The Convention, more than 5,000 animals and 30,000 species of plants, either by complete trade bans (listing on Annex 1) or by Monitoring the species to ensure that their Survival is not compromised by the commercial use (Annex 2) to be able to protect already.

The species protection conference has drawn to a conclusion of their consultations in Geneva to a positive conclusion. It is an impressive list, had been adopted, the dozens of endangered animal and plant species better in the future going to protect..

The most important decisions:

ivory trade is forbidden

The Zambia, Botswana, Namibia, and Zimbabwe applied for softening of nearly 30 years of banned trade in Ivory was rejected. Rather, the Cites States called on all countries to close their markets for trade in Ivory. Legal trading, please make the poaching, is the Argument. According to estimates by the world conservation Union (IUCN) has decreased the number of African elephants from 1.3 million in 1980 to 415’000 to plus/minus 20’000 – in 2015.

mammoths are not an endangered species

The extinct mammoth is not on the Cites appendices. Due to the Arctic melt, more and more mammoth-diving teeth on shock-in Canada and Russia. Israel had requested the listing with the Argument that smugglers could illegally spend procured ivory from elephants as non-regulated mammoth tusks, but failed with the application.

Rhino horn trade is forbidden

for more than 40 years, forbidden to trade with the Horn of the wide mouth Rhino remains. The eswatini (formerly Swaziland) wanted to sell his stocks and the renewable Horn of his 66 rhinos commercially are allowed to use. The application was rejected. The rhinos of Namibia remain, contrary to the request of the government striktestem protection on Annex 1. No sale is allowed.

regulation of trade with giraffes

for the First time, the international trade in meat, leather and hunting trophies, or the shipment of the animals to Zoos and Circuses of giraffes regulated. The giraffes came to the Annex 2 of the Convention. So that trade is only possible, if the exporting country can prove that the stocks are not endangered as a result. The giraffe are stocks, according to estimates in the past 30 years by up to 40 percent to around 100’000 animals decreased.

sharks and rays

protected To the 20 already listed shark and ray species are rays, a further 18 types of Makohaien and Guitar. They are coveted for their fins in China, and according to the world conservation Union (IUCN), as endangered. You come to Annex 2. The application was controversial. New Zealand and others argued that there were millions of Makohaien in the world’s oceans. Thus, the species may be fished only when their Survival is not jeopardised. Also, some eels, sea cucumbers and seahorses include the residents of the now better-protected sea.

Stricter rules on exotic Pets

The trade with various types of Geckos, bearded dragons, spiders, and other exotic small animals kept in Europe as Pets, will be monitored or prohibited. Most of the animals are threatened in their home countries with extinction, but trade was yet barely regulated. Once out of the country, smuggled in they could be sold freely. Now, many species on Annex 1 are listed with a complete ban on the sale or Annex 2, with a monitored trade.

Scented African tree giant is better listed

protected by The aromatic fragrance of the end, and because of deforestation, strongly decimated African cedar (Widdringtonia whytei) was also to Annex 2. The tree grows mainly in Malawi, and is up to 40 meters high.

Also the Mukula tree (Pterocarpus tinctorius) should be better protected. The reddish tone of the wood from the dry forests in the southern and Eastern Africa is decimated popular in China, and strong. The Botanical genus name means “winged fruit”, which comes from the unusual shape of the pulses.

a Lack of resources for Surveillance in huge areas and corruption in Africa, South America and Asia, deforestation in the forests. Several hundred wood species are already listed on the Annex 2 of the agreement, including mahogany and African Teak (Afrormosia). Internationally may be traded only if the country can prove that the logging threatens the Survival of the species. The EU has strict rules for the import of Wood in the Annex 2.

What is on the list 1?

There are still a of Annex 1 of the Cites Convention. The fact that is not traded may be, including in the wood sector about the rosewood species Dalbergia nigra. Entries on the Cites appendices to be effective, the nature protection organization Robin Wood. Guatemala have set up with Cites assistance for sustainable forest management, protected areas, and thus the rate of Deforestation is stopped.

WWF species protection conference, critical

evaluated The nature and environmental organisation WWF said the conference is a mixed testimony. Especially sea animals, and less well-known species, including over 30 species of reptiles had been placed under stronger protection against overexploitation. At the same time, but in the implementation of trade prohibited opportunities had been missed, how to fight, for example, the elephant poaching stronger, informed the WWF.

much cheaper, the organization Pro Wildlife evaluated the results. For the 142 animal species and 20 plant species better protection had been decided. “The international protection of species has been enhanced with this conference is strong,” said Daniela Freyer of Pro Wildlife. The next species protection conference will take place in 2022 in Costa Rica. (SDA)