on June 12, the country celebrates the annual national holiday — Russia Day. 30 years ago (in 1990) adopted the Declaration of sovereignty of the RSFSR, which was to become the basis for future Constitution. The document declared the independence of Russia, recognized the need for the empowerment of the regions, established equal rights for citizens, political parties and public organizations, shared the legislative, Executive and judicial power.
the Status of a public holiday on 12 June will receive a little later — 1992. But exactly three decades ago, when he was not yet the weekend, Moscow continued to live their daily lives. To remember how it was, help pictures stored in the collections of the Main archival administration of the city. They convey details that later become a the characteristic features of the era.
On the streets of Moscow perestroika, for example, could often be found. On photos Kutuzovsky Prospekt we see the poster “What have you done for perestroika?”, and at the Kuznetsk Bridge there is a banner with the call of the Central Committee of the Communist party “long live the working class — the leading force of our society!”. By the way, a similar stretch in the city no more: a few years ago such outdoor advertising removed from the streets of Moscow. He Kuznetsk Bridge also now looks different, there is no longer to meet parked cars — land from Bolshaya Dmitrovka to Rozhdestvenka street became pedestrian-only.
Among the now-vanished signs of the time were dealers newspaper, tobacco retail outlets and kiosks with gambling. However, fraudulent games in 1990 happened just on the sidewalk. For example, several sharps were sitting on cardboard boxes in the alley leading from the metro station “ENEA” to the main entrance, or on the square in front of Belorussky railway station.
Street trade in the 1990s was very common. Today, Newspapers sell in kiosks and such businesses as the sale of cigarettes and gambling, restricts the law — on the streets they left.
a Special sign of deficiency. In 1990, still in effect old Soviet system of distribution of goods to the shops, why periodically there is a shortage. In the late ‘ 80s cards came to Moscow, for example, were stamps for sugar and cigarettes. To defend the place, it was necessary to buy food or clothes. In today’s social networks, they spend hours and even days in queues had started Dating, read the latest news discuss what is happening.
According to her, in those years, by noon, the shelves of grocery. “In 1989 we were introduced stamps for sugar and tobacco, in early 1990 they added coupons for vodka, and later, in may, the business card of the buyer. Trade in food from now on Moscow was carried out for a residence permit”, — nupominaet Tatiana Vorontsova.
of Course, registration and stamps were sold, not all — some products were always in stock. But retail prices in state stores and private (cooperative) dispersed in 1990 every day.
Especially hardly it was necessary in 1990 to smokers. Cigarettes then traded Tolkach (with hands too, but four to five times more expensive). As a rule, the stalls were empty. Queue people were occupied with the night. If cigarettes still imported, buyers lacked everything, regardless of grades. At the peak of the deficit in the course were even cigarette butts. At the Riga market, for example, the Bank with the butts cost three rubles. Finally, on 1 September 1990 and cigarettes in the stalls appeared, but with the new prices. Pack, which used to cost 70 cents, now costs three rubles. The average salary in the national economy of the USSR in 1990, according to the Committee, amounted to 270 rubles.
a Favorite walking place for young Muscovites in our days left, even though it has changed markedly. There is no Ferris wheel, which can be seen on old photographs. In the early 1990-ies on the Pushkinskaya embankment was a giant amusement Park, which stood until 2011.
a Few years ago has changed and Arbat, who archived the picture even the Kalinin Prospekt. It is often called or Novoarbatsky Kalinin Prospekt and New Arbat street — it was the working title of the highway, when she was designed. In 1990 part of the Avenue again became a street Vozdvizhenka, and the remaining part of the highway was assigned the popular name — Novy Arbat street.
Another feature of 1990 was. Sporting events, concerts, rallies gathered hundreds of thousands of Muscovites. In the days when they adopted the Declaration of sovereignty of Russia, Italy hosted the world Cup. Moscow in the days of the matches came to a standstill, but, alas, 9 June 1990, the USSR national team lost to Romania, and June 13 — Argentina, and the famous Diego Maradona in this match knocked the ball out of the Argentine of the gate arm, and the referee did not notice. But on 7 November 1990 Packed to hundreds of thousands of Luzhniki saw the Moscow “Spartak” takes revenge on Maradona. The capital team beat the Cup Champions the Italian “Napoli”, which was then made by the famous Argentinian. He arrived in Moscow on a private jet, but to help his team failed. The game ended in a draw, “Spartak” has won after the penalty shoot-out and went on.
a full House in the Luzhniki collected and held on 24 June 1990. No one knew that this speech would be his last in less than two months later, on 15 August 1990, one of the most popular rock bands of the 80s will die in a car crash.
At the Moscow open courtyards that become PTSshade popular place of leisure. Small cellar converted into a makeshift cinema, where enterprising residents, calling themselves the co-operators, put the VCR. Basically show the militants with the participation of Arnold Schwarzenegger, Sylvester Stallone, Jackie Chan and Bruce Lee. Entrance usually costs one ruble. Such improvised cinema in 1990 was almost in every yard of Moscow.
Metro in 1990 continued to be extremely cheap. Trip in 1990, more cost(five cents). For the passage of the coin in five cents I had to throw in the turnstile. The subway network has continued to expand. 17 Jan 1990 opened section of the orange line “Teply Stan”” — “Bittsevsky Park” (now — “Novoyasenevskaya”), and August 1, 1990 — the length of the red line from the metro station “Preobrazhenskaya Ploschad” station “Ulitsa Podbel’skogo” (now “Boulevard Rokossovskogo”).