Two irreconcilable camps facing each other. Liberal EU leaders under the leadership of German Chancellor Angela Merkel (65) fight for open borders and free trade. On the opposite side of protectionists such as the US President Donald Trump (73) against Goods and people barricading themselves. The popularity of it grows, the support for the freedom of the EU-Leader shrinks. Why?
faster and faster, people, Goods and capital move across the globe. The last push to this process of networking of the world in 1990 and after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Globalization euphoria was widespread. Neo-liberal Thinking was the Mantra of the policy: the market should self-regulate, the state will keep out of the economy.
In this approach, the global financial crisis of 2008 changed nothing. However, in the population of the enthusiasm vanished, especially since the rescue of banks and governments billions of taxpayers ‘ money swallowed up. Added to this was a new phenomenon: “Even in the ranks of the actual winner, the Western countries, there were always more losers,” says Tobias Straumann (53) of the University of Zurich. The economic historian refers to the American industrial workers: tens of thousands of them lost in the last few years, their Jobs. Another Problem is the illegal Immigration of cheap laborers from Latin America, the push the wage, turned out to be in the USA Straumann says.
Also in the UK, the immigration question has become a political divisive element, the policy offered no solutions: “The Brexit and the election of Boris Johnson’s failure in response to the Policy,” says Straumann. failure of the whole line populists throw in the whole of Europe, the EU-leaders. You can see in Chancellor Merkel, French President Emmanuel Macron (41) and the outgoing EU Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker (64) the failure of the representative of a globalization euphoric Establishment.
The Reflex is the same everywhere: foreclosure
attacked The French Rassemblement National leader Marine Le Pen (51) Macron as “President of the Rich”, calls for the abolition of the EU Commission and the re-introduction of the borders. In Germany, the AfD party leader Alexander Gauland (78) wants to lead the country with a “Dexit” from the EU. Italy’s interior Minister Matteo Salvini (46) has rigorously refugee boats from the shores and luring its voters with Anti-EU Propaganda: “you Think I stick to the rules from Brussels?” Hungary’s Prime Minister Viktor Orban (56) had built during the refugee crisis in 2015, a border fence, and the bill was sent to Brussels.
Whether in the US, the UK, Hungary or Italy – the Reflex is the same everywhere: foreclosure. Border fences will be erected and refugee boats stopped, tariffs and trade barriers be installed on. Such Gestures, defend, apparently, the nation-state, to come. “The populists will present simple solutions for complex problems,” says Lena Schaffer (39), a political scientist at the University of Lucerne. “Globalisation is complex – the construction of walls is easy.” That free trade and Migration is to be combated, is not a coincidence. “The interaction becomes more difficult the more dissimilar the people,” says Ralph Ossa (41), trade economist at the University of Zurich. “The concerns of the trade as well as Migration.” The eastward enlargement of the EU is an example of this. “It has led to radical dislocation.” Even worse, the accession of China to the world trade organization WTO was in 2001.
On all continents of the protectionism on the rise
The Zurich-based economic historian, Straumann seems to says it clearly: “The WTO accession of China was a shock. If he was really a good idea, is an open question.” So many Trumps would welcome males dealing with China. “A bit of protectionism does no harm.” Also, the EU is acting in this way: “In certain areas, such as the service area is not even the internal market. Thus, insurance companies can offer their products hardly across national borders.” Even the globalization of world champion in Switzerland have been practicing protectionism. This applies particularly to the agricultural sector, but also in the industry. “There you are complicating the market entry of foreign competitors with special technical requirements.”
On all continents seems to be protectionism on the rise. With one exception: Almost unnoticed by the Rest of the world 54 member States of the African Union have closed a month ago, a free trade agreement. A historic step: Africa’s largest free trade zone in the world. all the people of Africa. The continent is regarded as a globalisation loser par excellence: from the West, and plundered, by indigenous military dictators suppressed. Now the African countries rely on free trade and cooperation – a strong character in times of global isolation and confrontation.
history of globalization