the Ministry has developed a draft action plan to implement the Strategy of industrial development for processing, recycling and neutralization of wastes of production and consumption for the period up to 2030. As reported by “RG” in the Ministry, he is now on the coordination in interested departments.
the beginning of the Ministry of natural resources approval of the draft Federal scheme for the handling of MSW, which include operating facilities for sorting and recycling by region. “The draft Federal operating disposal facilities – 265, facilities for processing and disposal – 218. This is not the final version of the scheme, it will be supplemented by objects as for the disposal and processing of waste, including through information received by us from the regions”, – told in the Ministry of industry.
the Capacity for processing waste are introduced across the country annually in accordance with indicators provided by the national project “Ecology”. So, in 2020 it is planned to put about 30 large facilities for processing and disposal of waste. Industrialists are willing to repeatedly increase the use of recycled resources.
for Example, metallurgists and manufacturers of paper products have repeatedly raised the issue of banning the export of scrap of ferrous and non-ferrous metals and waste paper, said the Ministry of industry and trade. Glass manufacturers and glass wool can use up to 50 percent cullet as raw material. Meanwhile, get it on the market in sufficient quantities and required quality is impossible, noted in the Ministry.
“Now in Russia there are about 30 big companies involved in the production of the necessary equipment and individual components for recycling. Today we can already produce virtually the entire range of equipment needed in the field of waste management. Our equipment has a modular structure and can be mounted in a configuration that satisfies all needs as for processing power, and depth of sampling of useful fractions”, – the Ministry added.
At the same time that the reform was really effective, requires not only the infrastructure for sorting and processing, but also the arrangement of garbage disposal areas and work with the population. Thus, the production of containers for the collection of wastes in some regions simply do not exist. However, some companies are ready to ramp up production of the containers, and some regions of the state about the possibility of providing demand for containers, including at the expense of the enterprises located on the territory of the Federal penitentiary service.
the Main today is the normative-methodological base for the formation of a new system for the treatment of MSW, the Chairman of “the Russian ecological society” Rashid Ismailov. “The regions have been waiting for normativku. Federal schemesand ready, we will oshlifovyvat to fall. However, the waste management system is primarily an economic model, so the most important for its effective development is the availability of infrastructure and motivation of market participants. Investors are willing to go to the objects, the demand and interest there, – he said. – The regional authorities it is important to increase the information content, work with communities and organizations to improve payment discipline.”
As told “RG” the head of the REO Ilya Gudkov, the last two months of the pandemic the main forces were thrown on the support of reoperation who find themselves in a difficult position. “Measures taken in time of financial support would prevent trash collapse in the regions. We made the deadline to finalize the draft Federal scheme of waste management, now arranging it with the regions,” he said.
the Regions are divided into zones 283, 246 selected reoperation 178, 175 began its activity. Only two regions have not moved to the new system of waste management: Khabarovsk Krai and Jewish Autonomous oblast. Moscow, Sevastopol and St. Petersburg in accordance with the law will move to the new system until January 1, 2022.
For interoperability with reoperation REO have created an online platform that allows 24/7 to get their treatment, including those that require immediate solutions. The government has developed an anti-crisis package of measures to support reoperation that will keep them in quarantine period.
the Main problem today – reduced level of payments for the service of waste removal. Due to cash shortages and the risks of suspension of activities of reoperation, inability to make calculations with operators of export. But bankruptcy out of the question, noted in the REO. “The vast majority of regional operators, the positive balance of receivables and payables. Low rate in some regions at a high cost of reoperation given the low collection rates and creates these risks, which are controlled by the REO”, – reported the company.
REO continues to consider applications from the regions for the provision of support measures for investment projects. “Two measures of support have already been approved, we propose to expand this line, which will create more attractive conditions for investors”, – said Ilya Gudkov.
It’s about entering into the Charter capital and guarantee for loans/loans. Vice-Premier of Victoria Abramchenko at one of the meetings said that one invested by the government, the ruble should account for 2.5 rubles of private investment. “Today, 68 investment projects can receive support from the REO. They are in the list of promising Federal scheme��s treatment of MSW in the regional programs of subjects, – told in the company. Among projects – treatment facilities with a total capacity of over 15 million tons of MSW (with a share selection of useful fractions from 20 percent to 50 percent) and energy recovery with a total capacity of more than 4 million tons of municipal solid wastes. Of was considered more than 160 investment applications from 73 subjects.”
In the past year has put into operation a processing capacity of TCR – 2,63 million tons (in terms of 2.28), the capacity for processing (sorting) – 5,68 million tons (in terms of 2.98). In parallel, the REO works on the creation and development of IT systems supporting digitalization of the industry.