diseases around zirka30 percent of all malignant cancers in men are prostate cancers. Thus, prostate cancer in men the most frequently diagnosed malignant Tumor. Year 6 affected about 100 men. Around 1’400 men die each year as a result of a disease. Since there are very aggressive forms, the early detection has a significant influence on the prognosis – however, it is not without controversy.

The prostate gland or pilot heard the gland to the internal genital organs of the man. She is a chestnut large, is below the bladder and surrounds part of the urethra. There, it has various functions; they produced, for example, a Secretion that mixes with the sperm, and about 30 percent of ejaculate.

What are the risks for prostate cancer are there?

as soon As prostate cells mutate and multiply, forming a Tumor. The prostate gland is divided into an Outer and an inner zone as well as in a so – called mantle zone; the most common tumors to form in the outer zone, which lies close to the rectum. A danger is that individual cancer cells can enter into neighboring lymph nodes and through the blood to other organs, where they may form metastases.

Basically, any man can develop prostate cancer. As with most types of cancer, it is of factors that increase the risk for a disease. The age is considered as a risk factor: The majority of patients at the time of diagnosis, 50 years of age or older, almost half, are 70 years old or older. The risk is also increased if the brother or the father are ill. Unique causes of disease has found the research, however, up to today, no.

early detection of prostate cancer

From a medical point of view, there are two different methods of investigation, enabling early detection: digital rectal examination on the one hand, the determination of the PSA value in the blood, on the other. In the case of the digital rectal examination, the urologist palpated with the fingers, the Size, shape and consistency of the prostate.

The PSA (prostate-Specific Antigen) is a protein (Protein), formed only in the prostate and in the blood can be measured. The PSA level is the most important tumor marker for the prostate carcinoma. However, the PSA measurement gives only an indirect indication of a prostate cancer. Because PSA is also produced by the healthy prostate, and also benign prostate enlargement and prostate inflammation, the PSA value increases. For this reason, the importance of the PSA measurement in the context of cancer prevention is discussed controversially for years.

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But the early detection is people controversial because tumors not usually grow so slowly that they cause in older patients, even to complaints. The PSA Test is still considered by many physicians as not meaningful, because a high PSA value is not necessarily due to a Tumor. The Tumor is discovered, however,, are frequently prescribed therapies or surgery, the mountains and other risks, such as impotence.

What symptoms are typical for prostate cancer?

most of The prostate tumors that trigger for a long time, hardly any discomfort. As soon as a Tumor narrows the urethra, it can come to solve problems in Water, such as, for example, a weak urine stream, a frequent urge to urinate or pain. However, these symptoms can have other causes.

A definitive diagnosis can be made only on the basis of a tissue sample. The tissue around cancer cells is planned in the treatment individually. Various factors play a role: How big the Tumor is, what are the properties of the tissue are also affected lymph nodes and have already formed metastases?

How is prostate cancer treated?

The cancer League calls the following methods of treatment in the case of a prostate cancer diagnosis:

Operation: removal of the prostate (prostatectomy), Active surveillance (Active Monitoring): patients should be closely monitored. With the active treatment (e.g., surgery) is only started, if the man wishes or the growth of the tumor progresses. This treatment strategy can be applied in the case of certain small tumors, which are evaluated as low-risk.Watchful waiting (wait-and-see end of Watch): This treatment strategy may be chosen in older men. It started with the therapy, if the Tumor causes discomfort.Radiotherapy medical therapies: chemotherapy, anti-hormonal therapies, targeted drugs

in Addition, going tested in clinical studies a specific method, the so-called focal therapies. In the context of the studies, the patients with High be treated-intensive focused ultrasound (HIFU); however, only patients in question, in which the Tumor is clearly localized, the infection is limited to the prostate and only in less aggressive forms. (gup)