Daniil Kharms (Yuvachev)
Fans of the poet and writer Daniil Kharms the exact place of his burial. The researchers are now confident that the writer buried in two mass graves at Piskarevsky – number 9 or 23.
the Search for the tomb of oberiut 2016 was done by members of the organizing Committee of the prize named harms. Initially it was assumed that the poet could have buried one of the three cemeteries Seraphim, Theological or Piskarevsky. But, having studied the documents in the archives, the researchers found that from the area Arsenal street, the dead were taken out precisely on Piskarevsky.
“I just had to find the mass grave where buried Daniil Kharms, – said “Fontanka.ru” the initiator of the investigation, the founder of the name Kharms, Alexander Mars. For this we turned to the archives of the cemetery. Here, we reported that in early February 1942 burial was made in the sector of mass graves No. 9 and 23. The exact place, unfortunately, is not to know.”
“But we will continue to work in this direction. It is not excluded that the desired information is found, for example, in the papers about the pay gravediggers. To study the circumstances of the burial of Kharms joined his grandniece. It is hoped that she, as a relative of the poet will be able to learn more,” said Mars.
In 2016, the researchers found that harms was buried at Piskarevskoye cemetery. Through the archives we found out the exact place of burial.https://t.co/J6ebISczx5
— “Paper” (@paperpaper_ru) February 4, 2020
February 2, members of the prize Committee, harms staged at Piskarevsky share the memory of the writer. At the mass grave N9 appeared a small stele with a portrait of the author and inscription in Latin “Here lies the harms”. However, a makeshift memorial was soon removed. Will there be a memorial sign in honor of the writer on a permanent basis is not reported.
Daniil Kharms (Yuvachev) was born 30 Dec 1905 in St. Petersburg. As a professional poet Kharms entered the literature in the mid 1920’s, when some of his verses appeared in almanacs.
harms was one of the founders of the literary group OBERIU (Association of real art). Harms read his works at meetings with the public, his poems and stories were spread in manuscripts. In 1930, the activities of the OBERIU as “enterprises formalists” was banned.
Samuel Marshak, highly appreciating the talent harms, drew him to work in children’s literature. In 1928 Kharms published poetry for children in magazines “Siskin” and “Hedgehog”. Emerged as a few of his children’s books, including such works as “Ivan Ivanovich Samovar”, “Game” and “Million”.
In 1931, Kharms and the oberiuty a number were arrested on charges of involvement in “anti-Soviet group of writers”. He was sentenced to three years imprisonment, and the sentence was mentioned “concentration camp”. Later the sentence was commuted to exile to Kursk.
After the return from exile, Kharms continued to write, but to publish, he managed only children’s books. In 1937, Marshak created a children’s publishing house in Leningrad was destroyed, many authors and staff arrested. Kharms was arrested in August 1941, denounced friend of Anna Akhmatova and many years agent of the NKVD Antonina Orangeraie. He was accused of spreading slanderous and defeatist attitude. To avoid execution, the writer feigned madness, and was identified in a psychiatric hospital.
He died of starvation in the psychiatric ward of a prison hospital “ToResto” Arsenalnaya embankment, 7, in February 1942.
In 1956, Kharms was rehabilitated. When the poet’s life was published only two of his “adult” poems. Since the late 1960s, his works were published in the USSR as humorous. However, most of the texts went in samizdat and were published abroad. On the influence of the writer on alternative culture and literature spoke only at the end of the twentieth century. In particular, his influence can be traced in the works of Boris Grebenshchikov and Viktor Pelevin.