In the discussions about why and how we should restrict immigration focus is often only on the journey; that the journey is dangerous, that it should be deterrent, and that we must control the borders. It is particularly the boats that are now coming across the Mediterranean as many would stop.
French president Emmanuel Macron will establish asylsentre in Africa, and Sylo Taraku suggested in the VG on Friday that migrants can be stopped through better cooperation with the countries migrants travel from.
A well as effective strategy will be to reduce the opportunities undocumented migrants have to earn money in Europe.
When we discuss whether and how to stop migrants from coming to Europe, it may be helpful to distinguish between migrants who are likely to have the right to asylum, and those who want to stay in Europe without legal residence.
The two groups will require different measures, and these measures will have different reasons. And if we want to stop båttrafikken of the Mediterranean sea in the day, must take over the us that it is not the syrians or other groups that may have a right to asylum in Europe, which dominates in these boats. It is like the young west african men, who come to earn money in the illegal economy in Europe.
If they close the border in one place find traffickers new routes which is more demanding and more expensive.
Asylstrømmene from 2015 has been significantly reduced, including through the innstramminger in the rights to asylum and not least through the returavtalen with Turkey. When we speak about the boats of the Mediterranean sea, so it is therefore primarily about economic migration, not people who will be interested in to seek asylum from asylsentre in Africa.
the Opportunity to earn the money controls the power
IN the united STATES, they have tried to stop the economic immigration through an ever-growing militarization of the borders. But several studies show that this small extent has influenced the extent of migration. If they close the border in one place find traffickers new routes which is more demanding and more expensive.
The increased border control, however, see not to lead to fewer migrants, only to the increased expenses and longer stays for migrants; for when the journey gets more expensive, they can’t travel as often.
the Possibilities for making money in the united STATES is just as great regardless of how well guarded the border is, and it seems mainly to be these possibilities that govern the flows of migrants.
Labour market demand undocumented migrants
I have interviewed a part of migrants who have travelled to Europe without papers, or who have considered doing so, and in these conversations I am often surprised how little emphasis they give to the journey when they talk about the decision to travel without papers. What they are concerned about is what awaits them in Europe when they come up.
They are aware of what it means to be undocumented in Europe; that they will be without rights and without special opportunities. It is life as paperless in Europe that scares many from travelling, not the risk to be taken on the border. Those who consider that the possibilities for a good life is bigger as paperless in Europe than at home is willing to take the risk, and take up debt to finance such a journey.
One can do surprisingly well as paperless in Europe.
And you can do surprisingly well as paperless in Europe. In Southern Europe it is common to make use of the cheap and extremely flexible labour that the undocumented make up in sectors such as agriculture and cleaning. To the private care of the elderly and child care have some regions become almost dependent on paperless caretakers.
It is, in other words, a significant labour market in Europe, as requested just this cheap, rettighetsløse labour. And what is it that attracts these people over the Mediterranean sea.
the Labour market in change the
In the Nordic countries have paperless still limited opportunities to earn money, and therefore it is only a small proportion of Europe’s undocumented that come to us. It is therefore the organised labour market in the Nordic region, which makes it especially attractive to come here for the paperless.
Those who receive a rejection on your application for asylum will gladly travel further to Spain or Italy. It has in any case been – but is that about to change?
We see an increased acceptance for the use of cheap, casual labour in private homes.
Also here at home, we see that the informal labour market seems to increase, through increased use of staffing agencies, delingsøkonomi, and not least the increased use of the services to private households.
This provides like efficiency and cheap services. But it also makes it easier for people without legal stay to earn money.
Increased acceptance of cheap, casual labour
in The last years there has been informal marketplaces for day hire for migrants in Oslo – employers come in the morning and picking up the workers they need for the day, as we have seen in american movies.
We see an increased acceptance for the use of cheap, casual labour in private homes. Who cares well about what kind of residence permit the philippine vaskehjelpen have? And when we are old, well most of us prefer to be nursed by a private care worker in our own homes?
Europeans will find to require collective agreements, workers ‘ compensation and will never accept a job where they are expected to be available 12 to 24 hours in a day but getting paid for six. Then it is so much easier with the paperless.
Cheap, flexible and rettighetsløs labour access to cheap services.
If we offer a paperless immigrant a room at the dorm, that they look after grandma while we are at work and training, so it’s a win-win situation? Cheap, flexible, and rettighetsløs labour access to cheap services. But it also creates strong incentives for poor people to reside in Europe without papers.
A better regulated labour market, not least in agriculture and the construction industry around Europe and less acceptance for using undeclared work in the home, therefore reducing the scope of undocumented migrants arriving to Europe. But then you need enough more of us will begin to wash our car himself.
Guri Tyldum has done research on labour migration and migrasjonsbeslutninger, with a focus on paperless and victims of human trafficking. Information about the market for day workers, she has gotten in the interviews with Romanian bums in Oslo.
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