomes more than 2-3 million rubles a year. The flat rate personal income tax rate of 13%, existing since 2001, is expected for the rich to be raised to 15%. Poorer and vulnerable people will be able to count on relief in the payment of personal income tax. Such proposals endorsed by the majority of deputies of the state Duma from different fractions. The government, according to the press service, such proposals do not consider. But the press Secretary of the President Dmitry Peskov evasively says that considered various measures, including tax. Your review of possible innovations given by experts of “MK”.
Nikita MASLENNIKOV, the adviser of Institute of modern development:
“Operation pit threads always brings a certain power structures “points”. Such ideas have long been picked up by the deputies and representatives of the bloc of the government. And those and others worried about the lack of funds for social obligations. To squeeze the “rich” who wrongly “getting fat” in the period of the coronavirus that is becoming increasingly difficult. And remove the additional taxes on the middle class, just choose to “people”, not worth of great work — they do not hide from taxes and represents the most vulnerable segment of the population.
we Must remember that the government promised not to change the tax system so the budget deficit in the coming months could in fact arise out of thin air. Secondly, there is no understanding of the interchangeability of the fiscal system: the increase in tax exemptions from the “rich” are unlikely to compensate for the reduction of withdrawals from the poorest. The new tax will hit the middle class, to promote the creation of which involves the state. This is unlikely to create a large income for the country, but crippled feet to the middle class.
Only enough of the funds that the state is going to collect from the rich, to compensate for the taxes previously charged to the poor who are struggling to keep their living wage? Earlier experiments show that “not worth powder and shot”. The result pandemiya coronavirus primaRNO equally their income have lost all the Russians, but in material terms the difference between rich and poor is almost not changed.”
Igor NIKOLAEV, doctor of economic Sciences
“At present, the chances of implementing the proposal, which has repeatedly arisen among the representatives of the government, has increased significantly. Many were convinced that a tax increase for the rich in an argument I’ll save for 2024. Of course most people like it. This is an indication that people in the country are poor. Everyone is happy when the rich will cannibalize. From a purely electoral point of view it is a win-win step. The question arises — why now? The answer is simple — the state did not have enough funds to close budget holes and to search for money on the side. NWF, apparently, already been spent on other projects. So I decided to scratch in this direction.
In principle, that’s right — a progressive scale of taxation should be. Russia personal income tax rate should not be multi — enough two bets: for people who earn significant amounts of cash, and for those who have barely enough to eat.
However, the state needs to collect additional funds from the earning population, and therefore reduced the threshold taxpayers who can bring the most profit. This will result into a certain discredit of tax innovation: the wealth of the richest little change — they still will find a way to evade taxes, and the income of the middle class, who just felt the opportunity anything does not deny, again it will sink to the bottom. The government pursues a fiscal objective, which in itself is correct. But its performance will testify of one: a better you would not undertake for such cases, because the result is likely to be the opposite of your intentions.”