every year on 2 July the world celebrates international day of the dogs — faithful friends of man, who from time immemorial live with us. Sometimes the dog becomes something more than just a pet. It’s about these dogs and tell the State Museum of V. V. Mayakovsky, Bulgakov Museum, Moscow state Museum of S. A. Yesenin Museum of K. G. Paustovsky, and V. A. Tropinin Museum and Moscow artists of his time.

Joint material and the Agency “Moscow”.

Vladimir Mayakovsky was very fond of dogs. At different times he had a few four-legged friends of different breeds. But only the dog made history — heard of him, perhaps, every admirer of the poet.

in the Summer of 1920, together with Mayakovsky, Lilya and Osip Brik lived at his dacha in Pushkin in Akulova Mountain. One day, walking around the neighborhood, they found the puppy. He was so dirty that prichastnosti gave your pet the nickname Puppy, affectionately called him Denik.

Breed of dog was able to establish thanks to the local guys who knew his pedigree. It turned out that his mother is purebred and father is a mongrel. Coat color Shenika was red, ears with long curls. Similar to the setter, he was much more than expected from the breed.

Puppy has become an integral part of the company. With all he went down to the river to swim, to pick mushrooms in the forest, walking with Mayakovsky, when he wrote poetry. Osip and Lilya were found between Vladimir Vladimirovich and his four-legged friend, so began to call Denom and poet, so there was One big and One small. Since Vladimir Mayakovsky in the letters began to sign “Puppy” or instead of a signature drawing of a puppy.

the holiday season has come to an end, it’s time to return to Moscow, the dog took. On the way to the apartment in Poluektova lane (now sechenovskiy) Mayakovsky spent Menu tour. Lilya Brik, later recorded his conversation with the puppy in his memoirs:

This, comrades, Kazan railway station. Built under the bourgeoisie. Remarkable for its architectural ugliness. Turn around! And that will ruin the taste, raised on the poetry of Mayakovsky!

— And this — street butcher. Here lives our friend Left. Real people, like you and me, and he has a beautiful architecture!

Is — the Red square. Marvelous place on the globe!!

Then the Briks and Mayakovsky lived in Poluektova lane (now Novokonyushenny). The house and the new tenant met seedcracker was a great friend Xena. Together they walked and even went to visit each other.

At the time, Mayakovsky worked in “Windows of GROWTH”. Trams did not exist, so the poet walked to the Sretensky Boulevard. Puppy each morning accompanied his master to the butcher shop on the corner of Ostozhenka. There Mayakovsky pokfell to him and the companions disperse. Puppy would go home and Mayakovsky — to work.

after dark, for dinner, Puppy always came home (alone or with Muska), but one day he didn’t come. The poet was looking for his in his and neighboring yards, but never found. Puppy lived only eleven months. About living together Mayakovsky wrote in the poem “Well – “


square yards of housing.






the dog


In the childhood and adolescence of Mikhail Bulgakov was not allowed. They came from the writer much later, when he was married second marriage to the love of beloozerskiy.

the Wife of the writer recalled that Bulgakov dogs were Boleto on your Desk made by placing it under the paper”.

a Favorite of the writer was a dog named Bud, which appeared in the house thanks to Lyubov Evgenievna. One day, standing in line at the grocery store, she saw a man on his hands and asked him what he was going to do with it. The man replied that he plans to take it to the Department for vivisection experiments. The woman asked the stranger to wait and rushed home to obtain the consent of Bulgakov (who agreed immediately) and pick up the dog.

At that time, Bulgakov worked on the play “Moliere”, so the dog got the nickname of the main character. The dog quickly became a media darling and a full-fledged member of the family. E. love said:

the status of the Bud in Bulgakov’s family appreciated and friends — in a letter to Mikhail and Lyubov E. wife of writer Yevgeny Zamyatin Lyudmila joked: “Dear Bulgakov! I am outraged — E. I. hid from me that you have a son. Well, congratulations, congratulations. What a handsome man you have it!”

the writer, even while visits, asking about the dog. So he wrote to his wife from the Crimea in 1930:

“Dear Luban! Here, the bright sun… At the stations in the buffets coy that you come across, but mostly empty, actually. Women to train at the South take out the cucumbers, cherries, eggs, bread, onion, milk. The train is late. In Kharkov saw Olenka (very sweet, brought me cigarettes), Fyodor, Komissarov and Leslie. Went to the train.”

Famous poem by Sergei Estimable written in 1925 after meeting the poet, people’s artist Vasily Ivanovich by Kachalov and his Doberman named Jim. Prior to this, the actor and poet for many years knew each other only by correspondence. On the meeting, which was organized by mutual friends, the artist recalled this:

the Poet struggled to free herself from the dog, but he was unmoved — and continued to jump on Esenin and licking his face.

“”Yes the same wait, maybe What are you like drunk all the time climb to kiss” — he muttered Yesenin widely rasplyvsheysya seems a sly smile.”

that night atet read a lot of poetry. Jim carefully looked straight in the eye, and when it was time to go, getting sleepy dog still does not depart from the poet. Before leaving, Esenin long stings of the dog’s paw and said, “Oh, hell, it’s hard to break up with you!” In parting, the poet said that as soon as you come home, will write poems pet of the artist.

a few days after that night, Katchalov learned that in his absence superintending dressed in ceremonial clothing Yesenin. It turned out that the poet wrote verses, as promised, torjestvenno reading took place on another day when the actor was at home:

“Wow, Jim, happiness paw me,
This paw did not see I had.
Come on you sex in the moonlight
On a quiet, noiseless weather.
Give, Jim, fortunately paw me.

Please my dear, do not Lygis.
Get with me the simplest.
Because you do not know what life is,
you do Not know that life was worth it.”

pet Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky was named funtik. The dog in 1938 he acquired a second wife of the writer Valery Waliszewska of Navashino.

At the beginning of the great Patriotic war Konstantin Georgievich served on the southern front, a war correspondent. Soon a Committee on the arts was released from service and evacuated to where at that time his family was together with four-legged friend.

When Paustovsky was required to return to Moscow, the question arose about the future of the Pound. A few days prior to a trip sighed heavily and looked sadly at his master. The writer could not betray his friend and abandon him in Alma-ATA.

In wartime, carry your dog on the train was not so easy. Konstantin Georgievich has started to collect all the necessary information in veterinary hospitals and with the authorities train station to obtain

When all the papers were collected, a pound again revived, as if everyone understood. At the station Paustovsky hid a Dachshund under a fur coat, thinking that in hard time the transportation of dogs in the train could be regarded as inappropriate fad. Fears were not vain. As soon as they entered the car, one captain was outraged when I saw the dog and called the guide for the proceedings. But sebili right, and the angry captain had nothing to do, how to immediately take your Luggage and move to another compartment.

the Night was a stop at the junction station, on the platform where you’ve got a lot of people — train during the war years, rarely went. Among those wishing to Board the train were soldiers who received leave, and the soldiers returning to the front. There were many of them, to wait for the next train was too long, and they are in full composition took the car, which drove the writer.

the pound was their need endured long, but I’ve also started to whine more and more. Paustovsky anything not supposed to do like hide it under your coat and carry across the aisle, which was completely busy recently hooked soldiers. Funtik curiosity won and he stuck his head out. Konstantin Georgievich was petrified.

the Soldiers keenly interested in the dog, parted to give way to the writer. In the compartment to Paustovsky began to come two or three soldiers questioned,hunted, remembering their Pets back home.

Then the conversation turned to the case of the captain, who was furious because of the Pound. Hearing this, the soldiers in the hallway rustled and decided to find and snapper. Landmark in the search was a mustache and a shiny new uniform. The soldiers inspected all compartments, but never found the offender Funtik. It later emerged that the captain was there, but as soon as the uproar, shaved his mustache and therefore was not found.

the Pound was eventful life. In 1940 he participated in the exhibitions of the AKC. Evacuated dog — you can see it in the films, “the Murderers are coming” and “Young Fritz”. Your four-legged friend Konstantin Paustovsky also made a hero of the stories Meshchersky cycle. From the story “Farewell to summer”:

In the painting the dog is always symbolized loyalty and devotion. In the collection of the Museum of V. A. Tropinin and Moscow artists of his time, there are many portraits where the character is depicted and his four-legged friend. One example is the engraving by Nikolai Ivanovich Utkin with paintings of Vladimir Lukich Borovikovsky “Catherine II on a walk in Tsarskoye Selo Park.” Her Empress was captured along with one of those Italian greyhounds named of Zemir.

It was Catherine the great introduced into the Russian Empire. It all began in 1770 with sent her from England a couple of dogs: Sir Tom Anderson and Duchess. After a few years the progeny of these IGS can be found in many aristocratic houses of Moscow and St. Petersburg. The Empress was very fond of their dogs — they had a special position at court and even slept in the basket next to the bed, Catherine.

Among the numerous descendants of Sir Tom Anderson, who lived at the court of the Empress more than the others singled out the Italian Greyhound the Zemir, who was born in 1778. The dog was named after the heroine of the popular in those days of Opera “the Zemir and Azor”. the Name of Azor, by the way, also has long become a popular dog name. Preserved several letters of the Empress, in which she mentions her favourite pet. So she wrote about the complex character of the Italian Greyhound

the Zemir died in 1785. As recalled by his contemporaries, Catherine II was going through a difficult loss for several days did not come out of the bedroom. At the Imperial porcelain factory Jacob Rosetta was made in natural size, which has long stood in the bedroom of the Empress and reminded her of Liu��imize.

Greyhound Empress are buried on a special site in Tsarskoye Selo. Some marble slabs have been preserved to our days. Among them have survived and on which was written the following words: