Private education has its place in education a priority ? In his speech, re-entry, made on 4 October in front of the press, the secretary-general of the private education, catholic, Pascal Balmand, is clear : reflect on the role of catholic education in the social mix is a ” responsibility “, and it is pleased that the department conducts ” a reflection on the policy of educational priority “. The minister of education launched on 3 October, a mission on the redefinition of the educational priority. A report should be made at the end of the first half of 2019 for implementation in September 2020. In this context, it is not excluded that private education can find his place. With caution, Pierre Mathiot, to whom this mission was entrusted, ensures you think “without thinking” and ” nothing is to prohibit “.
For Pascal Balmand, if the priority education is changing, teaching in private catholic will be part of this process. With regard to the catholic teaching, it exists since 2017, a internal redeployment of the funding for the benefit ” of institutions and means of education strengthened “. By applying criteria such as the social origin of the pupils and the value added to the exam results, we found 110 facilities identified as a priority, on a total of 2 900 at the secondary level private catholic. The majority are rural colleges and colleges, professional high schools. “If you came in a map of the priority education, this would probably be a lot more, since our current system does not include the primary schools “, says Pascal Balmand. There remains, however, that the entry of private schools in the priority education upsets the balances of old. To date, private education receives funding according to a rule in effect since the law Debré of 1959 : since 20% of children are in private education, it receives 20 % of the total envelope of the State.
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This idea poses a fundamental problem : if the private education she wishes to receive aid indexed to the social profile of its students, it must play the game of gender diversity. But it helps, especially in large cities, school segregation. Families advantaged are more likely to choose the private sector, at the expense of the college sector, contributing to the creation of institutions of relegation. According to a study by the Insee, released in September, Bordeaux and Clermont-Ferrand, the social segregation between schools is linked to 40 % to the fact that the parents choose the private. This proportion is even more important to Paris (45 %).
However, the catholic teaching provides a reflection on the social diversity. In addition, despite a persistent reputation as a “guettos rich” maintained by the private establishments of the city center, some institutions are less privileged than others, with an average cost of tuition in a college situated around 850 or 900 euros per year, before deduction of social aid – prices increase significantly in the paris region.
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Support and aid with homework
The college of the Sacred Heart of le Havre, Maryline Lecomte identifies 56 % of children with “very disadvantaged,” 360 students. To remedy the inequality, the head of the establishment, implementation support and homework assistance, ” the greatest source of inequality “. If there are ways ” priority “, this would further strengthen the support, and having a reduced workforce in CP and CE1, as in the networks REP and + REP of public education today. In the CP at the primary school of the Sacred Heart, there are 27 students, “including at least five allophones,” says the head of the school. “The idea of being able to split this class makes us dream, of course “, she confesses.
In the school group Saint-Vincent-de-Paul in Paris (13th), which brings together more than 2,000 students from the elementary school to the BTS, it is also believed in the project of ” making live all of the children that do not overlap usual “. The head of the institution, Brigitte Chibani, is 44 % of pupils from disadvantaged social groups at the college. Its establishment, which will cost about 900 euros per year without counting social security payments, is “one of the cheapest in Paris” and manages to attract families from a variety of backgrounds, with the support of the international sections.
the construction of The priority education
The construction of the redesign of the priority education is now launched. The mission, led by Pierre Mathiot, and Ariane Azema is expected to issue findings in the spring of 2019 for the implementation of the reform in September 2020. The launch of this new site, therefore, comes to freeze the revision of the map of priority education, which would have had to intervene in 2019. The minister and the officers have not commented on the questioning – or not – of the labels REP and + REP.
Contacted by The World, Pierre Mathiot confirms the ambition to break the “threshold effects” and to think of a gradation of assistance given. The other priority of this mission will be to consider the place of rural areas, at a time when the majority of disadvantaged children are not in schools a priority.