About one Million of an estimated total of eight million animal and plant species are threatened with extinction; many could disappear in the next decades, completely. More than ever before in the history of humankind, warns the world’s biodiversity tätsrats IPBES on Monday in a communication to report on the state of global biodiversity.
The extinction of species is accelerating and the decline of nature has reached such an extent that serious consequences for humans are likely to be, so the message of the IPBES report, whose key messages were presented on Monday. Three-quarters of the land area and roughly two-thirds of the sea surface of the earth changed, therefore, already significant by the people.
causes for loss of biodiversity and Ecosystems are according to the report, clearly human activities. As the main issues of the IPBES – in descending changes in Land – and sea sequence – usage, direct use of plants and animals, climate change, pollution and invasive species.
Neither sustainable nor fair
The loss of biological diversity, the excessive demand for natural resources spent, both in total and per capita, commented on the reason, Markus Fischer, University of Bern, who was involved in the report. This is leading to an overexploitation of local Ecosystems, and at the same time to an ever increasing global trade of natural resources, however, currently neither sustainable distribute the benefits.
“The health of the Ecosystems on which we and all other species depend, is deteriorating faster than ever,” said the former IPBES chair Robert Watson according to the message. “We economies, undermine the foundations of our economies, livelihoods, food security, health and quality of life in the world.”
The negative Trend in species diversity and Ecosystems, undermining the progress in 35 out of 44 of the sustainable development of the UN’s objectives, for example in the areas of poverty and hunger eradication, health and water supply, it was said.
exploitation of the natural stop
The report but also of hope: The rudder could around the tear, if there is a change in direction on all levels takes place, to a sustainable use of nature. It was clear that a “business as usual” is not an Option, said the fisherman.
One of the keys to the exploitation of the natural stop would be a further development of the economic and financial systems over the limited-edition Dogma of constant growth – towards a global, sustainable world economy. There is a need for new visions for a good quality of life without ever-increasing material consumption, as well as a reduction of consumption and waste, said Fischer. (SDA)