because Of the warm weather towards the end of the first decade of March has already broken out of the ice in the upper reaches of the Volga, lower Volga, Oka, don, Upper Dnieper, Western Dvina and their tributaries. On some rivers in the Asian part of the country (the Ob, Irtysh, Tobol), this process will begin in early April. Most of the rivers of Russia the maximum flood this year is expected close to normal or below long-term average. But not everywhere.
In Pomerania because of the warm winter there was a threat of the strong flood
Despite the temperature records, winter with little snow was only in Moscow and the surrounding areas. In the North, in Siberia, the Urals, the far East, even though the temperature was above normal but wasn’t positive. Roshydromet has compiled a list of cities and towns, the coastal area which can be flooded during the peak periods of spring flooding when the snow begins to rapidly melt and replenish the river.
List of settlements in which the possible spring flooding is extensive. In it, in particular, are settlements of Tikhvin, Tosno, Lyuban ‘(Leningrad oblast); Great Novgorod (Novgorod region); Kirov and settlements located in the basin of the Vyatka river in the Kirov region; the settlements on the river Northern Dvina in the formation of ice jams: the city of Arkhangelsk, Krasavino, S. Kholmogory, D. Telegono, S. Emeck, S. Kuzomen ‘(Arkhangelsk oblast), Naryan-Mar, s. Ust ‘ -Kozhva, C. Ermini (Nenets Autonomous Okrug).
In Russia warming 2.5 times faster than in the world. The average for the 2019 temperature by 2.07 degrees above normal for 1961-1990
Possible flooding of low coastal areas of the cities of Sterlitamak, Ufa and Birsk, as well as settlements located in flood plains and mountain rivers (Republic of Bashkortostan). In the danger zone of the coastal territory of Belarus.nktob, suburban areas and commercial facilities on the river Ob in the village of Ust ‘-Charyshskaya Pristan’, city Barnaul, Kamen-na-Obi, CAPSA – S. Krasnogorskoye, Charysh S. Beloglazova and TSW. Charysh, Aley – p Old-Aleyskaya and Rubtsovsk, Chumysh – S. El’tsovka, Burla – p Khabary (Altayskiy Kray). There is also the danger of flooding in the city of Novokuznetsk, SMT. Krapivino Kemerovo, MRAs-su – Myski, R. condom – village. Between kuzedeyevo, Kiya – from the city of Mariinsk (Kemerovo region); Novosibirsk, Russia (dachas), Bucks – S. Pihtovka, Karasuk – S. Chornivka (Novosibirsk region) and many others.
the latter is particularly concerned about the fact that the climate in Russia warming 2.5 times faster than in the world. Thus, the average in 2019, the air temperature in Russia by 2.07 degrees exceeded the average for the 1961-1990 normal. The average rate of growth of mean annual air temperature for the decade on the territory of Russia in the period from 1976 to 2019 amounted to 0.47 degrees. It is more than two and a half times higher than the rate of growth in global temperature over the same period. Over the decade the global temperature has increased by 0.18 degrees.
As noted by the head of Roshydromet Igor Shumakov, the temperature of each successive decade since the 1980s has exceeded the temperature of previous. The most noticeable warming in the polar regions. Over the past thirty years (from 1990 to 2019) the growth of average annual temperature made here degree 0.81, or 2.43 degrees for 30 years.
due to abnormal heat in Russia before the fire starts campaign
“the warming is also evidenced by the rapid decrease of Arctic sea ice, the increase in thickness of the seasonally thawing layer of permafrost, decrease the duration of snow cover, and other indicators”, – emphasizesin Roshydromet. According to the monitoring of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, the concentration of CO2 in Northern latitudes is increasing.
Spring and autumn high warming have on the coast of the East Siberian sea, and in winter in the North-West of the European territory. In the summer the most rapid warming occurs in the European part of Russia South of 55 degrees North latitude (South of Moscow).
in addition, Roshydromet noted the following features. In the spring, intense warming is observed in the Western (plus 0.67 degree/10 years) and Middle Siberia (plus 0.82 degrees/10 years). In Eastern Siberia the warming occurs in the spring (plus 0.78 degree /10 years) and autumn (plus 0.77 degrees/10 years). Summer warming is observed in southern and Central Federal districts (plus 0.44 degree/10 years plus of 0.64 degrees/10 years, respectively). Summer and autumn warming is observed throughout Russia, but in Siberia (the South in summer and autumn in the center), there are areas where the warming is much weaker.
over the weekend, winter returned to Moscow and in some other regions of Central Russia. According to the forecast meteorologist Russia, chill it for at least a week.
Sobyanin expressed condolences to the family of the deceased during the hurricane in Moscow
At night in Moscow until Thursday will be steady “a minus”. From Monday to Saturday after sunset is expected from 0 to 5 degrees. Daytime temperatures will reach positive values. Today to plus 4 Wednesday – to plus 7, and on Thursday until 11. All this time it will be rainy and overcast. After Thursday in the capital region will come again cold. Even in the daytime the temperature of airha on Saturday, March 21, will not rise above 0.
Meteorologist such a change in the weather explain the powerful cyclone, which actively moved around the North of the European part of Russia. It was he who brought to Moscow the snow that almost the whole winter was in short supply. Now the same level of cover in different areas of the city is 5 to 10 centimeters. Forecasters suggest that we will be able to admire, at least until the next day. Thursday mini snow will likely melt. And the temperature, finally, after a series of winter temperature records will be close to climatic norm, characteristic for the Moscow March.
Prepared Sergey Babkin