130 fibers per sheet, 150 fibers per shirt, and 260 to 1900 fibers in a fleece jacket: So many synthetic fibres gear from our clothing to the washing of the washing machine in our waste water. This is shown by scientific studies by the German Federal environment Agency. Because neither washing machines nor conventional wastewater treatment plants can filter the synthetic micro-fibers completely, you can use the waste water in our rivers, lakes and seas.

Therefore, it is better to wear natural-fiber clothes. But how do you identify the label, which is the fiber of the piece of clothing was produced? Are Trevira, Modal or Spandex are all synthetic? Who would like to prevent when Washing micro-plastic is in the water, must fight through the designation confusion.

environment factor production

Synthetic fibers are manufactured from petroleum. And it can even contain synthetic fibers in the clothes, if these are not specified. The rules for the content of information leaflets on Washing different. So a sweater that is written to wool, with 100 per cent is allowed to have, however up to ten percent in synthetic shares.

semi-synthetic fibers based on cellulose from trees and other plants. So to speak, out of wood. These fibers have similar properties as classical synthetic fibers, but are usually biologically significantly more degradable. Modal is made from beech wood.

natural fibers such as cotton, wool, silk, linen and hemp can be degraded in the nature at its best. The higher price compared to synthetic products is calculated on a duration, generally, are the high-quality textiles, but most of the time significantly longer portable as the synthetic products.

you Should banish all synthetic clothes so immediately? No. There is a pragmatic solution, even if it sounds a little adventurous: with plastic against plastic fibers. In the Form of a washing bag is made of mono-filaments, such as the Guppy Friends, for example. The Material of the Laundry bag is more like bars than strings, and loses itself, no micro-fibers. And thanks to the close network is not a thread to make it.

For the view we have compiled a list with the most important semi-synthetic, and synthetic fibers:

semi-synthetic fibers of acetate

Because of the similar appearance, art silk, belongs acetate to the semi-synthetic fibers, but is unlikely to be biodegradable, writes the platform smarticular.net committed to sustainable living.


anyone Who thinks in the case of viscose rayon of wood? Hardly anyone. In the process, viscose is the most popular synthetic fiber of natural origin. And Yes, it is produced in a chemical process from wood fibers and is biodegradable. In the production also uses less water and energy than the production of cotton. This makes viscose eco-friendly. Also textiles made from bamboo are put in the category of viscose.


Modal is acquired from beech wood and is also biodegradable. Another advantage: In contrast to cotton, beech wood can be produced also in Central Europe.


Lyocell, also known by the brand name Tencel is known, is also derived from wood fibers. The production is considered to be particularly environmentally friendly. The fibers can be decomposed within a few months, due to micro-organisms – or, in other words: Lyocell is biodegradable. The fiber is often used for eco-friendly clothing.

Synthetic fibers Polyester

Also under the names: Diolen, Trevira, Polartec, Polarguard and Thermolite known. He is one of the most used synthetic fiber and is used everywhere – so in everyday clothes, Sport and Outdoor textiles, and is abbreviated on garment labels, often with PES.


As trade names are often used Antron, Tactel, Nylon, Peron, Dederon and Grilon. Is abbreviated as polyamide PA. Since water-repellent, the fiber in clothing and swimwear for the application. Synthetic underwear as well as tights are made of polyamide.


acrylic has similar properties to wool and is often used in mixed fabrics together with cotton or sheep’s wool. The also under the name Orlon, Dralon and Dolan displaced synthetic fiber is included in many of the knitwear, such as sweaters, Jackets and stockings.


This Material is for us, rather than elastane, Spandex, Lycra or Dorlastan known. Is abbreviated with EL. The fiber is highly elastic and resistant and is, therefore, particularly in the stretch materials are used.


This fiber is also under the name of Dyneema in the trade and is abbreviated with PE.


A very light fiber, which is also known as Asota known and PP is abbreviated.


This tear-resistant Material known as Kevlar, Nomex or Twaron.