fish is Praised as a food are always in demand: as a healthy Alternative to pork steaks and chicken thighs, fish is more and more people are regularly on the menu. The consumption of fish passed in the year 2014, for the first time the mark of 20 kilograms per head and year. Switzerland and the EU exceed this global average, We eat 22 kg of fish per capita and year. Not only the amount of per capita rises, but also the share of fish in total meat consumption. In 1949, fish accounted for 12 percent. Today, the share is 17 percent.

That fish is so popular is due to decades of Marketing. The Billo Heinzpeter Studer, President of the Association Fair-fish International, an Organisation working for the welfare of fish in aquaculture says. “The fishing industry has the consumer a massive boost. You wanted to generate new sales markets,” says Studer. With the invention of the fish stick 1955 was the.

the rising to stand boost the consumption of fish, says Dirk Zeller, a marine biologist at the University of Western Australia: means “prosperity, that you buy more expensive food. This includes, for example, the trendy Sushi.” breast-feeding

the global appetite for fish, to incredible seas 4.6 million fishing boats across the world. Per year 80 million tonnes of fish on Deck. That’s the equivalent of the cargo of a freight train that goes half way around the World. This does not include the bycatch of fish and other animals that are not eaten is to be expected – these will be thrown overboard: Seven million tons of pointless fish are so every year, on the high seas, to waste. From the lakes every year, pulled in 12 million tons of fish. to count

fish that is impossible for

come from the “State of the world fisheries”report, the food and agriculture organization of the United Nations (FAO), published on a regular basis. However, the information is very inaccurate, it says, among other things, Dirk Zeller. “The data and ignore the fishermen, the catches of small-scale fishermen and Hobby. Likewise, illegal fish on diving catches, as well as a part of the Bycatch in the statistics.”

The marine biologist doing research in a Team that reconstructed in the framework of the research initiative “Sea Around Us” which actually catches statistically. His results, extending show. The largest amounts were in the year 1996 captive – 130 million tons of sea fish. Since then, the catches to the annual 1.2 million tons. If the Trend continues, the annual catch amounts up to the year 2050 at only 60 million tonnes, which is far below what is currently


How large are the stocks are today, consumed no one knows exactly. Include “fish in the sea is impossible,” says marine biologist Jason Hall-Spencer of Plymouth University in the UK. “The swim freely in the sea, where we can’t see them. We can only make estimates.” Statistical data from the North Atlantic show that it has reduced the biomass of the large fish in the last hundred years by a factor of nine. That is, since the beginning of the 20th century. Century, fish stocks have plummeted by around 90 percent. “That means that the fish is simple,” says Zeller.

fish is delicious and healthy. But the seas are over-fished, increasingly, and the stocks shrink. What fish is allowed on our table?

Here,

read more subsidies and bustle, Overfishing

“The stocks haven’t fallen so far today that the fishing is profitable, actually,” says Billo Heinzpeter Studer, from the Association Fair-fish International. “The fishermen are not out to get with the proceeds from their catches often once more the price for the fuel of the boat.”

in order for the industrial fisheries expects to still support the authorities, the fishermen worldwide, 35 billion Swiss francs. Thus, according to the UN, are already 20 percent of the fish at the counter from the taxpayers paid for.

How does this mechanism explains Michael Melnychuk, fisheries expert at the University of Washington: to catch When the cost of the fish is higher than the revenues from the sale of the fish, then there is a market economy, no reason to go fishing, he says. “Would you leave the fishing to the free market, he would reduce.” But if the governments reduce, for example, the price of fuel for fishing boats is reduced the cost. Result: fishermen catch more with the help of the state and bring the fish stocks to collapse.

The fishing left to the market, would ease the pressure on the oceans. But to the sea fishing forty million Jobs hang in the world. That’s why governments have a hard time to remove subsidies. “Many subsidies have grown historically”, says Dirk Zeller of the University of Western Australia. “Once you are there, then it is difficult to do away with them. In addition, the fishing industry has a powerful Lobby, and politicians are all too willing to help to the fishermen. You can secure their votes.”

The subsidies not only have a catastrophic impact on the fish stocks, they also promote fleets pointless investment in the Fishing. “The global fishing fleet is now double the size, as you would for an efficient fishery are necessary,” says Zeller. In addition, most of the subsidies flow in the industrial fisheries in the rich, industrialised Nations and not to the small-scale fishermen in developing countries, whose existence and livelihoods of the food depends from the sea. “Fishermen in developing countries are not at a disadvantage, because their governments have the financial resources to industrialized countries to keep up,” notes a report by the European Parliament. Small-scale fishers can be pushed out of the large fleets out of business. But the small-scale fisheries has 24 times as many people as the industrial fisheries, says Studer, Fair-fish International. “The subsidisation of the industrial fishing that promotes not jobs, but their destruction,” he says. “A fisherman in Senegal, told me how he was able to catch as a Boy in the 1960s, the fish with a net on the beach. Today, he begins, not even a little, if he goes with the boat on the open sea.”

scientists call for fishing stop

The biggest Problem for the fish populations the number of animals, but the changing age structure is, however, not change. “For most fished species the ancient and most fertile of the fish were removed,” says Australian marine biologist Dirk Zeller. But the old females are needed for the maintenance of a Population extremely important. Because they not only produce much more eggs than the young, but also eggs of better quality.

The fish need protected areas where they can breed undisturbed, the experts agree. It seas a large need in all the world’s protected areas, where fishing is prohibited. Currently, waters of the United Kingdom, for example, in the territories of less than one percent is protected. Worldwide, the share of the permanent fisheries blocked protection of areas for even only one in a thousand. “The Size of the protected areas should be at least 20 percent of the sea surface,” says Hall-Spencer. These areas to breeding sites, in which the old females mass-produce offspring, and so the stocks at a high level. The establishment of such protection a long, long, political process is, however. Therefore, scientists call for a stop and a Catch. Some years no fish would be enough, says Dirk Zeller, in order to stabilise the stocks.

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