In 2019 the actual volume of purchases by the government 12% more than planned and amounted to 8.2 trillion rubles in particular, the projects the contractors contracted by 1.3 trillion rubles against the planned 0.9 trillion rubles, follows from the monitoring of public procurement of the Ministry of Finance. Such indicators beaten out from the General data of the accounting chamber on insufficient funds of the national projects, but confirm the assumption of Gosudarev about problems in the planning activities of state agencies. In the White house cause undeveloped resources of national projects has previously described the complexity of the contract system.In 2019, the contractors had planned to contract by 0.9 trillion roubles for the implementation of national projects, to the report of the Ministry of Finance by results of monitoring of procurement according to the law “On the contract system” (44-FZ). However, the total volume of procurement amounted to 1.3 trillion rubles, the Highest spending occurred in such projects as “Safe and quality roads” — 382 billion (229 billion RUB, according to the schedule), “Comprehensive plan of modernization” — 314 billion rubles (246 billion rubles), “Housing and the urban environment” — 131 billion (82 billion rubles), “Demography” — RUB 120 billion (92 billion rubles.) and “Education” — 105 billion (55 billion rubles). The last thing customers have spent on national projects “Science” and “Productivity” — 757 million and 776 million rubles, respectively.The de facto government purchases showed overspending — contrary to the overall trend in under-spending of projects. We will remind that earlier the auditors of the accounts chamber in a series of reports pointed to the problems of execution and lack of efficiency of budget spending — so, from 1.75 trillion of appropriations for national projects on January 1, 2020 remained unused 148 billion roubles, or 8.5% of the funds (see “Kommersant” on 13 January, 6, 20 and on February 21). The Ministry also noted that the Federal budget expenditures on implementation of the national projects 8.6% behind plan.In the White house such indicators explained the “complex and confusing” the public procurement system, Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin instructed to simplify the law on public procurement for the participants of the contract system. However, the accounts chamber reports have indicated that the problems associated with a greater degree of overall poor planning and cooperation of public authorities. This thesis partly confirm the data of the procurement monitoring: although customers place a basic part of plans-schedules of purchases in January-February (93%), these data are published up to the end of the year. “You can make the assumption of the late approval of plans (programs) of financial and economic activities or untimely approval and posting of procurement plans,” says the Finance Ministry.In General, the actual volume of state orders was also higher under schedules at scheduled to 7.3 trillion rubles. z��cascini in 2019 contracted by 8.2 trillion, in accordance with the schedules contracts only 6.6 trillion Note, however, that the contract can be several years, respectively, and the calculations will be made in the following years. However, before such practices were observed: in 2018, customers signed contracts for 6.9 trillion rubles. at 12,6 trillion in the schedule, in 2017 — 6.3 at 7.1 trillion rubles, respectively. On request “b” on the reasons for this imbalance in the volume of procurement in the Ministry of Finance on 2 June did not answer.The most common method of public procurement remains an electronic auction: according to the notices, it accounted for 75% of the contracts by 4.9 trillion rubles., while the purchases from a single supplier, only 18% of the contracts by 0.7 trillion roubles. However, if to take into account the value of contracts with a single supplier after the failed auction, the actual amount of such purchases will amount to 5.4 trillion rubles, the Most common cause of the recognition of failed procurement is the submission of only one application, which in 99.7% of cases meets the requirements of Federal law 44-FZ, the authors. Although the Ministry of Finance captures for the first time in several years the growth of competition in public procurement — 3.12 bids for one lot against 2,97 in 2017 (or a maximum of five years), one— third of purchases still receives only one bid. However, experts have repeatedly pointed out the inappropriateness of simulation competition in the absence of any individual market — and offered to provide quality requirements to a single supplier. The current system encourages bona fide purchases towards the simulation competition — in particular, the attraction to trading dummy participants (see “Kommersant” on 17 December 2019 and April 22).Diana Galieva