The probability that the government by 2024, will be able to fulfill the order of Vladimir Putin on the reduction of air pollution in the 12 most disadvantaged cities, tends to zero. The RPN has not appeared means of monitoring the emissions of particular companies, and the Ministry still has not developed any targets, nor the necessary regulations and procedures which requires new industrial environmental regulation. The problem is compounded by lack of access to objective environmental information not only among the regulators but also from the citizens. At the same time, according to official estimates, air pollution in cities every year results in addition to the 40-50 thousand deaths.Rosprirodnadzor (RPN) has published the results of the combined analysis (together with the CPS and the Roshydromet) air quality from April 29 to may 8 in 12 most polluted cities of the Russian Federation during the quarantine. Recall, the Federal project “Pure air” requires the reduction of atmospheric pollution in them from 2019 to 2024 22%. Order to take measurements during the quarantine gave responsible for the environment Vice-Premier of Victoria Abramchenko — local officials often did not recognize the industry a major source of these contaminants, taking them to the transport and laying in the budgets of the national project buy, for example, environmentally friendly transportation (see “Kommersant” on 28 April). The analysis had to allow the Ministry of natural resources, Rosprirodnadzor and regional authorities until may 15 to update comprehensive plans to reduce air pollution in these cities.As predicted, “b”, definitive conclusions based on these data, officials can not do — although most often, these three alternative measurements confirm excess of standards for those substances that relate to industrial emissions. But to judge the contribution of industry, it is necessary to compare the results obtained with the different emissions sources to quarantine point in RPN, and the dimensions of the CPS within the specified period is not available in all cases. Moreover, as explained “Kommersant” in the Ministry, enterprises deliberately reduced the emissions, as I understand that the regulator conducts the measurements. As a result, the analysis often only fixes the obvious: the industry is a major source of air pollution.In the absence of a sufficient number of mobile stations measurements (in RPN, “Kommersant” reported that such machines can be one of the region although the end of 2019, the head of Department Svetlana Radionova was hoping to purchase 20 of these machines for each of the 12 cities) Victoria Abramchenko propose to make the emission control of companies assigned to the most dirty (I category has 300 companies in the country), permanent. To this end, the controller requests the government right now to oblige the company before��to tablet him online access to their own data automated monitoring of emissions. “All companies have their monitoring and Rosprirodnadzor would like to have access to it — only in the framework of its competence. That is, only the data that allow to assess the state of damage on the environment”,— explained there. Permanent supervision over the objects of I category “will allow companies themselves in real time to control their emissions; and to reduce the burden on business (in RPN is an actual component of the project emission volume and, as consequence, absence of necessity of check of the enterprise as planned, provided they exceeded the established benchmarks) and give the opportunity of informing the inhabitants of the cities real picture and not formed by the reports of the nature”.The problem, however, is that the reform of industrial environmental regulation, launched in 2010, involves the company, referred to the first category, can begin to provide the data controller of instrumental pollution control only four years later after obtaining the integrated environmental permits (IEPS), the basis for the issuance of which, among other things, the company’s plan to reduce the strain on the natural environment and achievement including sanitary and hygienic standards. To date, only 17 (out of 300) of companies in category I received the care they required to do so under the current requirements until 2025. Accordingly, the controller access to objective data on industrial emissions, discharges and wastes will be until 2029.However, this may not happen. In 2020, the RPN received 11 applications for care, nine applications were rejected because of their failure to comply with the requirements of the legislation. The latter is due to the fact that the Ministry still has not developed parts of the normative documents, what is constantly pointing in the Union.In particular, the definition of the organs in which the RPN field is required to send requests of legal entities to receive care, and their competence to review the materials; approved part of the technological parameters on the best available techniques; no order and procedure Supplement the care the approved credits (experiment with their quotas have to go in 12 cities); there is no procedure for the consideration and approval of the draft program on the environmental efficiency of companies.Illustrates the latest published Ministry of natural resources for regulatory impact assessment the draft resolution of the government “On the standards for allowable emissions of pollutants into the atmospheric air levels of harmful physical impacts on it, and permissions to emissions of polluting substances in atmospheric air”. He onlyOh now starts the development of indicators, which will be in 2024 to measure the success of the project “Clean air” — and it is not obvious that the authors manage to avoid the temptation to fit the requirements of a reality in 2024, not to report on the failure of the project.Moreover, in some existing sanitary indicators access the actual companies really would be very useful. Although access to environmental information guaranteed to citizens by the Constitution, current legislation of the Russian Federation still has not even determine what it is. In December 2016 Ministry of environment has published the schedule of development regulations to ensure Russia’s accession to the Aarhus Convention (guarantees the access of citizens to environmental data via the courts), but in recent times the Ministry of natural resources mentioned in the official publications of the work in adhering to the document three years ago. As it turned out, the reason for the lack of citizens ‘ access to objective data on environmental pollution are not only political risks. Director of the Institute of ecology, HSE Boris Morgunov said that against the “discovery” of such information is the Roshydromet, which annually receives from the sale of tens of millions of rubles, and the HSE is not the first year fighting for the opportunity to obtain these data for an independent assessment.Alexey Shapovalov
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