the Average salary of the Russians after the deduction of income tax in April 2020 fell to 26.1 thousand rubles. This decrease of 21.9% compared to March 2020, when average earnings amounted to 33.4 thousand rubles, the study said the consulting company FinExpertiza.
“Most people come out of the crisis poorer than they were before it started”, — noted in the study.
Experts analysed data for collection of the tax to incomes of physical persons (NDFL), which is charged from the salary of each employee, and matched the amount of the payroll data on the number of employees in the country and individual regions.
At the end of March in the epidemic of the coronavirus Russian President Vladimir Putin announced that from 30 March to 3 April, the Russians will not work. As a result, as count the authorities, will be able to minimize contact and contain the spread of coronavirus. Subsequently, the mode of working days has been extended. On its completion, Putin said may 12.
thus, according to the presidential decree, all employers had to pay employees wages. The government gradually introduced measures to support, but, according to experts, these measures often malfunctioned and was not available to needy entrepreneurs.
for Example, the Ombudsman for entrepreneurs Boris Titov noted that the program of preferential loans to businesses on the salaries earned late. With criticism of banks that are reluctant to lend, was made by the Minister of economic development Maxim Reshetnikov.
in addition, support measures were insufficient, according to the study FinExpertiza: “Not being able to pay salaries, many enterprises have begun forced to resort to cost optimization”.
From decline of the company’s revenues began to send staff in a partially unpaid leave and to reduce the award, the Director of the Financial center SKOLKOVO — NES Oleg Shibanov.
“Government support will certainly help the business in times of crisis. But their size is not large enough to significantly affect wages,” he says.
as a result, the average salary decreased. By region this decline was different. In 42 subjects wages have fallen by 20% or more, in 18 regions of 25% or more in some regions wages have fallen by a third.
According to the study, most of all salaries fell in the following ten regions (all figures are after deduction of income tax):
the report stresses that it is only “white” salaries. In Russia fairly common practice of “gray” wages when the employer pays part of the earnings officially, but another part — the “envelope”, thus reducing the tax and social benefits. “It is likely that the segment of the shadow economy wages have fallen even more significantly,” — experts say.
Oleg Shibanov adds that the salary is only half of the total income of Russians. The second half is the income from entrepreneurial activity, deposits and delivery of property in rent — may also be substantially affected. In the end, even when salaries will return to previous levels with the recovery of the economy, the incomes of Russians as a whole are still falling, says the economist.
“a Quick recovery, I would not expect. Most forecasts suggest that we will return to old levels of business activity only in 2022,” — said Shibanov.
Rosstat has not yet published data on salaries for April. At the moment the only available information for the first quarter. At the end of this period, the real gross wage of Russians, that is, wages before deduction of income tax, adjusted for inflation, grew by 6.2% compared to the same period of 2019.
nominal accrued wages in the first quarter, according to Rosstat, amounted to 48,4 thousand a month.