Whether in the Alpine Hut or at home: Älplermagronen are many Swiss on the dining plan. But maybe not for long.
water scarcity, rising temperatures and severe weather threaten our current dining plan. The environmental Alliance of Switzerland claims in any case, a merger of the largest environmental organizations in the country. She has analysed how climate change is affecting the menu of classic Alpine macaroni, corn salad and chocolate mousse.
fact: We’ll probably have to stock up with other food. But what do we eat then? Based on the study, the star chef Markus Burkhard (36) has cooked up an alternative Swiss menu in the future.
artichokes instead of corn salad, The corn salad is threatened, mainly due to the scarcity of water and the temperature extremes. In the Experiment, the chef replaced the salad with artichokes (1). Thanks to the rising temperatures, these can be grown better.Less fertile Land and lack of water make meat production more difficult. The bacon is replaced by mushroom Shiitake (2). But Vegetarian is anyway in.The eggs replaced Burkhard by Silken tofu (3), because the soybean production is affected by climate change less. This sun flower leaves and cores (4)
The Swiss farmers ‘ Association denies that climate change has a direct impact on the food. “It is not so that the water is too scarce for the Salad crops,” says media spokeswoman Sandra Helfenstein (41). Climate change will lead to a water distribution problem: “In hotter summers, the farmers need more irrigation, which increases production costs.” For the corn salad, the heat is poison: In the last summer burned many farmers harvest their crops.
millet instead of Älpermagronen dough no future in the Älplermagronen and more. Because the wheat quality drops, there are problems in the processing to bread and pasta. The chef replaces it with millet (1), and soy flour.Our local potatoes are threatened by pests, the floors dry out faster at higher temperatures. Sweet potatoes (2) apply.Animal products such as cream and bacon you will not find on the plate. The chef exchanged the bacon with oyster mushrooms (3), instead of cream, there is a tree-nut Sauce (4).
Actually, the farmers are already experimenting with new wheat varieties. “For animal feeding, the farmers rely on increased millet species or alfalfa, can cope with the drought better,” says Helfenstein. This also includes new types of cereals are grown. In 2018, the onion harvest was very low, the demand could only be met by imports.
tigernuts instead of chocolate Because cocoa plants are vulnerable and prone to diseases, threatening the harvest. Tiger nuts (1) replace the Dessert. Because chocolate (2) will be more expensive, raffelt, the chef, the luxury only a wafer-thin on the foam.The cream is replaced by Agar-Agar (3). Vegan chefs use a vegetable gelatin today.
“climate change also affects the cultivation of cocoa. There are many factors such as temperature fluctuations or drought-challenges for the cocoa farmers represent,” says Urs Furrer (46), Director of Chocosuisse. Climate change could also lead to the fact that in areas where coffee was cultivated, new cocoa can be planted.
No more beer for droughts and heat waves threaten barley production. Similar to cocoa, but it could be in warmer places new barley grown. But that is not enough, the global decline. Thus less beer is brewed.
For Marcel Kreber (49) from the Swiss brewery Association to assess the consequences still difficult. “But the fact is that the hot months can have an impact on the growth and harvesting of raw materials.” Kreber is optimistic that technological solutions and research to compensate for the poorer growing conditions. But already in the beginning of the year the price of beer rose, because the raw materials were more expensive.
technology has its limits
“The Whole thing is based on model calculations, but if it really is two degrees warmer by 2050, then such drastic change are very likely to be,” says Adrian Müller (47) from the research Institute of organic agriculture (FiBL), carried out the study. Hope in technology and Innovation has also he. “We have already made great progress in breeding. But somewhere, it has its limits.”
Also Müller says that his results mean that never lands on the plate of what we eat today on a daily basis. Many of the food do not die out, but are more expensive. “The prosperous Switzerland may suffer this to a lesser extent, as long as we have enough money to be able to on the world market shopping. However, in other countries, it is critical.”