With the weakening of the regime of isolation intensified the organizers of the marathon weight loss. “Kommersant Style” explains what it is and why you should not throw to the winds.Theme gaining weight passed through a quarantine time. There was a whole series of jokes and memes about kilos called “Quarantine 15”. Recent statistics in different countries showed that people began to get better: for example, in France, 57% of respondents added an average of 2.5 kg, in Russia — 17%, in the United States — about 47% of women and 22% men. (Data are based on the following sources: U.S. — WebMD, in Russia SuperJob, France — Institute for the study of public opinion Ifop).During the quarantine began to appear marathons slimming which is only now gaining momentum. They start on YouTube and Instagram. The main tool to influence the masses of people “before and after”. Off these kinds of projects very quickly: work word of mouth and timeliness, for example, weight loss before the season in a swimsuit or as it is now, after quarantine. “The audience of the marathon of weight loss does not always solvent. Typically, this is desperate people who believe that their lives will change. They actually buy happiness. The more injured a person is, the more it is ready. Among the participants — people with eating disorders (RPP), anxious, tenacious and focused on receptive, with a certain compulsion and not to analyze the incoming information,” explains Tamara Podaneva, a clinical psychologist and psychotherapist specializing in RPP, worries and somatopsychic. Photo: Getty Modestandard menu with a daily caloric value of about 1000, the program high intensity exercise, a single group for all participants, led by the curator, who all have to report — and all this regardless of your source data, physical fitness, diseases and weight. As a rule, every marathon is designed for a month. Photo of the participants of previous marathons you can see people dropping 10 pounds is a real extreme. “People don’t realize that all of these marathons are created in order to catch subscribers. This is pure marketing and the main disadvantage is that there is an individual approach. Our vital functions (movement, digestion, etc.) on average spend about 1000-1200 calories a day. Most often the participants of the marathons — the people with overweight and daily calories about 2000 calories. They abruptly move on the pure diet that is low in calorie 1000 serious physical activity, undermining the whole system,” — says Olga Davydova, dietitian-nutritionist, holding auditing power. What happens after the marathon? People do lose weight. System kicks, penalties and the group had��nicknames give results. There are also frequent competitions, where the winner gets a cash prize. The expert says that not once worked with former members. The problem of all — the fear of food. People are afraid to get better, and then breaks down, needa even more than it was. The effect of a yo-yo. And no one understands how to choose foods, combine her, why the body needs proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Better to spend money on a good nutritionist and learn literacy in nutrition, establishing proper habits. Photo: Getty Madeis for sudden weight loss, and constant malnutrition the body just do not have enough forces. “Dysmetabolic disorders, constipation due to a sharp decline in carbohydrates, swelling due to the increase in stress hormones, insomnia, hunger cortisolemia Wake, the disappearance of the cycle in women, candidiasis, decrease in immunity — here are the real results of such a rapid weight loss. After the marathon, nothing changes — you still the same person, but with the health problems. For the desire to lose weight can hide troubles,” says Tamara Podaneva. Weight is lost either through calorie deficit or due to overrun of received energy by increasing physical activity. In the first case, does not mean you have to go on a diet. Diet is always a challenge and constraint, which ever ends weight. Listen to feelings of hunger and fullness, start with small portions, not to overeat, eat at the table and not under the series, to enjoy food and to distinguish tastes. Very helpful keeping a food diary (but not counting calories) to analyze the quantity, quality and frequency of food eaten, as well as menu planning for a week to eat diversely and trying new things. Here are some important points: Daria Bogomolova