a Team of archaeologists from the universities of Cambridge and Ghent made the first complete map of the ancient Roman city of Falerii Novi (Falerii Novi) in Italy, using only the most advanced scanning technology and without resorting to excavations.
the discovery is reported on the website of the University of Cambridge. New technology has allowed to reveal amazing detail, although the city remains deep underground. The researchers used ground-penetrating radar, which allows you to “Shine through” the earth and determine the shape of the under surface objects.
this technology has been used for several years, but it was first applied to create a plan for the whole city. So, archaeologists discovered a complex of baths, markets, temples and even a city network of water pipes. It was also discovered kind of public building whose purpose is still uncertain.
the GPR images will help to study the history of the city, how it has evolved over hundreds of years. Falerii the city of Novi is well known in historical written sources. It was located 50 km North of Rome. It is believed that this city was founded around the year 241 BC, and ceased to exist about 700 BC.
the Area of settlement was 30,5 hectare. Scientists have fully investigated this site, making a measurement every 12.5 cm at different depths. GPR painted image, fixing the echo Bouncing off the walls. The study has questioned some preconceived ideas about Roman urban development.
So, the layout of Falerii Novi was not standardized, as in other well-studied cities. For example, this settlement was not similar to Pompeii. In addition, the buildings of the temple, the market and baths proved to be more complex in its architecture than one might expect in such a small town.
In the South, just outside the town wall ground-penetrating radar found a large rectangular building. It was connected to the aqueduct water pipes. By the way, a similar pipe was discovered most of the city streets. In terms of the structure, the archaeologists assumed that it was the natatio, the outdoor pool, which was part of a very large public bathing complex.
Near the North gate, the team found a couple of large structures, standing facing each other in the portico – covered passage with a row of columns. It was probably some impressive monument, probably religious, which adorned the outskirts of the city.
“an Amazing level of detail that we have achieved in Falerii Novi, and amazing features of the GPR suggests that this type of shooting in General can change the ways in which archaeologists explore the city,” said Professor Martin Millett.
the full study is published in the journal Antiquity.