the Trend is typical for other subjects. For example, last summer the Khabarovsk regional deputies have calculated that in seven years, the local authorities abolished 79 specially protected natural territories, and made a total of 18. However, here we are talking about protected areas of local importance. Their area decreased by 117 thousand hectares. Recollecting himself parliamentarians to urgently change the legislation, and local authorities lost the opportunity to eliminate the protected objects without a special reason.

In the neighboring Primorye protected areas of regional significance, on the contrary, was kept to the last. By the middle of 2019 in the region, there were more than 200. Many have lost their environmental, scientific or recreational value. And the status of the saved. Natural monument “Mulberry grove” in the Oktyabrsky district was, and mulberry trees in it were frozen. “Sinelnikovo spring” was listed in the registry, but the source has dried up. A year ago, the deputies of the regional legislative Assembly adopted amendments to the law allowing the regional government to abolish the PAS or modify their boundaries. To hide that there were purely economic reasons for the changes in the law, no one.

About 70 percent of the territory of the settlement Volchanets, and passing near the road Vladivostok – Nakhodka – Vostochny port fall under a protected zone of the monument of nature “Bay East”. This status makes it virtually impossible the development of the settlement. Have problems and families of the Findings that have identified land within the boundaries of this monument of nature. The plots fail to provide the engineering services, where it is impossible to navigate the roads, – said the Deputy Vsevolod Romanov.

But the search for a balance between economic and environmental interests is not easy. And it often happens that the business can understand. Only in the North of Sakhalin quarry of building stone, on the one hand, have the basic permits, on the other – was in the reserve, where the facilities for the development of mineral deposits is forbidden. Some question the very validity and existence of specially protected territory. In Sakhalin TOR “Mountain air” ecologists have discovered large-scale logging within the boundaries of the natural monument “Kardiokrinum (Lily) Glen”. Scandal. While some of the specialists argues that the PA does not make sense – 13.3 hectare found only 86 instances of kardiokrinum. But beyond an average density of only flowering plants several times more.

“RG” asked the experts whether the reduction in the area of specially protected territories in the Sakhalin region. The opinions were divided.


Nicholas Sugaipov, honored ecologist of the Russian Federation:

– For the history of Sakhalin region only 1.7 percent of its territ��RII was developed for economic use. 98.3 per cent remain natural ecological system. The status of protected areas made more than ten per cent of the land. And the dowry, in my opinion, in General, unreasonable. For example, in the absence of objective information, that the number of certain species of plants and animals has declined dramatically and they are in danger of disappearance, we have established 11 regional natural biological reserves. Seven of them appeared by elementary manipulations. Eighteen years ago the regional administration has abrogated the decisions of Mahablipuram on the formation of seven regional game reserves. By the way, one of them, due to the expiration of five years no longer existed. But then “in order to further the conservation and rational use of fauna objects and their habitats” the authorities have turned these seven former game reserves in natural biological reserves. That is specialised territory rather narrow purpose suddenly became somehow places for the preservation and reproduction of everything, from plants to objects of hunting (brown bear, Fox, grouse). Newborns protected areas with pointless features now we are registered as national heritage sites.

Maxim Kozlov, the President of the Association of the fishing enterprises of Sakhalin region:

– we Have quite a lot of especially protected natural territories of regional and Federal importance. Protected areas are necessary: they provide the conditions to sustain populations of all species of flora and fauna. But some of them created in the USSR, in my opinion, we need to reassess. For example, the development of the Kuril Islands significantly constrain the sanctuary and reserve. After all, where people live, it is necessary to provide the infrastructure to make the road. But even garbage disposal in the territory of the Kuril Islands is practically impossible. There is simply no land, where it can be arranged – a complete Spa. Another example. Allocated funding for the construction of the road. There is a quarry where it is possible to produce a building material, and to develop it not: it is especially protected territory. Great difficulties faced by the fishermen. This year the Ministry of nature of Russia, previously allowed the production of scallops and sea urchin in the Small Kurils reserve, refused to fishers, seriously undermining the economies of small and medium enterprises. It turns out: we limit economic activity, giving the opportunity to develop their own areas where people live.


Dmitry Lisitsyn, the head of public organization “Ecological watch of Sakhalin”:

– to Lobby for the reduction of protected areas in our region with its unique conditions, with full-timeü a large number of factors of negative influence on environment is barbaric. Now economic development on the island is in full swing. Build the pipelines, roads, develop a career, develop agriculture, chop wood, catch fish in huge quantities. But the protected area only reduced. For example, not created any protected areas to preserve the population of Sakhalin taimen, listed in the Red book of Russia. Once this relict species of salmon (age of dinosaurs) were found on Sakhalin everywhere. Now he disappears. We have a prevailing view: nature protection hinders economic development. In fact, he can interfere only poor management. Further. Built on the South of the island a huge pig farm poisons unique Aniva Bay and the air in nearby towns. So what is development? For the sake of destruction Bay? Discussed large-scale plans for the construction of the bridge to the island and the port. But the giant construction site will cause more damage to our nature. Is it possible to continue to reduce protected areas? And we must not forget that on Sakhalin there are renewable resources (fish, to some extent, forest), which under the efficient and careful use can ensure sustainable long-term economic development.

Alexander Bolotnikov, Deputy Chairman of the Committee of the Sakhalin regional Duma on social policy:

– unfortunately, not always the Executive government is ready to cooperate with the representative in respect of specially protected natural territories. At the time, was a Federal law governing the creation and abolishment of protected areas. According to him, such changes occurred only after the adoption of the Federation law. Now, to appeared or disappeared protected area, only need a decision or decree of the Governor. It’s not normal. The Sakhalin deputies intend to leave the initiative to change the legal norms. It is essential that all actions in respect of protected areas occurred only with the consent of regional Parliament. Unfortunately, the Executive branch may not be aware of potential environmental problems, if possible economic transformation. This happens on Sakhalin with TOR “Mountain air”. There is construction work carried out, not considering that in this area grow red plants. Such examples are many. Entrepreneurs do not have enough land for the development of production? But business will always complain that someone is hurting. Protected areas are needed. Another question – how many and where they need to create? It should be discussed – but not between the fisherman and the official. To participate to all interested: Exec��obligations, deputies, business, and Executive.