Professor Valentin Voyno-Yasenetsky (aka St. Luke), the author of scientific works, which have become indispensable for many generations of doctors — known across the country. Serving undeserved punishment, he visited three links, did the surgery and sometimes in intolerable conditions, in parallel with this, many have preached and ministered in the Church.
get Acquainted with a difficult fate of St. Luke and the considered set of tools from the State historical Museum, which he used in Tambov.
Valentin Voyno-Yasenetsky was born in 1877 in Kerch in a noble family. His mother did a lot of charity work, and her child inherited a love of Orthodoxy. For some time his idol was Leo Tolstoy, he imitated his way of life — we went to the fields to work together with the peasants and was sleeping almost on the bare floor. Parents didn’t like it. Soon after he Voino-Yasenetsky was disappointed in the ideas of the graph-Plowman.
Another love future a prominent surgeon was painting. One step separated him from studying at the St. Petersburg Academy of arts — at the last moment he changed his mind. In 1898 Voyno-Yasenetsky enrolled in the medical faculty of Kiev University.
“the Ability to draw very thin and my love for the form of crossed in love for anatomy… Of a failed painter, I became an artist in anatomy and surgery,” he said.
After graduation, the young doctor worked in hospitals doing surgery. After some time he became the chief doctor of the hospital in Pereslavl-Zalessky. The conditions left much to be desired: no sewer, no running water, no electricity. But despite this, Valentin Felixovich was treated successfully. Most of all he was concerned with the question of how to ease the pain of the patient.
In 1908, a doctor at the time went to Moscow, enrolled in the external studies, he began to write his doctoral thesis on regional (local) anesthesia. He found nerve fibers connecting the operated area of the body with the brain. A few years later wrote the book “Regional anesthesia” with his own illustrations, and a few defended his doctorate on the topic of “Local anesthesia”.
these are turbulent 1917. Voino-Yasenetsky had not dealt with the whirlwind of changes, his career went uphill, he became the chief physician of the Tashkent city hospital. At the local University, he was offered to run a course of anatomy and surgery.
Not touched the change and faith Voyno-Yasenetsky. She remained steadfast even after the death of his wife from tuberculosis. Once Bishop innocent, seeing in it the capacity of priest, offered to consider this path. After a few days, Valentin Felixovich was ordained deacon and then priest.
On Sundays he was in Church, preached, communicated with parishioners. And on weekdays everything is so was treated, had surgery and doing science. In its operating, the surgeon put the icon and prayed before starting to work.
In 1923, Valentin stood at the head of the diocese. Soon he was tonsured as a monk, he received a new name — Luke. It was in may. And in early June his students-atheists to learn about it, staged a rally with a demand to dismiss Voyno-Yasenetsky. The leadership of the Tashkent University refused, and then Valentin F. wrote the statement himself. Soon after he was arrested, accused of espionage. So he went to his first exile — in Siberia in Turukhansk.
On the spot, after hearing of the brilliant career of doctor Voino-Yasenetsky allowed to continue the practice. Closed his eyes even as he continued to pray before operations. One day, however, tried to punish — was sent to winter on the coast of the Arctic ocean, in the cold of the settlement without a hint of civilization. However, in the Turukhansk this caused a wave of discontent, removed the only surgeon! The doctor had to return. In 1926 the link was over, he left for Tashkent.
at First, all was quiet: Bishop Luke went to serve in Kursk, then in Orel, Izhevsk, at the same time continued to treat people. The second time he was arrested in a fabricated case in 1930. Link lasted three years, the doctor worked in the hospitals of Arkhangelsk and Kotlas. Then he was summoned to Moscow, where he was again interrogated. The Bishop offered a deal: give him all that is necessary for his research, and he renounces his dignity. Luke refused.
the third time he was arrested during Stalin’s repressions. The interrogation was very cruel: Luke, already in poor health, had to sit for 13 days under the light bulb. Investigators have achieved: the Bishop acknowledged that he had participated in anti-Soviet conspiracy is just to stop the torture. In 1940 he again went to Siberia. In Krasnoyarsk region has allowed him to work as a surgeon.
Shortly before the third links to Bishop Luke at the time walked away from service in the Church to work on the work of his life — book “Sketches of purulent surgery”. He thoroughly studied as I could afford at the time, disease of the skin of the head, mouth, sensory organs. You need to consider: at that time was not of antibacterial drugs and the success of treatment depended on the surgeon.
“Essays” published in 1934. They became a Handbook for a whole generation of doctors. The authority of Voyno-Yasenetsky as a specialist was still very high: he had surgery former personal Secretary to Lenin, Nikolai Gorbunov. The operation was successful, a brilliant doctor applauded. And again offered a deal: all the conditions for the abandonment of dignity. Agreed by the Bishop at this time.
the Book has gone through four revisions. For her and for the work “Late of resection for infiziertdata gunshot wounds of the joints” the author in 1946 received the Stalin prize of the first degree — and this despite the fact that he has never in his life did not surrender to the Soviet authorities, demanding to abandon the faith. Moreover, he was the first priest to be awarded this prize. From reliance Voyno-Yasenetsky 200 rubles, it took only 70, and the rest gave to charity.
In 1941 the Saint Luke was in the village of Bolshaya Murta, near Krasnoyarsk in exile. The news of the outbreak of war was met by alarmed and even sent a party leader Mikhail Kalinin telegram.
At that time the Bishop was already 64 years old, but age did not stop him — he has helped many soldiers and officers of the red army. He was soon appointed chief surgeon of the Krasnoyarsk hospital No. 1515. Krasnoyarsk at that time was deep rear. Here at the military hospital trains had brought more than 130 thousand soldiers. 300 of one thousand beds was in the surgical Department. The Saint lived in the building of the hospital — as a political exile he had to check in several times a week in the local bodies of the NKVD.
For help in the treatment of the sick and wounded in 1943 he received the rank of Archbishop of Krasnoyarsk. At the end of 1945 he was awarded the medal “For valiant labor in the great Patriotic war of 1941-1945.”
In 1944, Krasnoyarsk hospital was transferred to Tambov. There settled, and Bishop. St Luke published medical and theological works, among them was the famous apology of “Spirit, soul and body.” He advised surgeons, speaking at the Congress of doctors. Often said that the surgeon should not be a “medical case”, but only a living, suffering person. Tambovchanka loved him, called “saints of the twentieth century”, “Warrior Yasenetsky”.
When the Professor Voyno-Yasenetsky just returned from Krasnoyarsk links, he didn’t even have their own medical instruments. Them he lent it to a colleague, hereditary Tambov surgeon. The set is approached by the Bishop: there was a very high-quality tools in 1910 made in Germany. For a long time they were kept in the Tambov regional local history Museum.
In 1946, the Bishop returned to his homeland, the Crimea. There he was appointed Archbishop of Simferopol. The older doctor had a heart condition, and he could no longer work as before. The most that St. Luke could do is give advice, and completely free. Local doctors, had heard of his skill, asked him for advice. In another 10 years Voyno-Yasenetsky lost his eyesight, but continued to serve in the Church.
the icons of Saint Luke is often depicted with a set of surgical tools lying nearby.
Surgical kit of St. Luke can be seen in the State historical Museum at the exhibition “Doctors in the great Patriotic war”, the opening of which is timed to the Day of medical worker.