Russian merchandise exports are still characterized by low level of diversification over the last ten years, the share of non-oil goods in the external supply has increased from 47% to 53%. The Ministry of economy in the annual report on the results of foreign trade activities of the Russian Federation notes the failure of the export goals of the national project and proposes to change the model of its implementation in favour of a move to foreign markets close groups of goods and technologies in successful industries. Among non-energy goods most successful example of increasing supply remains the agricultural industry, although there are exports in 2019 money has decreased. The main lagging indicators of fixed in metallurgy, the timber industry and the pharmaceutical industry.Exports from Russia are poorly transformed over the decade — despite the increase in the number of competitive manufactured goods, the total complexity (degree of conversion) of the exported non-oil products remained virtually unchanged, according to a review of the Ministry of economy. In money, the share of non-oil goods in the years 2010-2019 increased from 47% to 53% (in the previous year from 52.5%), level of diversification increased from 2.1 to 2.6 (the higher the score, the better), but the proportion of high value-added products in non-oil non-energy exports rose only from 32% in 2010 to 33.2% ($49 billion) in 2019.In 2019, the export of Russia declined by 6%, to $422,8 billion, amid falling prices for hydrocarbons (exports of energy amounted to $262,5 billion). The country remained a net exporter of energy, pulp and paper and steel products, but a significant trade deficit persisted in the chemical and machinery and technical, as well as in the textile and footwear industries. The volume of non-oil non-oil exports exceeded $150 billion, although, according to the national project “international cooperation and exports,” was to reach $160 billion (here the Ministry of economy and Ministry of industry and trade jointly with the RECs differ in their assessments: integrate the processing of fish catch, which is not in the FCS data— they are used in the economy). The main volume of the gap with the targets non-commodity non-energy exports of goods in the framework of the national project occurred in the steel industry — $3.1 billion, the timber industry complex, it was $1.5 billion, the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry — $200 million For other industries (engineering, chemical and light industry and agriculture) have been achieved or exceeded.The most successful example of diversification and increase in exports, the authors consider the agricultural industry, although its imports last year decreased by 0.7%, to $24.8 billion (cereals, fish, and vegetable oil in the amount of provide nearly two thirds of export of the APC RF). But over the last ten years, Russia’s share in world food exports increased more than twice. This was facilitated by the withdrawal fitosanitar��’s limitations in the countries-buyers: in 2019 the Russian wheat is exported to 96 countries in comparison with 53 countries ten years ago, barley, and corn in 33 countries (23 and 13 countries in 2010, respectively).In other areas, the authors point to the need “to study new approaches to export policy taking into account the possible effect of exports on economic growth” and to consider the possibility of grouping the ones (on the institutional environment, capital, technology, production chains) of goods using the success of some to promote other: in the example in office provide pharmaceuticals, oil and gas chemistry. It is proposed to consider options for the restructuring of the automotive industry with the reorientation of its exports. In addition, should the removal of restrictions of access to external markets last year was cancelled 33 such measures eliminated the damage from their actions amounted to approximately $723 million per year. Including in the WTO was filmed five constraints to export (the damage on them was $370 million) for the supply of cosmetics in China, petroleum products and biofuels in Croatia of steel products to Turkey, vehicles to Vietnam and quotas on the import of flour and milk in Mongolia. Work is ongoing on the liberalization of the 30 measures from 13 countries, said the Agency.Tatiana Edovina