Newest telescope allows us to study the Sun's surface in great detail: what does it mean?

Moscow, January 31 — “News.Economy.” On Maui earned solar telescope Daniel K. Inouye. Scientists believe that it will help to get closer to solving a series of riddles.

Photo: @NatSolarObs/Twitter

staring at the Sun can and should be. The key is to use the right equipment. A powerful new telescope was installed in Hawaii on the top of the volcano, allowed to obtain images with maximum space standards resolution, and it is, as noted by MIT Technology Rewiew, brings scientists to many discoveries and solving ancient riddles.

the resulting image shows that the stellar surface is divided into individual cells the size of Texas. Boiling plasma causes them to swell and rise, and then they settle back.

“Now we see the smallest details of the largest object in our solar system,” — said the Director of the Observatory DKIST Tomas Rimmele. But the telescope is still officially under development, at full power it still did not work. Officially, it will happen in July.

Then DKIST with a 13-foot (4 m) mirror will be the most powerful solar telescope in the world. Located on Haleakala (the highest point on Maui), the device will be able to observe objects on the surface of the Sun size of only 30 km in diameter. This permission more than five times that gave its predecessor — the Dunn telescope in new Mexico (Sunspot Solar Observatory, SSO).

DKIST was specifically designed for the accurate measurement of the Sun’s magnetic field throughout the corona (the outer region of its atmosphere). Scientists now find out, for example, why the corona of a star millions of degrees hotter its surface.

in addition, the instrument, which will launch in the next six months, will collect data related to temperature, velocity, and solar structures. Soon will begin a new solar cycle, and this means that there will be a lot of solar activity.

during this period, follow the luminary necessary, because solar flares super dynamic spread of particles through the solar system in all directions, including ours. And these fluctuations of “space weather” can influence, for example, a GPS or even electrical networks. And what better instrument with which surveys were conducted, the more opportunities to prepare for possible incidents.

Text: To.Economy