the Law “On the procedure of forming the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation” the President of Russia Vladimir Putin signed the fifth of August 2000. Earlier in the upper house of Parliament was composed of the heads of regions and heads of legislative assemblies of Russian regions, which was additionally assigned the duties of a Senator. Now every entity in the Federation Council present Senator Senator Executive and from the legislature.
According to Valentina Matvienko, 20 years ago was made a fundamental choice: how to be the Federation Council, who should work there. “I think that Vladimir Putin, making – in the first weeks after his inauguration in may 2000 the State Duma of the corresponding law, was guided by purely practical considerations” – quoted speaker RIA Novosti.
no matter How hard the governors or heads of regional legislatures to be “full” senators, however, the Federation Council has not been their main place of work. Their regional problems were in the foreground, and the opportunity to delve into the work of the Committee and the merits of the laws they had, said Matvienko.
the New law provided a process of forming the chamber in which the representatives of regions in Federation Council has appeared on a regular basis. In addition, the reformatting of the Federation Council ensured cleanliness in the implementation of the key constitutional principle of separation of powers. “The approval of the governors – the representatives of the Executive authorities – Federal laws, strictly speaking, looked legal nonsense”, – said the MP.
Professional Senator laid out the maximum in the upper house of Parliament. This is a separate type of political activity that requires special skills. “Over the past 20 years we have seen how effective this system is in every sense” – said Valentina Matvienko.