Extremely expensive collection of Dead sea scrolls owned by the Museum of the Bible in Washington, was a collection of fakes. Such a verdict is rendered experts by carefully studying the manuscripts.
Recall that the Dead sea scrolls or the Qumran manuscripts is a parchment discovered in the caves on the coast of the said sea. They are made in III-I centuries BC and contain religious texts, mostly fragments of the old Testament. The first find of this kind was made in 1947. Since then, archaeologists have discovered many such scrolls.
These artifacts will be invaluable to historians and religious point of view. Therefore, museums and collectors are willing to pay for them a lot of money. Of course, this did not fail to take advantage of crooks. As was shown in previous studies, at least some fragments are detected late 2002 represent a clever forgery.
So the Museum of the Bible has ordered the examination of his collection, which, according to some, cost him millions of dollars.
In 2018, it was established that at least five of these fragments rigged. Now, researchers have finally broken the hopes for the authenticity of the artifacts.
through extensive examination, the scientists concluded that all 16 of the studied fragments produced in the twentieth century. The counterfeiters diligently imitated their antiquity. They used the parchment of the right age. To make the artifacts distinctive gloss, the scammers used a glue of animal origin. In some products been added the necessary minerals to rig natural sediments that have accumulated over the centuries. Gave also “great schemer”, in particular, modern ink.
Details for experts set forth in the 212-page report, available as a PDF file.
By the way, earlier “Conduct.Science” (nauka.vesti.ru) wrote about how for the first time in 60 years found another cave, in place ofI the Qumran manuscripts.