The application to the UN cultural organisation Unesco should be made by March 2020, it was said on Tuesday by both sides. The Austrian foreign Minister, Karin Kneissl and her Slovenian counterpart Miro Cerar signed in the Tyrolean village of Going with a joint Declaration.
The name of lipizzaners, the white precious horses were given after the establishment of the stud farm in Lipica in 1580. The Roman-German Emperor Maximilian II – a Habsburg took the horses in 1562 for the first time from Spain to Vienna. He founded in Kladrub, Bohemia, a Hofgestüt. In the riding school horses – then, as now, only selected stallions – put it in the barn castle, the oldest wing of the Vienna Hofburg.
Because the Hapsburgs wanted to demonstrate their pursuit of absolute Power on the backs of fine horses, were trained, the Lipizzaner.
According to the Lipizzaner has long been associated with the Spanish riding school where the horses, after of in 16. Century incurred equestrian art are formed, including the famous school jumps. Earlier you were at the court but also for carousels, as a riding – and parade horses, and as carriage horses are bred.
The Name Lipizzaner appeared only at the end of the 18th century. Century for the first time, before the horses were called “Karster”, after the name of the region of origin. Legendary is the mental strength of the horse, which places high demands on its trainers. So Lipizzaner can learn quickly and sometimes even unnoticed, but their will is overcome by physical hardness and difficult.
As the horse breed, the lipizzan horses are a European-Arab community. Probably due to the declining quality were, in fact, from the age of 18. Century increased the purchase of horses from other regions, in order to improve the breeding, such as from Italy, the Arab region and Denmark.
your longevity and health thanks to the Lipizzaner stud farm in the harsh, mountainous Karst around the Stem Lipica in the Hinterland of Trieste. Therefore, the lipizzans from the Austrian Federal Piber stud in Western Styria in the summer on high mountain pastures in a harsh, barren environment. So you have to pasture in Tyrol’s Going your Summer.
Tough it was for the Lipizzaner at the end of the Second world war, when they were in Hostau (Hostoun) in today’s Czech Republic, in the Soviet sphere of influence. They were brought at the end of April 1945 by U.S. General George Patton, contrary to the commands of the US high command in a night-and-fog action after Vienna.
thanks for this rescue action bequeathed to Austria to the US President Ronald Reagan in 1982, the stallion “Amadeus” to “life-long-loan”. A further rescue was in 1992, when during the fire in the Vienna Hofburg 69 horses from the stables of the riding school were evacuated.
in addition to Austria and Slovenia to other countries to breed Lipizzaner horses, but only in low numbers. The stud farm in Dakovo (Croatia), Silvasvarad (Hungary), Topolčianky (Slovakia), Monte Rotondo (Italy), Simbata de Jos (Romania) breed traditionally, the white horses, which are considered to be endangered species. According to estimates, worldwide there are only about 3000 to 4000 pure-bred lipizzan horses.
With lipizzan horses, the former Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito adorned. His stallion from the Serbian state stud farm Karadjordjevo, Maestoso Mara, was 41 years old.
After the end of Yugoslavia, Slovenia was striving to be the sole Lipizzaner country. So it was in the year 1999 at the world trade organization WTO a request for the protection of the horse.
a commotion in Austria, the Lipizzaner also provided, as Slovenia in 2007, for the first time, minted a 20-cent coins were minted. The figure of two young stallions became a Europe-wide successor to the Five-shilling-coin shown Lipizzaner in the “Levade”, standing on its hind legs.