At the same time the government forbade to put debtors penalties and interest, taking into account the APB status of the population. And the fact that generation and distribution companies find themselves in a similar situation, it was somehow overlooked.
the decrease In business activity is observed in all sectors. Now, when the economy begins to slowly climb out of the pit dug by the coronavirus, companies are forced to continue to operate in the mode of scraping, saving, even though its reserves are already almost exhausted. What is the reason that from the amount of profits I want to sob? Of course – “taxes, prices and tariffs” … And, for some reason in the first place for electricity.
However, the policy of “condemning the power in his own ineffectiveness” is not new. Already a couple of decades at least we hear about that in Russia unreasonably overestimated tariffs for the electric power. And too high costs of energy interfere with the domestic industry to be competitive in the external market. However, between high costs and high tariffs there are two big differences as speak in Odessa. And to tie these concepts directly is like blaming gasoline prices that your Niva requires a top up too much oil in the engine.
Plus, many official sources indicate that electricity prices in Russia are quite adequate (we will not dissemble and say they are low). And on the background of the electricity tariffs in countries with similar economic structures look profitable.
So, according to calculations made by experts of the Association “Council of energy producers” on the basis of data of Rosstat, EIU and Enerdata, the end price of electricity for industrial consumers in Russia is lower by about 1.3 times than in the US, 2 times lower than in China and Brazil, and 2.5 times lower than German and English.
These calculations was confirmed by the Ministry of energy. “According to the statistical service of European Union Eurostat, and conducted analysis of NP “market Council” weighted average final price in Russia calculated in large energy-intensive consumers in the pricing zones of the wholesale market with an average hourly consumption over 500 MWh based on the cost and volume of purchase of electric energy (capacity) on the wholesale market and tariff FSK (includes rate on the content network and bid for payment of normative losses) and amounted to 2.29 ruble per kWh (in the EU – 4.77 ruble. – ed.), – have informed in the Ministry of energy.
Thus, in Russia there is a minimal cost of electricity for energy-intensive categories of consumers (connected to networks FSK) on the territory of the European Union, which demonstrates the competitiveness of Russian prices in comparison with prices for electricity in Europe.
electricity Rates for industry, of course, grow. But theseabout in the order of things was not born in Russia we have another industry, the price of services which was reduced from year to year. But again, in comparison with rising prices in other industries and the level of inflation, the increase in electricity tariffs is not shocking.
So, for the last 5 years in the wholesale market the average gain of the prices in the first pricing zone (European part of Russia and Ural) amounted to three percent in the second pricing zone (Western and Eastern Siberia) – 0.2 percent. It should be added that the increase in the wholesale component of prices is limited by the antitrust laws and is tightly controlled by the FAS.
the average rate of inflation over the past 5 years amounted, according to Rosstat 4.71 percent, and the average annual increase in the price index of major industrial manufacturers – an average of 5.9 percent.
So the high cost of the industrial consumers of electricity depend not only and not so much the size of the tariff. We will not take into account the inefficiency of some industries obsolete “voracious” equipment, the reluctance of enterprises to enter into energy service contracts.
“Major customers are entities of the wholesale market where they buy two separate of goods – electricity and power. The latter provides to the buyer the presence of generating equipment to satisfy its needs in the development of the necessary volume of electricity. In addition, consumers of the wholesale market of electricity and capacity to pay various allowances to the price of power. These include, for example, include payments to the PDM, PDM, NPP/HPP, Commodus, as well as allowances for the alignment of tariffs for the electric power in the far East, the construction of generation in the Kaliningrad region and the Crimea, PDM PDM renewable energy and solid waste, – explained the expert of the Analytical center under the Government of the Russian Federation Oleg Kolobov. – According to NP “market Council”, such allowances account for about 80 percent of the capacity payment. In addition, the industry bears the burden of cross-subsidization in terms of setting lower tariffs for transmission services of electricity for the population. As a result, the network component accounts for about half the final electricity prices. While in many industrialized countries, the proportion of networks varies at the level of 20-30 percent.”
“the Share of the tariff for transportation of electricity is very significant and exceeds that in developed countries twice – confirms the Deputy Chairman of the RF CCI Committee on energy strategy and development of FEC Georgiy Kutovoy – this circumstance is primarily due to minor load of electricity transmission networks (about 35 percent instead of 70 percent of the nominal bandwidth), and a high level of losses during transporthe adjustment of the. In such a situation, industrial customers rely on the establishment of their own generation, leading to a further decrease in the load of the power grid complex. It is a vicious circle”…
Now the energy Ministry is preparing amendments to the law on electricity, which will evenly distribute the amount of cross subsidy for all categories of industrial consumers, regardless of which networks they are connected – mains or distribution (connected to the first pay less). “The bill will not cause an additional increase in electricity tariffs for the population, but on the contrary, will create an additional incentive for development of small and medium-sized enterprises, will eliminate the existing unfair competition between industrial consumers”, – said the Deputy head of the Ministry Yury Manevich.