The Hermitage Museum opened the hall of ancient Russian icons

Perhaps the main hero of the exhibition can be called the image of Nicholas the Wonderworker. He devoted one of the gems of the Hermitage collection – the icon of St. Nicholas (early XV century). The Saint blesses with his right hand and his left hand holds a closed gospel. The image of the figure and face allow you to associate the icon with Novgorod art monuments of the XI-XIII centuries. A round wooden sculpture of St. Nicholas of Mozhaisk, according to urban legend, was created by the inhabitants of Mozhaisk in memory of the miraculous apparition of the Saint during the defense of the enemy: not casually in the hand of the Holy – the piece of the sword.

Photo: iStock the Hermitage and Apple made a film-a walk through the Museum

the Most ancient icons in the exhibition belong to the early fourteenth century: the faces of the pictured saints (Christ Pantocrator, St. Peter, St. Nicholas and the prophet Elijah) is surprising not only unusual compositional solution, but look, expression entities.

In the last quarter of the XV century in Novgorod formed a special recension of the hagiographic icons. The so-called “clamy” – scenes of life of Saint or Savior usually been the canonical stability. The Novgorod icon painters – it is not so. For example, they significantly increase the number of brands due to the expansion of the “infant” period of Jesus: here we see not only the scene of Christmas and Epiphany, but also a rare episode of failure of the infant from mother’s milk on fast days.

Generally see the smallest details of those scenes that captured the ancient artist in the edification of the uneducated to their fellow citizens like to read the stories of those “series” that stirred the hearts and minds of our ancestors. And touches that the technology of the transmission of meaning, in essence, not much different from those of computer games that after a century will occupy the hearts and minds of descendants. Here is an icon depicting the last judgment. A trail of white dots, which leads from Rtraveler to the underworld, and makes you remember those Board games, doing what we. Throw a chip and go, overcome sins: pride, zloyazykie, avarice… Maybe meeting them will really help to move to another level?

I Must say that is looking at the smallest, fine detail became possible thanks to the unique showcases of the new generation, which are represented by icons. These monuments several decades were in the low-temperature storage with a constantly high level of humidity. Because they are sensitive to any, even minimal temperature changes vlazhnostnym, technology was used a two-stage stabilization and deep molecular air purification. Hermitage climatologists monitor the state of the climate in showcases around the clock, online. Such technologies have never before been applied across the entire exposure.

Photo: Sergey Nikolaev the Hermitage opened an exhibition of unique sculptures Klodt

a Special section of the exposition are the monuments that have preserved the name of the author. The undoubted masterpiece is recognized as “virgin of Kazan” the famous Royal painter Ushakov Seeds. The so-called “reportably style” in which it is made, is the attempt of the Russian icon closer to the European Renaissance painting. And the icon “John the Theologian in silence” is the only known signature work Kulukina Nektarios, the talented painter of the Kirillo-Belozersky monastery. It is believed that Nektarios wrote this icon to the Church of the village nenoksa of Arkhangelsk province, a native who was himself. And he created the icon “recover your soul”. It is impossible not to believe when you gaze into the face of John – tensioned face of the thinker.

There exposure and elements of the architecturalof Keturah temples. A true masterpiece – Gilded the Royal doors of the beginning of the 1680-ies. The finest wood carving, jewelry gold-plating… This wonderful artifact entered the collection of the Museum in 1944, after a temporary exhibition of monuments of history and culture, remaining at the Hermitage after the blockade.