Water covers almost three-quarters of the Earth’s surface, but scientists have known only a small part of what lies beyond the ocean. Recently the company Alphabet, which is owned by Google, has launched a new project called Tidal. With the help of the experts intend to improve the understanding of what is happening with the ocean, which in turn will help us to better protect fragile marine ecosystems.
“We know about the surface of the moon than about the deepest areas of the ocean,” writes Dave Neal (Neil Dav), General Manager Tidal.
part of the lack of knowledge can be explained by the fact that the ocean is not inhabited by humans, and it is extremely difficult to place any equipment. GPS and WiFi don’t work underwater, salty water is detrimental to electronics, which complicates the continuous follow-up by various parts of the underwater world.
meanwhile, more and more studies show that environmental pollution and irrational fishing practices are harmful to many ecosystems. In the end, we spoil our life and ourselves: plastic waste using the fish have already penetrated into the food of the people, and by 2050, according to forecasts of environmentalists, plastic will fill the stomachs of all seabirds.
For this reason, experts around the world seek to develop ways to save the ocean. The Tidal project can be the largest of its kind.
it is Worth noting that he “came from the pen of” division X (part of the Alphabet). It staff has developed a draft delivery drones and Project Loon, in which it is planned to provide the remote regions of the world with Internet access.
As mentioned above, the main objective of the project is to protect the ocean and its ecosystems that would provide humanity with food without harming the environment.
But to achieve this, there is certainly still a lot of work, including better understanding of ocean life.
“Our initial goal is to develop technologies that will provide greater understanding of what is happening under the water, said Dave. We researched new tools, whichwhich could provide useful information to farmers seeking eco-friendly ways of maintaining and development of the industry.”
Explain that the fish farming generates a lower carbon footprint than other sources of animal protein, says General Manager Tidal. They also play a crucial role in the diet of three billion people, therefore, concludes Dave, assistance to farmers can be critically important for all humanity and for the good condition of the ocean.
within three years, the researchers consulted with farmers around the world, and find out how they would like to reduce food waste and use of chemicals.
it turned Out that today ideas about the health and the lives of thousands of fish are based on the observation of individual animals. But this data collection process not only takes much time but is not reliable.
Tidal Experts have created a system of underwater cameras and a set of computer programs that detect and monitor the behavior of thousands of individual fish. Also, the computer will collect data such as water temperature and oxygen levels.
According to the developers, careful observation of fish and their behavior will help the farmers to more efficiently manage their farms, for example, through more efficient use of feed.
All of this will help to reduce both costs and pollution, scientists say.
“We plan to apply what we learned to other areas and problems [of the ocean] with the help of experts on the health of the ocean and other organizations seeking to find new solutions for the protection and conservation of this precious resource,” adds Dave.
By the way, earlier the authors of the project “News.Science” (nauka.vesti.ru) told about other methods of study of ocean life. So, scientists have created a robot Remora that will spy on for the inhabitants of the ocean, traveling on them.