about 100 people are homeless, 200 do not have their own apartment on the Basel-focused Figures are derived from the first scientific study on homelessness in Switzerland, which has given the Christoph Merian Stiftung (CMS) in order.
The study by the school of Social work the University of applied Sciences northwestern Switzerland (FHNW) deliver for the first time, information on the actual extent and the backgrounds of homeless and homelessness in Switzerland, the Basler CMS on the Thursday before the media. The topic had been neglected in Switzerland, by science, as yet, largely.
The study is based on field observations, statistics of the auxiliary institutions, as well as surveys of stakeholders and experts. About half of the 100 homeless people sleep outside, the other half of the remedies, with Overnight accommodation in emergency Accommodation or, more rarely, in the institutions of churches and mosques.
“Precarious, unhealthy” housing situations
The 200 or so other individuals (103 adults and 97 children) that do not have in Basel on a home of their own, according to the study, in the Shelter of the social assistance is in most cases significantly longer than a year or have found in friends and Relatives house. Not infrequently, the Affected “precarious to be exposed to injurious to health” living situations.
Among the victims, the study has identified many of the people in “multi-problem situations”, for example, unemployed people with family and health, specifically mental health problems. Just over half of the Affected has a foreign passport, many come from Eastern European countries.
The loss of the apartment is done only in very few single cases (with only three out of a total of 469 respondents) voluntarily, says the study. The root cause is in the majority of cases, for example, by the loss of the work triggered a process of Impoverishment, the lead quickly in a social downward spiral.
The customer’s CMS sees urgent need for action in the Basel urban housing and social policy: from a threshold-free supply of emergency Accommodation to an improved supply of affordable housing and increased measures in the fight against poverty.
In Zurich, there are no Numbers
in Switzerland it is the first in-depth study of the subject. So no comparisons with other Swiss cities, it was said at the media conference. The social Department of the city of Zurich, for example, confirmed on request, that the largest city in Switzerland and have no corresponding Numbers.
the authors of The Basel study see their work as a stimulus for the whole of Switzerland, data and background to gather information. A first step in this direction was the North-West will take a Swiss University for themselves: by the Swiss national science Foundation-funded comparative study on the homeless and homelessness in Basel and Bern, as well as in the Croatian cities of Split and Zagreb. (SDA)