The inflation rate in Germany is expected to rise to ten percent in September. This was announced by the Federal Statistical Office on Thursday.

Inflation in Germany has jumped to its highest level in about 70 years. Driven by rising energy and food prices, consumer prices in September rose by 10.0 percent compared to the same month last year, as the Federal Statistical Office announced on Thursday in an initial estimate. In August, an increase of 7.9 percent was recorded. Economists also expect double-digit inflation rates in the coming months.

Inflation rates at the current level have never existed in reunified Germany. In the old federal states, rates of 10 percent and more were measured in the early 1950s, but the calculation method has changed over time.

Higher inflation rates reduce the purchasing power of consumers, who can afford less for one euro. People’s financial leeway is shrinking. According to a survey by the German Retail Association (HDE), 60 percent of consumers are already restricting themselves when shopping. For the coming months, 76 percent of those surveyed are preparing to shop more sparingly.

“Many households are currently being forced to spend significantly more money on energy or set aside for significantly higher heating bills. Accordingly, they have to save on other expenses, such as new purchases,” explained Rolf Bürkl, an expert at the Nuremberg consumer researcher GfK recently. This has consequences for Europe’s largest economy, because private consumption is an important pillar of the economy.

Energy and food have been the biggest price drivers for months. The Russian attack on Ukraine and supply bottlenecks have exacerbated the already tense situation. In September, energy cost 43.9 percent more than a year earlier, and food prices rose by 18.7 percent.

“Inflation in Germany is still largely driven by energy prices. A gas price cap could ease inflation somewhat in the short term. However, things will only really get better if the transport capacities for liquid gas can be rapidly expanded in the coming year. For the coming months it will also be decisive whether private households react to the high prices and reduce their winter consumption compared to previous years. Ulrich Kater, chief economist at DekaBank, the double-digit value.

“Since the massive increase in energy prices has by no means fully reached private households and many companies have not yet fully passed on their higher energy costs to their customers, prices should continue to rise sharply in the coming months and the inflation rate should be around 10% fluctuate”, analyzes Dr. Ralph Solveen from Commerzbank.

Compared to August, consumer prices in September rose by a total of 1.9 percent.

The fuel discount introduced by the federal government and the 9-euro ticket for local public transport have provided some relief in recent months. Both measures expired at the end of August. The federal government is planning further relief. For example, pensioners, students and trainees are to receive a one-off energy price lump sum. The child benefit is to be increased at the beginning of the year. The federal government wants to dampen the rising gas prices with a gas price brake.

Measures are also being discussed at European Union level. On Friday, the EU ministers responsible for energy will hold a special meeting in Brussels.

The European Central Bank (ECB), which after a long period of hesitation is fighting the record high inflation with higher interest rates, is aiming for medium-term price stability in the euro area at two percent inflation. According to the latest data, inflation in the common currency area reached a record high in August. Compared to the same month last year, consumer prices increased by 9.1 percent, as recently reported by the statistics office Eurostat. It is the highest rate since the euro was introduced as book money in 1999.

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