Archaeologists of the Russian Academy of Sciences was restored artifacts of the medieval Russia. Among them are fragments of a copper bracelet and a bronze mirror with the inscription in Arabic, as well as bronze trim on clothing in the form of two wolves looking at each other.
household Items XIV–XVI centuries found in 2015 on the territory of the Park “Zaryadye” under fragments three tiers of wooden bridge. Scientists have established that it is part of the great streets, which in the XII–XVI centuries passed from the Kremlin to the banks of the Moscow river- there was a shopping Wharf. It is noteworthy that medieval artifacts found near the former Mytnaya yard. So in those days was called the customs area where imported goods took a toll — strangles.
All archaeologists resulted in the order of dozens of household items XIV–XVI centuries. They belong to the heyday of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. At that time it was still under the rule of the Golden Horde, however, its power is already significantly weakened. But in 1480 the Russian land did not achieve full independence from the Mongol-Tatar state.
Also, experts have put in order the pectoral copper icon of St. Nicholas. She’s small — only two to three centimeters. Another found religious artifact that was restored by the archaeologists, a bronze cross with the crucifix.
Also interesting are the found fragments of the Golden Horde ceramic vessel with stamped ornamentation. Such vessels in Moscow is not produced. Most likely the item belonged to someone who visited the Volga region — there were the Golden city, or the representative of the Mongol state.
“In 2015, finds in the Park “Zaryadye” became a true archaeological sensation. Under the remains of a wooden bridge experts have discovered about 350 household items XIII–XV centuries. The most significant discovery was a birch-bark scroll of the XIV century. Its experts have studied from. She is now on conservation. Other artifacts, archaeologists are put in order and examined gradually, so their restoration is a painstaking and long process,” — said Alexey Emelyanov.
thus, the scientific restoration of objects of everyday life XIV–XV centuries, took more than one month. Specialists cleanse them from corrosion and multiple contaminants with the help of special solutions. The artifacts give the Museum of Moscow or in the Moscow Kremlin Museums. In the future they can become part of their exposure.
Archaeologists periodically find objects that keep the memory of the life of Moscow and its inhabitants. Experts are studying their condition and determine value, then decide how to save them.
So, this summer on the territory of the Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative areas experts have found thousands of artifacts XIV–XIX centuries. Household items, with��unit which crucifix, pieces of jewelry, horse harness, as well as coins of the Golden Horde, was discovered on the banks of the river a Small Pine on the South-Western outskirts of the village of Kommunarka.
At the end of 2019, during excavations on the territory of the former orphanage on Moskvoretskaya embankment archaeologists have discovered more than 900 vintage and household items. This is a copper crucifix, rings-signets, coins, pipes, buttons, buckles for belts, elements of horse harness, glass beads, iron knives and nails, lead bullets and other artifacts of XII–XIX centuries. In addition, was found a unique series of fragments of moulded ceramic vessel with pit ornamentation. The artifacts belong to the late phase of the Neolithic lalowski culture (IV–III Millennium BC). They may indicate the existence of an ancient camp sites of the fishermen on the banks of the Moscow river.
photos courtesy of Andrey Bronnikov